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Nevada Now Requiring Director Names Upon Incorporation

Until this month, incorporators of Nevada corporations to file an initial list of its officers and directors on or before the last day of the first month after filing the initial articles of incorporation (unless the...more

Can Pseudo-Foreign Corporations Exonerate Their Directors?

Corporations Code Section 2115 is not an easy read. Fortunately, California Supreme Court Chief Justice Tani Cantil-Sakauye has provided a more digestible overview of the statute...more

Officers Of Foreign Corporations And The California Courts

Yesterday’s post concerned Section 2116 of the California Corporations Code. Courts sometimes describe Section 2116 as codifying the internal affairs doctrine. See, e.g., Vaughn v. LJ Internat., Inc., 174 Cal. App. 4th 213,...more

Enforceability Of Exclusive Forum Bylaw May Hinge On The Meaning Of “May”

No California appellate court has yet addressed the validity of forum selection bylaws in a published decision. When the question comes before a California appellate court, the outcome may turn on the meaning of “may” in...more

This Foreign Corporation’s Status May Be Forfeited, But The Resident Agent Remains

A recent ruling by U.S. District Court Judge Otis D. Wright II illustrates how it may be easier to enter California than to leave it. Real v. St. Jude Med., Inc., 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 47081 (C.D. Cal. Mar. 29, 2017)...more

What, Pray Tell, Is A “Foreign Corporation”?

Earlier this week, I wrote about Wellisch v. Pa. Higher Educ. Assistance Agency, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 40831 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 21, 2017). The issue was whether the defendant, Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency,...more

Interstate Versus Intrastate Business – What’s The Difference?

Some words are easily confused such as hyperthermia and hypothermia. In the case of the former, one is overheated and in the case of the latter, one is not warm enough. The difference becomes more understandable when one...more

Nevada Legislature Mulls Codification Of The Internal Affairs Doctrine

Delaware and Nevada are each in the business of marketing their corporate laws to businesses in other states. Thus, it should surprise no one that these states don’t appreciate it when their legal offerings are undermined by...more

Incorporating In Delaware May Not Eliminate Director Liability Under This California Statute

Some readers may have skipped this week’s posts discussing director liability under California Corporations Code Section 316 on the theory that the statute applies only to directors of corporations incorporated under the...more

What Law Governs Real Property Conveyances By Foreign Corporations?

Consider the following fact pattern - Joe is the Chief Executive Officer of Transient, Inc., a Delaware corporation that is headquartered in Dallas, Texas. Transient’s sole asset is 100 acres of undeveloped land in...more

Does California Corporate Law Really Govern 20% of All Public Companies?

On Tuesday, the Deal Professor (aka Berkeley Law School Professor Steven Davidoff Solomon) wrote an interesting column for The New York Times’ Dealb%k. According to the Professor, California is the headquarters state for 20%...more

Will The Rise Of Tweener Corporations Increase Focus On California’s Annual Report Statute?

Earlier this week, The Wall Street Journal published two articles by Rolfe Winkler concerning shareholder access to financial information in companies not subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities Exchange Act...more

Why Delaware Corporations Should Worry About California Law When Making Dividends

When paying a dividend to shareholders, California corporations are subject to Chapter 5 of the California Corporations Code. Corporations incorporated in Delaware and other states may also be subject to Chapter 5 if they...more

Inspecting Foreign Corporation Shareholder Lists

Recently, I’ve written about the “absolute” right of shareholders to inspect the shareholders list pursuant to California Corporations Code Section 1600. Readers at, or representing, foreign corporations may have skipped...more

How California Made Mergers Potentially More Difficult

The last two sentences of Section 1101 of the Corporations Code can be an unwonted surprise to some practitioners. They are intended to ensure fair treatment of shareholders in a merger by imposing two requirements...more

Why Some Delaware Corporations Will Want To Waive This California Statute

In yesterday’s post, I commented on a recent ruling by former Vice Chancellor John W. Noble to the effect that “Delaware disclosure law which generally does not require disclosures to shareholders unless shareholder action is...more

9th Circuit Holds Subsidiary Could Be The General Manager Of Its Parent

Section 2110 of the California Corporations Code governs service of process on a foreign corporation. One means of valid service under the statute is by delivering process by hand to the corporation’s general manager in...more

Where To Meet? The Answer May Have Surprising Consequences

In my experience, companies most often hold board and shareholder meetings at or near their principal executive offices . As a result, many corporations hold their meetings in California even though they may be incorporated...more

Officers And The Internal Affairs Doctrine

My guess is that most attorneys would say that the duty of an officer to the corporation are governed by the law of the state of incorporation under the “internal affairs doctrine”.  As explained by the U.S. Supreme Court,...more

Out-of-State M&A Lawyer Can Be Sued In California

Many M&A transactions are negotiated across state lines.  When an out-of-state lawyer misrepresents facts in a phone call and email to a lawyer in California, do those communications render the foreign lawyer amenable to suit...more

Some California General Corporation Law Nonsense

Recently, I gave a brief presentation concerning various provisions of the California General Corporation Law that could apply to corporations incorporated outside of California.  I emphasized that the CGCL defines the terms...more

Why Foreign Corporations Might Not Care Where You Live

I noticed the following description of California’s principal “pseudo-foreign” corporation statute in a recently filed registration statement: Section 2115(b) of the California Corporations Code imposes certain...more

Another Dubious Assertion Concerning Section 2115

I have often written about numerous provisions of the California Corporations Code that expressly apply to foreign corporations meeting specified tests. The most famous, but not the only, statute of this breed is Section...more

Court Of Appeals Holds No ERISA Preemption Of Section 419(b)

The Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals’ recent holding in Sender v. Franklin Res., Inc., 2015 U.S. App. LEXIS 10113 (9th Cir. Cal. June 16, 2015) is reasonably clear and yet there is much about the case that puzzles...more

California’s Bizarre Voting Records Disclosure Requirement

Some statutes are so poorly drafted that one hardly knows where to begin. One such statute is Section 711 of the California Corporations Code. According to the legislature, the purpose of the statute is “to serve the public...more

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