Claudius Sokenu

Claudius Sokenu

Shearman & Sterling LLP

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Second Circuit Accepts Controversial “Inflation-Maintenance” Theory of Securities Fraud Liability

In so-called “price maintenance” securities fraud cases, plaintiffs argue that a misrepresentation that does not cause a stock’s price to rise can nevertheless be actionable under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange of...more

10/6/2016 - Best Buy Class Certification Fraud-on-the-Market Halliburton v Erica P. John Fund Material Misstatements Securities Exchange Act Securities Fraud Stock Prices

D.C. Circuit Upholds Constitutionality of SEC Administrative Proceedings

On August 9, 2016, a three-judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit issued Lucia v. SEC, a significant decision that holds that the Securities and Exchange Commission’s (“SEC” or...more

8/17/2016 - Administrative Hearings ALJ Appointments Clause Article II SEC

Securities Enforcement: 2016 Mid-Year Review

The Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC or the Commission) brought over 400 enforcement actions in the first half of 2016 and is on pace to surpass its record of 807 enforcements actions in a single fiscal year, which...more

7/20/2016 - Administrative Proceedings Books & Records Broker-Dealer Chief Compliance Officers Cooperation Corporate Counsel Cybersecurity Disgorgement Enforcement Actions Enforcement Statistics FCPA Insider Trading Investment Adviser Municipal Bonds SEC Whistleblowers

Two Recent Second Circuit Decisions Provide Opportunity for Supreme Court to Address Whether American Pipe Tolling Extends to...

The tolling rule established by the Supreme Court in American Pipe & Construction Co. v. Utah generally provides that the commencement of a class action in federal court suspends the applicable statute of limitations for all...more

7/20/2016 - American Pipe & Construction Co. v. Utah Bear Sterns Class Action IndyMac Lehman Brothers Statute of Limitations Statute of Repose Tolling

Second Circuit Holds a National Bank’s Citizenship Is Determined Exclusively by Location of Main Office, Not Principal Place of...

For purposes of assessing the existence of federal subject matter jurisdiction based on diversity of citizenship, national banking associations—i.e., corporate entities chartered not by any State, but by the Office of the...more

7/12/2016 - Banks Diversity Jurisdiction Principal Place of Business Subject Matter Jurisdiction

Eleventh Circuit Rules Disgorgement Subject to Five-Year Limitations Period, Ruling Against SEC

On May 26, 2016, a three-judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit issued SEC v. Graham, a significant decision that, at least in the Eleventh Circuit, limits the ability of the Securities and...more

6/13/2016 - Disgorgement Enforcement Actions Injunctive Relief SEC Statute of Limitations

Second Circuit Reaffirms Its View That Extender Statutes Supersede Statutes of Repose

The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act (“FIRREA”) includes a so-called Extender Statute prescribing the limitations period for actions brought by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) as...more

5/24/2016 - Extender Statutes FDIC FHFA FIRREA Statute of Repose

Second Circuit Holds Sarbanes-Oxley’s Five-Year Statute of Repose Applies to Claims Under Sections 9(f) and 18(a), but Re-Affirms...

Twenty-five years ago, in Ceres Partners, the Second Circuit held that the implied private right of action under Section 14 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) was subject to a three-year repose...more

5/4/2016 - Oil & Gas Private Right of Action Sarbanes-Oxley Securities Exchange Act Statute of Repose

To Self-Report or Not to Self-Report, That Remains the Question After the Justice Department’s Latest Effort to Encourage...

On April 5, 2016, the United States Department of Justice, Criminal Division, Fraud Section launched a one-year Pilot Program that invites companies to self-report potential violations of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act...more

5/2/2016 - Compliance Cooperation DOJ FCPA Federal Pilot Programs Voluntary Disclosure

Second Circuit Stresses Control, Not Attribution, In Applying Janus’s “Ultimate Authority” Test, And Also Allows Expert Testimony...

In Janus Capital, the Supreme Court established the “ultimate authority” test to determine who may be liable under Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) as a “maker” of a materially misleading...more

4/19/2016 - Control Test Expert Testimony Misleading Statements Pfizer Pharmaceutical Industry

Second Circuit’s First Published Opinion Applying Omnicare Adopts Strong Contextual Approach to Opinion Statement Liability

In Omnicare, Inc. v. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund, 135 S.Ct. 1318 (2015) (“Omnicare”), the Supreme Court pronounced the standard for determining whether a statement of opinion is actionable...more

3/8/2016 - Material Misstatements Omnicare v Laborers District Council Pension Funds SCOTUS Securities Exchange Act Statement of Opinion

Securities Enforcement 2015 Year-End Review

The Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC or the Commission) filed a record 807 enforcement actions in fiscal year 2015, 52 more than it filed in 2014. It also set a record by obtaining approximately $4.2 billion in...more

2/4/2016 - Administrative Hearings Chief Compliance Officers Cybersecurity Enforcement Statistics Insider Trading SEC Securities Fraud US v Newman Whistleblowers

Second Circuit Determines That Tax Memo Shared Between Taxpayers and Banks Is Protected Under the Common Interest Doctrine and...

On November 10, 2015, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit unanimously held in a published opinion that (i) the attorney-client privilege was not waived by appellants-taxpayers who shared a group of documents,...more

11/13/2015 - Audits Common-Interest Privilege Corporate Taxes IRS Work Product Privilege

Latin America Corruption: Keep Calm, Carry On?

Recently, governmental authorities have pursued corruption investigations in Latin America with a vigor traditionally not seen. One potential result is a significant disruption of business. While there are inherent risks in...more

8/12/2015 - Chief Compliance Officers Complex Corporate Transactions Compliance Due Diligence Enforcement Actions FCPA Government Investigations Joint Venture Latin America Lockheed Martin Nokia Risk Assessment Risk Mitigation Siemens

FIFA and BHP Billiton: The Unique FCPA Challenges Present in International Sports

Recent enforcement actions by the Department of Justice and Securities and Exchange Commission have raised the profile of corruption in international sport and highlight unique FCPA compliance concerns. This note will explain...more

6/15/2015 - BHP Billiton Bribery Compliance Corporate Counsel Corruption DOJ FCPA FIFA Football Indictments Match Fixing Olympics Popular SEC Soccer Sports World Cup

SEC Says Confidentiality Agreements May Impede Whistleblowers

On April 1, 2015, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC” or “Commission”) filed its first enforcement action under Section 21F of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) and Exchange Act Rule...more

4/3/2015 - Confidentiality Agreements Contract Terms Enforcement Actions KBR (formerly Kellogg Brown & Root) SEC Whistleblower Protection Policies Whistleblowers

Supreme Court Sets Standard for Section 11 Opinion Statement Liability in Omnicare Ruling

In its much-anticipated decision in Omnicare, Inc. v. Laborers District Council Construction Industry Pension Fund (“Omnicare”), No. 13-435 (Mar. 24, 2015), the United States Supreme Court held that an honestly-held statement...more

3/27/2015 - Issue Preclusion Likelihood of Confusion Omnicare Omnicare v Laborers District Council SCOTUS Trademark Infringement Trademark Trial and Appeal Board Trademarks

Commercial Division of New York State Supreme Court Adopts Rule Regarding Responses and Objections to Document Requests

On January 22, 2015, the Chief Administrative Judge of the Courts of New York adopted a new rule applicable to the Commercial Division, effective April 1, 2015, that will require parties to provide increased specificity when...more

2/3/2015 - Discovery Document Requests New Regulations

Securities Enforcement 2014 Year-End Review

Fiscal year 2014 proved to be another eventful and record-breaking year for the Division of Enforcement (Enforcement Division) of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or the Commission). Indeed, the...more

1/29/2015 - Broken Windows Enforcement Actions Enforcement Statistics SEC Strategic Enforcement Plan

Gifts of Travel and Luxury Watches to Saudi Officials Not Mere 'Icing on the Cake' for FCPA Charges

Improper Gifts Alone, Without Cash Bribes, Serve as Basis for SEC’s Latest FCPA Enforcement Action - Earlier this week, the SEC announced fines for two former defense contractor employees for FCPA violations relating...more

11/21/2014 - Bribery Conditional Gifts Enforcement Actions FCPA Foreign Official Popular Saudi Arabia SEC

SEC Settlement with Layne Christensen Raises New Questions on the Government’s Understanding of the Business Nexus Element of the...

Last week the SEC settled charges against Layne Christensen for various violations of the FCPA. While a relatively unremarkable case at first glance, the SEC’s charges against Layne Christensen reflect a troubling approach by...more

11/5/2014 - Cease and Desist Orders Consent Order Construction Industry FCPA Layne Christensen Co SEC Subsidiaries

Broken Windows: SEC Enforcement Reminds Officers, Directors and 5% Shareholders to Comply with Reporting Requirements

On September 10, 2014, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) announced enforcement proceedings against officers, directors and major shareholders and publicly-traded companies for violations related...more

9/29/2014 - Broken Windows Corporate Officers Directors Enforcement Actions Publicly-Traded Companies Reporting Requirements SEC Shareholders Strategic Enforcement Plan

Securities Enforcement 2014 Mid-Year Review

While not nearly as transformative and dramatic as the first half of 2013 and the early days of Chair Mary Jo White and Director of Enforcement Andrew Ceresney, the first six months of 2014 was just as busy and productive...more

8/1/2014 - Citigroup Enforcement Enforcement Actions Judge Rakoff Neither Admit Nor Deny Settlements SEC Settlement

Supreme Court Preserves 'Fraud-on-the-Market' and Validates Use of 'Price Impact' Defense Against Class Certification in...

In its long-awaited decision in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. (“Halliburton II”), the US Supreme Court upheld the validity of the fraud-on-the-market presumption set forth in Basic Inc. v. Levinson, 485 US 224...more

6/27/2014 - Basic v Levinson Class Action Class Certification Fraud Fraud-on-the-Market Halliburton Halliburton v Erica P. John Fund SCOTUS Securities Fraud

So You Want to See Messi, Neymar, Ronaldo, and Xavi: Brazil Issues Directive Barring Government Officials From Receiving World Cup...

Earlier today, the Office of the Comptroller General in Brazil, Controladoria-Geral da União (“CGU”), issued a sweeping directive barring government officials from accepting offers to attend or participate in the upcoming...more

6/3/2014 - Brazil Compliance FCPA Government Officials Public Officials UK UK Bribery Act World Cup

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