Michael Kennedy

Michael Kennedy

MERITAS - Law Firms Worldwide

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Guide To Doing Business in New Zealand: Regulation of Foreign Investment

REGULATION OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT - One of the first matters a foreign company or investor must consider when planning to invest in New Zealand is the impact of New Zealand’s foreign investment policy....more

10/16/2014 - Foreign Investment International Labor Laws International Tax Issues New Zealand

Guide To Doing Business in New Zealand: Major Forms of Business Organisation

A foreign company or investor proposing to establish a business in New Zealand may choose from a number of different entities or forms of business organisation. Each of these forms has its advantages and disadvantages....more

10/14/2014 - Business Formation Choice of Entity New Zealand

Guide To Doing Business in Australia: Employment and Industrial Laws

EMPLOYMENT AND INDUSTRIAL LAWS - TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF EMPLOYMENT - Employment relationships in Australia are regulated at a number of levels and by a range of statutory and quasi-statutory instruments. Which...more

10/8/2014 - Australia Employment Contract Employment Policies Regulatory Standards

Guide To Doing Business in Australia: Exchange Control

EXCHANGE CONTROL: Generally, there are no exchange controls in Australia. However, taking currency notes (in any currency) to the value of AUD10,000 or more must be reported. In some cases there may be financial...more

10/2/2014 - Australia Capital Controls Currency Exchange Foreign Currency Sanctions

Guide To Doing Business in Australia: Entry To Australia

ENTRY TO AUSTRALIA - Before reading this information, please be aware the information provided is not intended to be legal advice or to be acted upon without further consultation. Because of the complex maze of...more

9/30/2014 - Australia Business Formation Incentives Visas

Guide To Doing Business in Australia: Competition and Consumer Protection

COMPETITION AND CONSUMER PROTECTION - Australia has extensive competition and consumer laws dealing with, among other things, the promotion of competition and consumer protection. This section provides an introduction...more

9/25/2014 - Acquisitions Australia Competition Act Consumer Protection Act Copyright Corporate Taxes Foreign Investment Labor Code Mergers Price-Fixing Trademarks TRIPS Agreement WTO

Guide To Doing Business in Australia: Court and Legal System

COURT AND LEGAL SYSTEM - The Australian legal system is modelled on the English common law system of judge-made (or case) law and written (statutory) law made by the various parliaments. The federal and state...more

9/23/2014 - Australia Banking Sector Business Formation Foreign Investment Labor Code

Guide To Doing Business in Australia: Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property: There are a variety of laws dealing with the protection of intellectual property (IP) in Australia. These laws provide for the creation of legal rights to the exclusive use or ownership of...more

9/18/2014 - Australia Business Formation Economic Development Foreign Investment Popular Trade Secrets

Guide To Doing Business in Australia: Taxation

TAXATION - It is not possible to give a complete outline of the scope of the taxation system in this guide. A brief outline of the basic taxation principles and some of the major forms of taxation are discussed below....more

9/16/2014 - Australia Corporate Taxes Customs Fringe Benefits Income Taxes International Tax Issues

Guide to Doing Business in Australia: Company Law

COMPANY LAW - Some general matters relating to company law in Australia are discussed below. REGULATORY SCHEME - The Corporations Act principally regulates companies, their incorporation, the acquisition...more

9/11/2014 - Australia Foreign Investment Regulatory Standards Securities

Guide to Doing Business in Australia: An Introduction to Australia

AN INTRODUCTION TO AUSTRALIA - Australia is a federation comprised of six states and two territories. The federal government, based in the capital city of Canberra, is known as the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia...more

9/9/2014 - Acquisitions Australia Choice of Entity Foreign Investment Mergers Partnerships Regulation Startups Trade Policy

Guide to Doing Business in Australia: Regulation of Foreign Investment

REGULATION OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT - One of the first matters a foreign investor must consider when planning to invest in Australia is the impact of Australia’s foreign investment policy. REGULATION...more

9/4/2014 - Australia Foreign Investment International Labor Laws

Guide to Doing Business in Australia: Major Forms of Business Organisation

MAJOR FORMS OF BUSINESS ORGANISATION - A foreign company or investor proposing to establish a business in Australia may choose from a number of different entities or forms of business organisation. Each of these forms...more

9/2/2014 - Australia Foreign Corporations Foreign Investment International Labor Laws

Doing Business in Canada: Aboriginal Law

ABORIGINAL LAW: Canadian law has long recognized the rights of aboriginal peoples, sometimes called First Nations, as the first occupiers of the land. With the founding of Canada in 1867 constitutional powers were...more

8/8/2014 - Aboriginal Issues Canada First Nations

Doing Business in Canada: International Trade

INTERNATIONAL TRADE - USING THE CANADIAN FREE TRADE AGREEMENT IN YOUR BUSINESS - Canada is a center of global trade. In addition to the well-known North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Canada has entered...more

8/5/2014 - Canada Free Trade Agreement International Labor Laws NAFTA

Doing Business in Canada: Bankruptcy and Insolvency

BANKRUPTCY & INSOLVENCY - In Canada, an “insolvent company” (or “person”) refers to an entity which is not bankrupt and which resides, carries on business or has property in Canada; and which is unable to meet or has...more

7/31/2014 - Canada CCAA Commercial Bankruptcy Debt Restructuring Insolvency Receivership Restructuring

Doing Business in Canada: Directors' Liabilities

DIRECTORS’ LIABILITIES - In Canada, there is a legal duty for every director and officer of a corporation to act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the corporation when exercising his/her...more

7/29/2014 - Board of Directors Breach of Duty Canada Corporate Officers Directors Fiduciary Duty Liability Personal Liability

Doing Business in Canada: Immigration Restrictions

IMMIGRATION RESTRICTIONS - This section provides a general overview of immigration solutions for foreigners entering Canada as business visitors or temporary workers, including basic information about the visa...more

7/25/2014 - Canada Immigrants International Labor Laws Temporary Employees Visas

Doing Business in Canada: Employment Law

EMPLOYMENT LAW - THE EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP - There are many different types of relationships which businesses can have with the people and corporations who perform services for the business, including but not...more

7/22/2014 - Canada Employee Definition Employer Liability Issues Hiring & Firing Independent Contractors Partnerships

Doing Business in Canada: Investment Incentives

INVESTMENT INCENTIVES - Generally, Canadian companies are expected to be self-supporting, but for companies involved in export development, there are several types of investment incentive programs which are designed to...more

7/17/2014 - Business Formation Canada Exports Foreign Investment Incentives Municipalities Shareholders Tax Credits Venture Capital

Doing Business in Canada: Marketing & Labeling Legislation

MARKETING & LABELING LEGISLATION - In Canada, the federal Competition Act prohibits certain marketing activities, which include: • Resale price maintenance • Predatory pricing • Price discrimination •...more

7/15/2014 - Canada Competition Act Labeling Marketing Proposed Legislation

Doing Business in Canada: Privacy

Canada has enacted generally applicable privacy laws that govern most private sector activities. Each province and the federal government also have privacy and freedom of information legislation that governs government...more

7/10/2014 - Canada International Labor Laws Jurisdiction PIPEDA Privacy Laws

Doing Business in Canada: E-Commerce

E-COMMERCE - Canada has a vibrant Internet community. Because of the great expansion of the Internet in Canadian homes and businesses, Canada and its provinces have, in recent years, regulated Internet activity and...more

7/8/2014 - Acquisitions Banks Canada Choice of Entity Corporate Taxes Currency Exchange Distributors Economic Development Foreign Investment Internet Joint Venture Jurisdiction Mergers NAFTA Regulation Repatriation

Doing Business in Canada: Intellectual Property Protection

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY PROTECTION - Effectively protecting a business’s intellectual property rights has become an increasingly important element of safeguarding the success of many businesses nowadays. The following is...more

7/3/2014 - Banking Sector Canada Copyright Employment Policies Energy Policy Environmental Policies Foreign Corporations Foreign Investment Healthcare Industrial Design Patents Tax Incentives Trademarks

Doing Business in Canada: Environmental Law

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW - Over the last decade, there has been increasing awareness and concern at local, national and international levels in relation to the effects that human activities have on the environment. In...more

7/1/2014 - Canada Environmental Policies Federal Jurisdiction Regulatory Standards

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