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More On Revlon Duties In California

Following yesterday’s post concerning the status of Revlon duties in California, I received a note from Suzanne Weakley, an attorney at the California Continuing Education of the BAR (aka the CEB). For those readers not...more

Fractions And Squeeze Outs

The last two posts have discussed what a corporation may do with fractions of shares. I entitled the first of these posts “Breaking Up Is Not Hard To Do – Fractions, Scrip And Scrippage” in partial reference to the song by...more

I Deliver Some Round Observations About California’s Rounding Rule

Yesterday’s post concerned various actions that a California corporation may pursue in lieu of issuing fractional shares. I left for today the subject of rounding. Section 407 of the Corporations Code expressly permits...more

Court Addresses “Fair Value” Determination In Statutory Buyout Proceeding

When when a shareholder sues for involuntary dissolution, the corporation, or the holders of 50% or more of the voting power of the corporation, may avoid the dissolution by purchasing for cash the plaintiff’s shares at their...more

Court Rules Coequal Stockholders Owe Fiduciary Duties To Each Other

Stockholders in closely held corporations often operate their companies as if they were partnerships. Does that mean that the stockholders, like partners, owe fiduciary duties to each other?...more

Genealogy And The Corporate Lawyer

Who is family and how close are they? These aren’t questions that typically occupy the mind of a corporate lawyer. Occasionally, however, consanguinity matters even to a corporate lawyer. Thus, Section 308 of the...more

Inspecting Foreign Corporation Shareholder Lists

Recently, I’ve written about the “absolute” right of shareholders to inspect the shareholders list pursuant to California Corporations Code Section 1600. Readers at, or representing, foreign corporations may have skipped...more

More On Inspecting The Shareholder List And The Regulation Of Alien Implants

Yesterday’s post discussed California’s “absolute” right of shareholders to inspect the shareholder list established by Section 1600 of the California Corporations Code. Some additional points are briefly worth noting...more

Inspecting The Shareholder List

Section 1600(a) of the California General Corporation Law establishes the “absolute right” of a shareholder or shareholders to inspect the shareholder list. To be eligible to exercise this right, the shareholder or...more

How California Made Mergers Potentially More Difficult

The last two sentences of Section 1101 of the Corporations Code can be an unwonted surprise to some practitioners. They are intended to ensure fair treatment of shareholders in a merger by imposing two requirements...more

What 19 Eminent Law Professors Would Have You Believe

UCLA Law School Professor Stephen Bainbridge yesterday highlighted an amicus curiae brief filed recently by 19 law professors in Freidrichs v. California Teachers Ass’n. That case, which is now pending before the U.S....more

I’m Guessing That The DOL Didn’t Have in Mind Negative Weighing OF ESG Factors

In this post, I noted a recent study by Professor Tracie Woidtke at the University of Tennessee concluding that social-issue shareholder-proposal activism appears to be negatively related to firm value. I therefore raised...more

Nevada Supreme Court Opines On Scope Of Debtor’s Exemption For Stock

NRS 78.746 provides that, with several qualifications, the exclusive remedy of judgment creditors with respect to the stock in a relatively closely held corporation is to charge a stockholder’s shares.  To the extent so...more

New Law Attempts To Clarify Legal Status Of LLC Employee Membership Purchase And Option Plans

California Labor Code Section 407 may be a bit of a surprise to many lawyers both in and outside of the state.  It provides: Investments and the sale of stock or an interest in a business in connection with the securing of a...more

Two Is Not A Lot And It’s Certainly Not Extensive

Vice Chancellor J. Travis Laster’s ruling in In re Aruba Networks, Inc. Stockholder Litigation, C.A. No. 10765-VCL has received widespread coverage.  See, e.g., Kevin LaCroix, Game Over?: Del. Chancery Court Rejects...more

Failure To Follow Up Demand Dooms Derivative Suit

Shareholders wanting to pursue a derivative suit all come to the same fork in the road.  One fork is to make a demand.  The other is to file a lawsuit and allege that demand would have been futile.  Most plaintiffs choose the...more

Does The Power To Choose Not Include The Power To Remove?

Last week I wrote about Vice Chancellor John W. Noble’s ruling in Gorman v. Salamone, C.A. No. 10183-VCN (Del. Ch. July 31, 2015) that a stockholder adopted bylaw empowering stockholders to remove officers is invalid.  The...more

Did You Ever Wonder What You Might Do In California But Not Delaware?

A recent decision by the Delaware Court of Chancery tackles the question of whether a stockholder may adopt a bylaw granting stockholders the right to remove officers.  In Gorman v. Salamone, C.A. No. 10183-VCN (Del. Ch. July...more

50% Shareholder Denied Say In Defense Of Corporation

If two shareholders each own one half of the outstanding shares of a corporation, one might expect that they would have an equal say in just about everything.  It turns out that in some circumstances they won’t....more

CalPERS Claims Success; Proxy Monitor Says CalPERS Success Leads To Lower Stock Prices

“Fair is Foul, and Foul is Fair” - In this press release issued last week, CalPERS congratulated itself on the “success” of its proxy voting initiatives:...more

Court Declines To Declare “S” Corporation Shareholders’ Agreement Unenforceable

In general, shareholders of a corporation that has elected to be taxed under Subchapter S of the Internal Revenue Code are taxed on corporate profits regardless of whether the corporation makes any distribution of those...more

No Calm In Delaware After Calma v. Templeton

In derivative suits, cases are essentially lost and won at the motion to dismiss stage.  Unless the defendants succeed in winning dismissal, they must confront an unhappy choice between continued litigation with all of its...more

Court Rules Shareholders May Be Sued In De Facto Dissolution

California Corporations Code Section 2011 provides that causes of action against a dissolved corporation, whether arising before or after dissolution, may be enforced against its shareholders if any of the assets of the...more

Before Rapunzel There Was Rudabeh

In Koehler v. NetSpend Holdings, Inc., 2013 Del. Ch. LEXIS 131 (Del. Ch. May 21, 2013), Vice Chancellor Sam Glasscock III wrote “In fact, NetSpend appears more Rapunzel than Penelope; she must, it seems, let down her hair or...more

No Pay Bylaws Fall Short Of Ending Forced Subsidization

In a post published yesterday on The Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance and Financial Regulation, Delaware lawyer A. Thompson Bayliss and Mark Mixon write that no pay provisions “could transform stockholder...more

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