James G. Ryan

James G. Ryan

Cullen and Dykman LLP

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Latest Posts › Title VII


Wal-Mart Accused of Gender-Discrimination Because of Anti-Gay Insurance Policies

In Cote v. Wal-Mart Stores, Wal-Mart is facing the possibility of a class action suit from a former employee who claims that the company’s denial of healthcare benefits to her same-sex spouse amounts to sex discrimination....more

8/4/2015 - Civil Rights Act Class Action Discrimination EEOC Employee Benefits Employment Discrimination Gender Discrimination Health Insurance Same-Sex Marriage Sexual Orientation Discrimination Spouses Title VII Wal-Mart

The Sixth Circuit Finds Complaints to Harassing Supervisor Constitute Protected Activity Under Title VII

A recent U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (“Sixth Circuit”) decision could have major implications for employers within its jurisdiction. In EEOC v. New Breed Logistics, No. 13-6250, 2015 U.S. App. LEXIS 6650, the...more

8/4/2015 - Compensatory Damages EEOC Employment Discrimination En Banc Review Harassment Hiring & Firing Popular Protected Activity Punitive Damages Retaliation Sexual Harassment Title VII Wrongful Termination

Supreme Court Rules Against Abercrombie & Fitch in Religious Discrimination Case

In a previous blog post we discussed the facts, and potential consequences of a pro-plaintiff holding in Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v. Abercrombie & Fitch Store, Inc. As a brief recap, in 2008, Samantha Elauf, a...more

7/9/2015 - Abercrombie & Fitch Disparate Impact Disparate Treatment EEOC EEOC v Abercrombie Hiring & Firing Reasonable Accommodation Religious Discrimination SCOTUS Title VII

U.S. Supreme Court to Hear Oral Argument This Week in Abercrombie Discrimination Case

Another year has begun and it seems like the debate over Abercrombie and Fitch’s employee dress code policy shows no indication of stopping. Only this time – the U.S. Supreme Court is getting involved....more

2/25/2015 - Dress Codes EEOC v Abercrombie Hiring & Firing Oral Argument Religious Clothing SCOTUS Title VII

U.S. Supreme Court Addresses Disparate Impact Liability Under the Fair Housing Act

On January 21, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court heard oral argument in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Docket No. 13-1371, a case that focuses on whether claims based on...more

1/29/2015 - ADEA Age Discrimination Commercial Property Owners Commercial Real Estate Market DHCA v Inclusive Communities Project Discrimination Disparate Impact Oral Argument Race Discrimination Residential Property Owners Residential Real Estate Market SCOTUS Title VII

Department of Justice Switches Sides: Title VII Now Prohibits Transgender Discrimination

On December 18, 2014, Attorney General Eric Holder, in an unanticipated move, revised the Department of Justice’s (“DOJ”) interpretation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. (“Title VII”),...more

1/16/2015 - Barack Obama Discrimination DOJ Employer Liability Issues Executive Orders Gender Discrimination Gender Identity Title VII Transgender

The Pregnancy Discrimination Act – Granting Equal Rights to Being Treated Poorly?

In 1978 Congress enacted the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (“PDA”) to amend Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to prohibit sex discrimination on the basis of pregnancy. Why then in 2014, over forty-five years later, is...more

12/9/2014 - Certiorari EEOC Employer Liability Issues PDA SCOTUS Sex Discrimination Title VII Young v United Parcel Service

Company Parties Or Legal Nightmares?

The summer provides a great opportunity for employers to host company parties for the whole office to enjoy....more

7/25/2013 - Civil Rights Act Employer Liability Issues Harassment Holiday Parties Sexual Harassment Title VII Wine & Alcohol

Supreme Court Narrows Scope Of Employer’s Liability For Title VII Claims Against Co-workers

On June 24, 2013 in the case Vance v. Ball State University, the Supreme Court defined the scope of supervisory status as it applies to harassing co-workers under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (“Title VII”). ...more

7/18/2013 - Adverse Employment Action Civil Rights Act EEOC Harassment Hiring & Firing Retaliation SCOTUS Supervisors Title VII Vance v. Ball State University

Are Courts Reluctant To Grant Summary Judgment In Hostile Work Environment Cases?

The Second Circuit has recently reiterated its hesitancy to permit summary judgment in hostile work environment claims that present ambiguities as to the sufficiency of plaintiff’s case. In Rivera v. Rochester Genesee Reg’l...more

2/4/2013 - Discrimination EEOC Evidence Hostile Environment National Origin National Origin Discrimination Race Discrimination Retaliation Summary Judgment Title VII

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