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Guidance For North-South Spinoffs

The IRS continues to issue guidance in the much debated area of corporate spinoffs. A recently published ruling examined the federal income tax treatment of the two steps that comprise a so-called “north-south” transaction.”...more

Why Care About Business Valuation? Part II

Valuations figure prominently in determining the proper tax treatment of transactions – such as sales, loans, leases, and performance of services – between related taxpayers, including, for example, commonly-controlled...more

Why Care About Business Valuation? Part I

One word: “taxes.” There are so many transactions in which the tax consequences visited upon a closely-held business and its owners, and, therefore the true economic cost of the transaction, will depend upon the valuation of...more

Paying The Estate Tax

An Unreasonable Burden? One of the reasons often given in support of the elimination of the estate tax is the economic burden it imposes upon the closely-held business; specifically, the requirement that the 40% federal...more

S-Corps, Basis & Loss Limitations

In General- It is a basic principle of federal tax law that a taxpayer cannot, for purposes of determining the taxpayer’s taxable income, claim a loss with respect to an investment in excess of the taxpayer’s unrecovered...more

Beyond Purchase Price: The Tax Treatment of M&A Deal Costs

Recovering Transaction Costs - It is a basic tax principle that the more a seller pays in taxes on the sale of its business, the lower will be the economic benefit realized on the sale; similarly, the more slowly that a...more

Foreign Investment in U.S. Real Property: Gift And Estate Tax Considerations

Last week, we reviewed the various U.S. federal income tax consequences that may be visited upon a foreign person who owns and operates U.S. real property (“USRP”). Today we will consider the U.S. federal gift and estate tax...more

Tax Considerations For The Closely-Held Foreign Investor In U.S. Real Property – Part II

Aside from planning for the taxation of U.S.-sourced rental income, the foreigner must plan for the disposition of the USRP pursuant to a sale. The taxation of gain realized by a foreigner on the sale of an interest in...more

Tax Considerations For The Closely-Held Foreign Investor In U.S. Real Property – Part I

Over the last few years, we have received an ever-increasing number of inquiries from “foreigners” who are interested in acquiring U.S. real property (“USRP”). Some of these foreigners – meaning closely-held business...more

Private Foundations: A Primer for the Business Owner

Many successful business owners attribute some part of their financial success to their community. The term “community” may have a different meaning from one business owner to another. In some cases, it may refer to the...more

An Overview Of The NYC Business Tax Environment

“If I can make it there, I’ll make it anywhere.” So begins one of the most iconic of musical tributes to New York City. It is sung at every Yankees game. It sums up the feelings of thousands of aspiring artists. As it turns,...more

A Buyer’s Guide to Acquiring Target’s Assets With A Stepped-Up Basis

The last few posts have focused upon the “tax-free” contribution of property to a partnership. Today, we’re “doing a 180,” as they say (whoever “they” are), and considering how the acquisition of assets may be structured so...more

Effecting Exchanges of Property Through a Partnership

In the last two posts, we saw how a Taxpayer who transfers Property A to a partnership (“Partnership”) in exchange for an equity interest therein will not be required to recognize the gain realized on the transfer. This gain...more

Protecting Tax Deferral for A Contribution to A Partnership

When a taxpayer (“Taxpayer”) sells a property (“Property”) with a fair market value (“FMV”) in excess of Taxpayer’s basis in Property in exchange for cash in an arm’s-length transaction, the amount of gain that he realizes on...more

When A “Tax Free” Exchange May Not Be Free of Tax

“Tax free” – two words that often bring great delight when they are spoken by a tax adviser to the owner of a business, whether he is considering the disposition of a single asset, or of substantially all of the assets, of...more

N.Y.’s 2018 Budget Proposal: Tax Proposals To Watch

Last month, Governor Cuomo presented his budget proposal for NY State’s 2017- 2018 fiscal year. Included in the proposal were a number of tax provisions that should be of interest to closely-held businesses and their owners....more

Reporting A Closely Held U.S. Corporation’s Overseas Activities

We have heard a lot about large, publicly-traded U.S. corporations that have parked trillions of dollars overseas to avoid the payment of U.S. income tax. We have heard how the tax system must be seriously broken to have so...more

Shareholder Liability For Corporate Income Tax?

Limited Liability - In general, the creditors of a corporation cannot recover the corporation’s debts from its shareholders—the shareholders enjoy the benefit of limited liability protection as a matter of state law....more

Rolling Over Target Equity Into A PE Fund: Part II

Roll-Over: Tax Issue - Picking up on yesterday’s discussion, how can a PEF reconcile its preference to acquire a depreciable or amortizable basis for its target’s assets while, at the same time, affording the target’s...more

Rolling Over Target Equity Into A PE Fund: Part I

For many business owners, the final step of a successful career may be the sale of their business. At that point, the investment into which the owners have dedicated so much time, effort and money is liquidated, leaving them...more

Loans Between Related Entities

What Was Intended? Over the last thirty years, I have reviewed the income tax returns of many closely held corporations and partnerships. Quite often, on Schedule L (the balance sheet), I will see an entry for “other...more

When Investing In A Partnership May Be A Tax Problem

A business entity that is treated as a “flow-through” for income tax purposes enjoys the benefit of a single level of tax – the entity itself is typically not subject to tax on its net income; rather, that income “flows...more

Who Is The Taxpayer?

Back to Basics - This is not a silly question. In fact, it is often one of the most difficult issues confronted by a tax adviser, and it arises from one of the most basic of tax principles; specifically, that income is...more

For What Does It Profit A Man To Save His Partnership Yet Forfeit His Ability To Pay His Taxes?

According to statistical data released by the IRS earlier this year, the examination rate for partnership tax returns has been increasing significantly over the last couple of years; of course, this includes returns filed by...more

Disposing of Real Property in a Tax-Advantaged Manner

Many of our clients are heavily invested in real property. In some cases, this investment may be a single property in a prime location; in others, the client (and maybe his family) is in the business of owning and operating a...more

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