Brian Polovoy

Brian Polovoy

Shearman & Sterling LLP

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Second Circuit Accepts Controversial “Inflation-Maintenance” Theory of Securities Fraud Liability

In so-called “price maintenance” securities fraud cases, plaintiffs argue that a misrepresentation that does not cause a stock’s price to rise can nevertheless be actionable under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange of...more

10/6/2016 - Best Buy Class Certification Fraud-on-the-Market Halliburton v Erica P. John Fund Material Misstatements Securities Exchange Act Securities Fraud Stock Prices

Two Recent Second Circuit Decisions Provide Opportunity for Supreme Court to Address Whether American Pipe Tolling Extends to...

The tolling rule established by the Supreme Court in American Pipe & Construction Co. v. Utah generally provides that the commencement of a class action in federal court suspends the applicable statute of limitations for all...more

7/20/2016 - American Pipe & Construction Co. v. Utah Bear Sterns Class Action IndyMac Lehman Brothers Statute of Limitations Statute of Repose Tolling

Brexit: Implications for the Insurance and Reinsurance Industry

Following the so-called “Brexit” referendum held on 23 June 2016, the UK has narrowly voted to leave the European Union. This note briefly discusses the possible issues arising from the decision for the UK and EU insurance...more

7/18/2016 - Article 50 Treaty of the EU EEA EFTA EIOPA EU Insurance Industry Popular UK UK Brexit

Second Circuit Holds a National Bank’s Citizenship Is Determined Exclusively by Location of Main Office, Not Principal Place of...

For purposes of assessing the existence of federal subject matter jurisdiction based on diversity of citizenship, national banking associations—i.e., corporate entities chartered not by any State, but by the Office of the...more

7/12/2016 - Banks Diversity Jurisdiction Principal Place of Business Subject Matter Jurisdiction

The DOL’s New Fiduciary Rule: Capturing the Apparent Conflict at the “Moment of Rollover”

The US Department of Labor’s final fiduciary rule captures rollover, transfer and distribution recommendations to retirement investors. In essence, under the rule, a financial organization or adviser is acting as a fiduciary...more

6/9/2016 - Conflicts of Interest Distribution Rules DOL ERISA Fiduciary Duty IRA Rollovers Retirement Plan

Second Circuit Reaffirms Its View That Extender Statutes Supersede Statutes of Repose

The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) includes a so-called Extender Statute prescribing the limitations period for actions brought by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) as...more

5/24/2016 - Extender Statutes FDIC FHFA FIRREA Statute of Repose

The DOL’s New Fiduciary Rule: The Thin Line Between Education and Advice

Following the release in 2015 of the US Department of Labor’s proposed fiduciary rule, many commentators feared that communications that had previously been characterized as “investment education” would now constitute...more

5/12/2016 - DOL ERISA Fiduciary Duty Final Rules Investment Adviser Retirement Plan

The DOL’s New Fiduciary Rule: The Details on Disclosure

As discussed in our publication dated April 14, 2016, the final Department of Labor fiduciary rule provides for two new prohibited transaction exemptions, the Best Interest Contract Exemption (the “BIC Exemption”) and the...more

5/6/2016 - Best Interest Contract Exemptions DOL ERISA Fiduciary Duty Investment Adviser Principal Transaction Exemption

Second Circuit Holds Sarbanes-Oxley’s Five-Year Statute of Repose Applies to Claims Under Sections 9(f) and 18(a), but Re-Affirms...

Twenty-five years ago, in Ceres Partners, the Second Circuit held that the implied private right of action under Section 14 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) was subject to a three-year repose...more

5/4/2016 - Oil & Gas Private Right of Action Sarbanes-Oxley Securities Exchange Act Statute of Repose

Second Circuit Stresses Control, Not Attribution, In Applying Janus’s “Ultimate Authority” Test, And Also Allows Expert Testimony...

In Janus Capital, the Supreme Court established the “ultimate authority” test to determine who may be liable under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) as a “maker” of a materially misleading...more

4/19/2016 - Control Test Expert Testimony Misleading Statements Pfizer Pharmaceutical Industry

The US Department of Labor’s Final “Fiduciary” Rule Incorporates Concessions to Financial Service Industry but Still Poses Key...

The Rule Will Require Restructuring of Pay and Compliance Policies at Financial Institutions Serving Retail Retirement Clients The Rule Also Increases the Litigation Risks to Financial Institutions Associated with...more

4/15/2016 - Best Interest Standard DOL ERISA Fiduciary Duty Investment Adviser Retirement Plan

Second Circuit’s First Published Opinion Applying Omnicare Adopts Strong Contextual Approach to Opinion Statement Liability

In Omnicare, Inc. v. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund, 135 S.Ct. 1318 (2015) (“Omnicare”), the Supreme Court pronounced the standard for determining whether a statement of opinion is actionable...more

3/8/2016 - Material Misstatements Omnicare v Laborers District Council Pension Funds SCOTUS Securities Exchange Act Statement of Opinion

Second Circuit Determines That Tax Memo Shared Between Taxpayers and Banks Is Protected Under the Common Interest Doctrine and...

On November 10, 2015, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit unanimously held in a published opinion that (i) the attorney-client privilege was not waived by appellants-taxpayers who shared a group of documents,...more

11/13/2015 - Audits Common-Interest Privilege Corporate Taxes IRS Work Product Privilege

Supreme Court Sets Standard for Section 11 Opinion Statement Liability in Omnicare Ruling

In its much-anticipated decision in Omnicare, Inc. v. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund (“Omnicare”), No. 13-435 (Mar. 24, 2015), the United States Supreme Court held that an honestly-held statement...more

3/27/2015 - Issue Preclusion Likelihood of Confusion Omnicare Omnicare v Laborers District Council SCOTUS Trademark Infringement Trademark Trial and Appeal Board Trademarks

Commercial Division of New York State Supreme Court Adopts Rule Regarding Responses and Objections to Document Requests

On January 22, 2015, the Chief Administrative Judge of the Courts of New York adopted a new rule applicable to the Commercial Division, effective April 1, 2015, that will require parties to provide increased specificity when...more

2/3/2015 - Discovery Document Requests New Regulations

Supreme Court Preserves 'Fraud-on-the-Market' and Validates Use of 'Price Impact' Defense Against Class Certification in...

In its long-awaited decision in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. (“Halliburton II”), the US Supreme Court upheld the validity of the fraud-on-the-market presumption set forth in Basic Inc. v. Levinson, 485 US 224...more

6/27/2014 - Basic v Levinson Class Action Class Certification Fraud Fraud-on-the-Market Halliburton Halliburton v Erica P. John Fund SCOTUS Securities Fraud

Second Circuit Rejects 'Listing Theory,' Finds That Cross-Listing on a U.S. Exchange Is Insufficient to Justify an Exception Under...

In a case of first impression, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit recently held in a published opinion that the Supreme Court’s decision in Morrison v. National Australia Bank Ltd., 561 U.S. 247 (2010),...more

5/13/2014 - Appeals Extraterritoriality Rules Foreign Exchanges Morrison v National Australia Bank Putative Class Actions SCOTUS Securities Securities Exchange Act UBS

New York Adopts Rule Allowing Parties to Agree to 'Accelerated Adjudication' of Lawsuits in the Commercial Division of New York...

The New York state court has adopted a rule that will allow parties to agree to have a Commercial Division lawsuit heard on an expedited basis. The rule permits parties to agree in a contract that any lawsuit arising out of...more

5/5/2014 - Adjudicatory Process Discovery Expedited Discovery Waivers

Supreme Court to Review Second Circuit’s Decision that American Pipe Tolling Does Not Apply to the Securities Act’s Three-Year...

The Supreme Court of the United States has granted certiorari in Public Employees’ Retirement System of Mississippi v. IndyMac MBS, Inc., taking up an issue that affects the management of class action securities litigation....more

3/21/2014 - American Pipe & Construction Co. v. Utah IndyMac Retirement Plan SCOTUS Securities Act of 1933 Statute of Repose Tolling

New York Court Affirms Separate Entity Ruling on Appeal

On March 11, 2014, a New York state appellate court affirmed an important decision on the “separate entity” rule that is favorable to all multinational banks that maintain a New York branch. New York’s separate entity rule...more

3/18/2014 - Banks Discovery Extraterritoriality Rules Multinationals

Second Circuit Addresses Materiality of Alleged Omissions at the Pleading Stage

Earlier this week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued a noteworthy decision regarding the standard for judging the materiality of alleged omissions in a class action lawsuit brought under Section...more

7/25/2013 - Class Action Exchange-Traded Products Materiality Omissions Pleadings SEC

The Sixth Circuit Establishes a Lenient Standard for Pleading a Section 11 Claim Based on an Allegedly Misleading Opinion in a...

The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit recently issued an important decision regarding the requirements for stating a claim under Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933 based on an allegedly misleading...more

6/25/2013 - Material Misstatements Medicaid Medicare Omnicare Pleadings Registration

PCAOB Announces Agreement With China On Production of Audit Work Papers – A Step Forward or Lip Service?

On May 24, 2013, the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB” or the “Board”) announced that it had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) with Chinese securities regulators that would enable the PCAOB under...more

6/7/2013 - Audits China Memorandum of Understanding PCAOB SEC Securities Fraud

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