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Scienter In The News Again

In May, I wrote about Judge Gonzolo P. Curiel’s decision to grant the defendants’ motion to dismiss federal and state securities law claims in Mueller v. San Diego Entm’t Partners, LLC, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77643 (S.D. Cal....more

A Permit To Negotiate – Really?

It is sometimes forgotten that the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 makes it unlawful to either offer or sell a security in California in an issuer transaction unless that the sale has been qualified or exempt from...more

District Court Rules Plaintiff Failed To Plead Real Estate Investment Was A “Security”

Both the Securities Act of 1933 and the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 provide similar, but not the same, definitions of a “security”. See Making A List Of Securities And Checking It Twice. Although these lists...more

Must A False Statement To A Franchisee Be Made “In this state”?

The list of instruments and interests included within the definition of a “security” in California Corporations Code Section 25019 is long. A franchise, however, is not to be found amongst the named. In fact, the statute...more

Must A Security Be Written?

In yesterday’s post, I covered some of the differences between the laundry lists of securities found in the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 and the Securities Act of 1933. Both lists seem to contemplate...more

Making A List Of Securities And Checking It Twice

California Corporations Code Section 25019 defines “security” not by saying what a security is but by providing examples of numerous types of securities. In this respect, Section 25019 is reminiscent of Section 2(a)(1) of...more

1/5/2017  /  Corporations Code , Securities

Solon And The California Constitution

Article IV, Section 8 of the California Constitution requires that to be passed, a bill must first be read...more

If It Doesn’t Sell Buckets, Is It Truly A Bucket Shop?

An often overlooked corner of the California Corporations Code is the Bucket Shop Law, Cal. Corp. Code § 29000 et seq. The law quite literally criminalizes the keeping of a bucket shop: "Any person who . . . is the keeper of...more

California’s Secured Promissory Note Exemption

The line between real property transactions and securities transactions is not always clear.  California Corporations Code Section 25100(p) provides an exemption for a promissory note secured by a lien on real property...more

What Exactly Is “Constructive Engagement”?

Yesterday, I wrote about SB 185 (De León) which mandates that California’s two giant pension funds to liquidate their investments in thermal coal companies on or before July 1, 2017.  One aspect of the bill that I didn’t...more

A Criminal Waste Of Space Foments Securities Law Problem

California Court of Appeal Justice William W. Bedsworth writes the popular syndicated column “A Criminal Waste of Space”.  In this month’s column, Justice Bedsworth expounds on the highly improbable case of a man who...more

Overcoming A Securities Overissue

I like to remind my colleagues that California has two securities laws. Neither of these laws applies exclusively to corporations or other entities organized under California law.  The Corporate Securities Law of 1968, Cal....more

California Reverts To Former Securities Anti-Fraud Statute

Readers of this blog will recall my chariness of a 2013 amendment to California’s basic securities anti-fraud statute.  See California Creates Complete Chaos By Rewriting Anti-Fraud Statute, But “We Are Against Fraud Aren’t...more

California’s Bizarre Voting Records Disclosure Requirement

Some statutes are so poorly drafted that one hardly knows where to begin. One such statute is Section 711 of the California Corporations Code. According to the legislature, the purpose of the statute is “to serve the public...more

Failure To Disclose Finder’s Fee Found Not To Be Actionable

This interesting, but atypical case, involves one of the many possible issues that can arise from the use of unlicensed finders to raise securities. Five years ago, Daniel Azouri met Marvin Lipschultz at the Cannes...more

Court Finds No “Road of Imprudence” or “Chasm of Equity” In Section 25501

Faithful readers of this blog will be familiar with the structure of the California Corporate Securities Law. Part 5 of the CSL (Cal. Corp. Code §§ 25400 – 25404) proscribes various conduct and Part 6 (Cal. Corp. Code §§...more

Stock Repurchases: “We Can’t Think Of Anything Better To Do With Your Money”

The Wall Street Journal took aim yesterday at stock repurchases and dividend payments, citing a commissioned study that concluded: “companies in the S&P 500 index sharply increased their spending on dividends and...more

Are LLC Interests Securities in California?

Does California consider membership interests in a limited liability company to be securities? There are two correct answers to this question – yes and no. As I discussed a few years back, the California Corporate Securities...more

Applying Today’s Statute To Yesterday’s Offer And Sale

In September 2013, Governor Jerry Brown signed SB 538 (Hill) into law. This bill fundamentally rewrote a key anti-fraud provision of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 – Corporations Code Section 25401. At the time, I...more

Removing California Securities Legends

When I first started practicing law, the predominant exemption from qualification under the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 was found in Corporations Code Section 25102(h). Although that exemption remains on the...more

Recurrent Rogations Regarding California’s Section 25102(f) Exemption

Section 25102(f) is perhaps the most commonly used exemption from qualification under the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968. Here are just a few of the questions that the Department of Business Oversight receives...more

This May Not Be Rocket Science, But Is NASAA’s Form D Filing Fee Legal?

Earlier this week, the North American Securities Administrators Association (aka NASAA) announced the launch of its Electronic Filing Depository (EFD). The EFD allows issuers to file Form Ds in Rule 506 offerings online. A...more

Ninth Circuit Requires Particularity In All Elements Of Securities Fraud Pleading

Sometimes, I find it useful to take a step back and review the legal standard applicable to securities fraud claims under Section 10(b) and Rule 10b-5. To stay in court, and securities litigation all about surviving motions...more

Why Including The Year Of Enactment Can Be Important

Several provisions of the California Corporate Securities Law of 1968 need to be brought up to date. Section 25100(i) is one of them. That section exempts from the qualification requirements of Sections 25110, 25120 and...more

10/16/2014  /  CPUC , Securities , Utilities Sector

Really? Requiring Someone To Use Information “Fairly And Lawfully” Can Be Illegal?

Companies have lots of very good reasons for adopting codes of conduct. These reasons include: - Ensuring compliance with applicable exchange listing rules (e.g., NYSE Rule 303A.10 and NASDAQ Rule 5610); -...more

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