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Placement of Checkbox Can Make or Break a Clickwrap Agreement

The enforceability of a wrap agreement (browsewrap, clickwrap and shrinkwrap) can often turn on what to the untrained eye may be mere minutiae. Such minutiae can include the nuances of the design of a website. For example, in...more

Another Invalidated Clickwrap Agreement

The foremost case dealing with whether “wrap agreements” (e.g. clickwrap, shrinkwrap and browsewrap) are legal is almost 13 years old. See Specht v. Netscape Commc’ns Corp., 306 F.3d 17 (2d Cir. 2002). And yet, a new case...more

Update: Transaction Processors Appeal Order Denying Third-Party Fees after Cyber Attack

In early February, this blog discussed a case involving a grocery store chain that was a victim of a cyber-attack and its transaction processors. See Schnuck Mrkts. v. First Data Merchant Servs Corp., No. 4:13-cv-2226-JAR,...more

Losses Associated with Cyberattack at Grocery Store do not Override Liability Cap

Grocery stores have been hit with a number of suits by their customers in recent years after a cyberattack of the store leads to a theft of customer financial information. Another type of suit arises frequently when such...more

Follow up to Beyond Borders: The Reach of Motorola Mobility LLC v. AU Optronics Corp.

In October, we wrote about the Seventh Circuit’s reconsideration of Motorola Mobility LLC v. AU Optronics Corp., 746 F.3d 842 (7th Cir. 2014) and the reach of the Sherman Act and the Foreign Trade Antitrust Improvements Act...more

Subscriber Does Not Have Fourth Amendment Privacy Interest in Own IP Data

In 2012, the Supreme Court decided the case of United States v. Jones, 132 S. Ct. 945 (2012). Jones involved the government's use of a GPS tracking device on a vehicle and the information gleaned therefrom. The holding was...more

Trolls Under the Bridge: FTC Proposes Settlement with Patent Assertion Entity

On November 6, 2014, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) issued a press release regarding a proposed settlement that would bar the company, MPHJ Technology Investments, LLC (MPHJ), from making deceptive representations when...more

Beyond Borders: The Power to Block the International Flow of Digital Files

With the advance of digital technology, courts are being forced to deal with the legal ramifications beyond the borders of the United States. In a previous post, we discussed the potential impact of the decision in Motorola...more

How Have Courts Interpreted the Recent Guidance of the Supreme Court on When to Afford Attorneys’ Fees Under the Patent Act?

During the last term, the Supreme Court issued a number of opinions related to patents. One of these opinions was Octane Fitness, LLC v. ICON Health & Fitness, Inc., 134 S. Ct. 1749, 188 L. Ed. 2d 816 (2014), a case dealing...more

Beyond Borders: The Reach of Motorola Mobility LLC v. AU Optronics Corp. et al.

On November 13, 2014, the Seventh Circuit will hear oral arguments on a motion for rehearing in Motorola Mobility LLC v. AU Optronics Corp. et al., to consider the reach of the Sherman Act outside of the United States borders...more

“Look and Feel” of a Website can Constitute Protectable Trade Dress

The United States District Court for the Northern District of California, in Ingrid & Isabel, LLC v. Baby Be Mine, LLC, --- F. Supp. 3d ----, 2014 WL 4954656 (N.D. Cal. 2014), in reviewing the arguments before it, attempted...more

Down the Rabbit Hole – The Impact of Alice on Software Patents

Software patents recently took another hit as courts continue down the rabbit hole following the Supreme Court decision in Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank Int’l, 134 S. Ct. 2347 (2014). In Alice, the Court held that claims to...more

Is a LinkedIn Contact List a Trade Secret? Potentially, Yes

As a LinkedIn user, the decision concerning whether to share your entire list of connections with any individual connection can often implicate a number of strategic questions. As of May 2014, LinkedIn boasts 300 million...more

Affiliate Marketer Can Survive Motion to Dismiss on Breach of Contract for Referrals

Affiliate marketers are a considerable cog in assisting companies, including search engines and online retailers, in guiding potential customers to click on sponsored links. In expediting the acquisition of potential...more

Fake Affiliate Registrations Can Trigger RICO Claims

The Racketeering Influenced Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) (18 U.S.C. § 1962) is a federal civil and criminal statute originally designed to thwart organized crime. It has been previously used to prosecute, among others,...more

Clicking “I Agree” Renders Mandatory Arbitration Provision Enforceable

Day in and day out, Internet users sign various forms of agreements for a variety of reasons, from joining a dating site, to participating in an online auction, to uploading media to a storage locker. These agreements,...more

Creating Fake Customer Reviews Site Could Be False Advertising and Trade Libel

As evidenced by the success and robust market capitalization of the consumer review site Yelp, Internet users are increasingly turning to "regular people" as a lodestar for whether to purchase goods or services. This is...more

Reviews Posted Under a Pseudonym Could be Defamatory

As written on this blog before, plaintiffs often have difficulty when alleging claims of defamation against anonymous defendants. Unsurprisingly, websites that provide a forum for anonymous commentary are loathe to reveal the...more

Message Board Post Highly Critical of Company is Opinion and Thus Not Defamatory

An essential defense to a defamation claim is "pure opinion." In other words, if the defendant can show that the statements alleged to be defamatory are opinions protected under the relevant free speech laws, the defamation...more

Sixth Circuit Vacates Lower Court Judgment and Awards Website Operator Immunity

In August of 2013, this blog wrote about the case Jones v. Dirty World Entertainment Recordings, LLC, 965 F. Supp. 2d 818 (E.D. Ky. 2013) ("Jones I"). As described then, Jones I dealt with the following set of facts...more

Virginia Supreme Court Agrees to Hear Appeal in Yelp Users Defamation Case

Yelp.com (Yelp) labels itself an "online urban guide." Specifically, the website allows users to write reviews about experiences at businesses they've visited. It also permits users to browse the posted reviews. The...more

Pejorative Statements by Former Patient are not Defamatory, but Protected Opinion

It is fair to say that doctors trade on their reputations more so than most other professionals. When one relies on the doctor to ensure his or her health, and occasionally save a life, the import of such a choice often...more

LabMD Attempt to Overturn FTC Decision Declared an Unripe Claim

As far as disputes between administrative agencies and investigated companies, this one has gotten particularly public and ugly. The dispute in question involves the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and LabMD Inc. (LabMD)...more

5/28/2014  /  Enforcement Actions , FTC , LabMD , Ripeness

The CFAA Does Not Apply To Facebook Photo Theft

The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA), codified at 18 U.S.C. § 1030 et seq, is a criminal statute that forbids, among other things, "intentionally access[ing] a protected computer, without authorization" when the access...more

"Deliberate Ignorance" Sufficient Mens Rea For Criminal Conviction Under DMCA

As a Circuit judge recently noted in dissent, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) strives to "achieve a balance between strengthening copyright law and preserving consumer rights, promoting technological innovation,...more

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