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Forum Selection Clauses Were Here Before They Were In Bylaws

Recent rulings by judges in Delaware and other states have given impetus to the adoption of exclusive forum bylaws. To the casual observer, the idea might seem entirely novel. But as Koheleth (the Gatherer) wrote “What has...more

10/21/2014 - Breach of Duty Bylaws Corporate Officers Delaware General Corporation Law Derivative Suit Directors Forum Selection Clause Internal Affairs Doctrine

SEC Advisory Committee To Consider Fee-Shifting Bylaws, But Why?

One agenda item for the upcoming meeting of the Investor Advisory Committee is a “Discussion of Issuer Adoption of Fee-Shifting Bylaws for Intra-Corporate Litigation”. This is indeed an interesting and timely topic in light...more

9/22/2014 - Bylaws Fee-Shifting Fee-Shifting Statutes SEC

Some Questions Boards Might Want To Ask When Considering Fee-Shifting Bylaws

1. Is a fee-shifting bylaw facially valid under applicable law? The Delaware Supreme Court has held that a fee-shifting bylaw adopted by a Delaware non-stock corporation is facially valid. ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher...more

7/7/2014 - ATP Tours Bylaws Corporate Counsel Fee-Shifting Statutes

How Broad Was That Bylaw?

In yesterday’s posting, I noted a recent Form 8-K filing that discloses the adoption of a fee-shifting bylaw. In ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, 2014 Del. LEXIS 209 (Del. May 8, 2014), the Delaware Supreme Court...more

7/2/2014 - ATP Tours Bylaws Corporate Governance Delaware General Corporation Law Fee-Shifting

Public Company Adopts Fee Shifting Bylaw

The Delaware Supreme Court caused quite a stir when it concluded that a fee shifting bylaw adopted by a non-stock corporation did not run afoul of the Delaware General Corporation Law. ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis...more

7/1/2014 - ATP Tours Bylaws Corporate Governance Delaware General Corporation Law Fee-Shifting Statutes Publicly-Traded Companies

Federal Court Rules Boilermakers Didn’t Decide All Issues And Orders Company To File A Form 8-K

At first glance, the plaintiff’s position in Bushansky v. Armacost, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 88072 (N.D. Cal. June 25, 2014) seems a bit peculiar. The plaintiff had filed suit challenging Chevron Corporation’s adoption of an...more

6/30/2014 - Bylaws Chevron Class Action Delaware General Corporation Law Federal Jurisdiction Form 8-K Forum Selection Clause Shareholder Activism Shareholder Litigation Shareholders

If Fee-Shifting Bylaws Are Ever Put On Trial, This Case Should Be Exhibit A

Item 5.07(d) of Form 8-K requires issuers to disclose “the company’s decision in light of such vote as to how frequently the company will include a shareholder vote on the compensation of executives in its proxy materials...more

6/23/2014 - Board of Directors Bylaws Executive Compensation Form 8-K Proxy Statements Say-on-Pay SEC Shareholder Litigation Shareholders

Fee Shifting Bylaw Provisions May Face Constitutional Limitation

The corporate governance world has been disquieted by Delaware Supreme Court Justice Carolyn Berger’s recent opinion that upheld the validity of a fee-shifting bylaw provision in the bylaws of a Delaware non-stock...more

6/2/2014 - ATP Tours Bylaws Corporate Governance Delaware General Corporation Law Fee-Shifting Statutes Proposed Amendments

A Shot In A Mug Of Beer May Not Be The Answer To This Exclusive Forum Bylaw Case

In March, Safeway and Albertsons announced that they had entered into a definitive merger agreement. As night follows day, litigation ensued. At least 12 class action complaints were filed by alleged stockholders of...more

5/12/2014 - Albertsons Bylaws Class Action Federal Jurisdiction Forum Selection Clause Internal Affairs Doctrine Merger Agreements Mergers Safeway Inc Shareholder Litigation Shareholders

A Question Of Nomenclature – The GCL Versus The CCC

A colleague recently asked me why some Bylaws refer to both the California Corporations Code and the California General Corporation Law. The simple answer is that these aren’t the same thing. The General Corporation Law is...more

11/14/2013 - Bylaws Corporations Code

Responding To Professor Bainbridge’s Response

Last week, Professor Stephen Bainbridge posted this response to my post on post on exclusive forum selection bylaws in light of Chancellor Strine’s opinion in Boilermakers Local 154 Retirement Fund v. Chevron Corporation,...more

7/2/2013 - Bylaws Choice-of-Venue Forum Jury Trial State and Local Government

Another Possible Exception To Exclusive Forum Bylaws

Yesterday, I discussed several vulnerabilities of exclusive forum bylaws should they be challenged in California. The California General Corporation Law includes many provisions that expressly subject foreign corporations to...more

6/28/2013 - Board of Directors Bylaws Corporate Governance Foreign Corporations

Forum Selection Bylaws – Why A California Court May Not Follow Delaware

Forum selection bylaws are likely to become even more popular after this week’s decision in Boilermakers Local 154 Retirement Fund v. Chevron Corporation, C.A. No. 7220-CS (Del. Ch. June 25, 2013). In that case, Chancellor...more

6/27/2013 - Bylaws Contract Interpretation Forum Selection Clause

Are Charter Indemnification Provisions Contracts?

Public companies typically include provisions in their articles and bylaws that mandate indemnification of directors and officers. Often, these provisions include a statement to the effect that the rights to indemnification...more

1/29/2013 - Articles of Incorporation Bylaws Directors Indemnification Clauses Officers

Forum Selection Bylaws And The California Constitution

Last December, I briefly discussed whether a forum selection bylaw with respect to officers and directors would pass muster as a contractual choice of law. See A Forum Selection Clause Issue That You May Not Have Heard About...more

1/15/2013 - Bylaws Choice-of-Law Directors Forum Selection Clause Officers Waivers

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