James G. Ryan

James G. Ryan

Cullen and Dykman LLP

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The Pregnancy Discrimination Act – Granting Equal Rights to Being Treated Poorly?

In 1978 Congress enacted the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (“PDA”) to amend Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to prohibit sex discrimination on the basis of pregnancy. Why then in 2014, over forty-five years later, is...more

12/9/2014 - Certiorari EEOC Employer Liability Issues PDA SCOTUS Sex Discrimination Title VII Young v United Parcel Service

Supreme Court to Protect Information on Cell Phones

The digital age has created a world in which over-sharing is the norm and electronic devices are capable of storing significant amounts of one’s personal information. However, in an important step to protect the privacy of...more

7/17/2014 - Cell Phones Evidence Fourth Amendment Law Enforcement Riley v California SCOTUS Search Warrant

Supreme Court holds that the “Contraception Mandate” of the Affordable Care Act violates the Religious Freedom Restoration Act

On June 30, 2014, the Supreme Court issued its highly-anticipated decision in the matters of Burwell v. Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc. and Conestoga Wood Specialties Corp. v. Burell. In each of these cases, for-profit corporations...more

7/10/2014 - Affordable Care Act Burwell v Hobby Lobby Contraceptive Coverage Mandate Contraceptives Hobby Lobby Religious Exemption Religious Freedom Restoration Act SCOTUS

Supreme Court Upholds Strict Scrutiny Standard In Affirmative Action

On June 24, 2013, the Supreme Court in Fisher v. University of Texas reaffirmed that the strict scrutiny standard of review applies when evaluating a university’s affirmative action admissions program. On these grounds, by a...more

10/17/2013 - Affirmative Action College Admissions Diversity Fisher v University of Texas SCOTUS Strict Scrutiny Standard Universities University of Texas

DOMA’s Tax Benefit Implications

In 1996, President Bill Clinton signed DOMA into law. Section 3 of DOMA defines “marriage” as a legal union between one man and one woman, and defines “spouse” as a husband or wife of the opposite sex. However, on June 26,...more

9/3/2013 - DOMA Employer Group Health Plans Marriage Same-Sex Marriage SCOTUS Tax Benefits US v Windsor

Supreme Court Narrows Scope Of Employer’s Liability For Title VII Claims Against Co-workers

On June 24, 2013 in the case Vance v. Ball State University, the Supreme Court defined the scope of supervisory status as it applies to harassing co-workers under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (“Title VII”). ...more

7/18/2013 - Adverse Employment Action Civil Rights Act EEOC Harassment Hiring & Firing Retaliation SCOTUS Supervisors Title VII Vance v. Ball State University

Supreme Court Decides Kloeckner v. Solis

On December 10, 2012 the U.S. Supreme Court issued a unanimous decision in Kloeckner v. Solis holding that “[a] federal employee who claims that an agency action appealable to the MSPB violates an antidiscrimination statute...more

1/25/2013 - Administrative Appeals Appeals Civil Service Reform Act Discrimination DOL EEOC Federal Employees Judicial Review Kloeckner Merits Systems Protection Board Mixed Motive Cases SCOTUS Split of Authority Subject Matter Jurisdiction Termination

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