Tamara Bogosian

Tamara Bogosian

Best Best & Krieger LLP

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Is the Tide Turning on the Marijuana Legalization Conversation?

The California Blue Ribbon Commission on Marijuana Policy just changed the conversation on marijuana legalization. In the past, the discussion centered on decriminalization but not regulation. Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom, however,...more

7/24/2015 - Decriminalization of Marijuana Legislative Agendas Marijuana

California Supreme Court Holds Prosecutors Must File Pitchess Motions to Examine Police Personnel Records

Law Enforcement Agencies Should Seek Guidance When Prosecutors Ask to Review Officer-Witness Files - Prosecutors do not have unfettered access to confidential personnel records of police officers who are potential...more

7/16/2015 - Brady Violation Confidential Information Criminal Prosecution Duty to Disclose Employee Privacy Rights Personnel Records Pitchess Motions Police State Prosecutors

Law Enforcement in the 21st Century: How The Courts Are Responding

As published in PublicCEO* The world of law enforcement is changing rapidly. In the last few years, technology has advanced by leaps and bounds altering the way police officers do just about everything. New technology...more

6/17/2015 - Automatic License Plate Readers Body Worn Cameras Cell Phones Drones Fourth Amendment GPS Handheld Radar Devices Law Enforcement Police Privacy Concerns Reasonable Expectation of Privacy Search Warrant Technology

New Report Calls for Marijuana Legalization in California

Could loosening the criminal sanctions on the possession, cultivation and sale of marijuana in California save a significant amount of money for the state, cities and taxpayers while boosting tax revenue?...more

6/16/2015 - Decriminalization of Marijuana Dispensaries Information Reports Marijuana Medical Marijuana Revenue Growth Tax Revenues

BB&K Police Bulletin: Arresting Armed, Mentally Ill Suspects

Officers May Have Immunity from Liability, Supreme Court Says - Overview: The United States Supreme Court found that two police officers were immune from liability under 42 U.S.C. section 1983 even if the officers failed...more

6/1/2015 - ADA Arrest Disabled Mental Illness Police Qualified Immunity Reasonable Accommodation SCOTUS Section 1983

U.S. Supreme Court Rules Prolonging Traffic Stop to Conduct Dog Sniff is Unconstitutional

Overview: Police may not extend a routine traffic stop to give a police dog time to conduct a search for narcotics, the United States Supreme Court held this week. The Court determined that, absent reasonable suspicion,...more

4/27/2015 - Law Enforcement Rodriguez v US SCOTUS Traffic Stops Warrantless Searches

GPS Monitoring of Sex Offenders Is a Fourth Amendment Search

U.S. Supreme Court Decision Another Reminder that Sex Offender Restrictions are Under Scrutiny - Forcing someone to wear an ankle bracelet to monitor her or his location is a Fourth Amendment search, the U.S. Supreme...more

4/13/2015 - Fourth Amendment GPS SCOTUS Sex Offenders

California Supreme Court Rules Residency Restrictions are Nonpunitive

A judge can require sex offender registration for a convicted criminal defendant — even if the jury did not find that the crimes were sexual in nature, the California Supreme Court held this week. Interestingly, the Court...more

3/12/2015 - CA Supreme Court Residency Status Sex Offender Registry Sex Offenders

California Supreme Court: Sex Offender Residency Restrictions Unconstitutional

Opinion Likely to Impact Cities’ Policies - Residency restrictions that prohibit sex offenders from living within 2,000 feet of a school or park are unconstitutional, the California Supreme Court ruled this week. The...more

3/5/2015 - CA Supreme Court Primary Residence Sex Offender Registry Sex Offenders

Body Worn Cameras Go to Court

Up to this point, law enforcement leaders have deployed body worn cameras into the field while, seemingly, managing any opposition from the rank-and-file and/or labor representatives. However, concerns are now being raised by...more

2/9/2015 - Best Practices Cameras Collective Bargaining Law Enforcement Wearable Technology

Vape and Mirrors: The Legal Issues Concerning e-Cigarettes for Municipalities

In this Presentation: - Introduction - Overview - What are e-cigarettes? - Emerging Market - Food and Drug Administration - California Law - Other State Laws - Potential...more

2/4/2015 - E-Cigarettes Enforcement FDA Municipalities

BB&K Police Bulletin: California Court of Appeal Clarifies Eleventh Amendment Immunity for State Officials

Court Holds Sheriff Not Subject to Damages Under Section 1983 - Overview: The California Court of Appeal clarified that the Eleventh Amendment immunity does not apply in civil rights actions brought in California...more

1/21/2015 - Appeals Civil Rights Act Eleventh Amendment Fourth Amendment Immunity Law Enforcement

BB&K Police Bulletin: Burden of Proof on Government in Request for Return of Property Not Considered Contraband

Ninth Circuit Decides There Must Be “Legitimate Reason” for Retaining Property - Overview: The Ninth Circuit recently held that, once a criminal investigation or prosecution is completed, the government bears the...more

1/13/2015 - Burden of Proof Criminal Prosecution Law Enforcement Personal Property Search & Seizure

BB&K Police Bulletin: Investigatory Stop Still Valid Even If Officer Made Mistake of Law

An Officer’s Objectively Reasonable Mistake of Law Can Support Finding of Probable Cause - Overview: The U.S. Supreme Court held that an officer’s mistaken belief that a driver had violated a state vehicle code...more

12/23/2014 - Criminal Prosecution Drivers Law Enforcement Probable Cause SCOTUS

Pitchess Motions in Administrative Hearings

California Supreme Court Holds Administrative Hearing Officers Have Authority to Grant Pitchess Motions for Discovery of Personnel Disciplinary Records - Overview: The California Supreme Court has ruled that...more

12/12/2014 - Administrative Hearings Disciplinary Proceedings Discovery Disparate Treatment Hiring & Firing Personnel Records Police Pritchess Motions Termination

Controlling Controlled Substances: How a Pot Brownie Got Into the Hands of a Child

In a recent Fresno Bee article entitled “Fresno seventh grader busted in sales of pot brownies at school,” we see another unintended consequence of the availability of marijuana. Despite initial permitted possession of...more

11/3/2014 - Controlled Substances Controlled Substances Act Marijuana

Appeals Court Rules Fingerprint Impressions Are Records Of Arrest That Can Be Sealed and Destroyed

Arrestees Factually Innocent Under Penal Code Section 851.8 Can Have Fingerprints Sealed and Destroyed - Overview: The California Court of Appeal held that fingerprint impressions taken of suspects at the time of their...more

10/3/2014 - Appeals Criminal Records Fingerprints Sealed Records

Police and Body Cameras: Will Cameras Reduce Claims and Increase Transparency?

1600 hours: After briefing, the officer starts her shift. She straps on a body camera. But what next? Can the officer activate or deactivate the recording? Can the footage be deleted during her shift? What if the suspect, the...more

8/5/2014 - Law Enforcement Technology Transparency Video Recordings

BB&K Police Bulletin: Police Order To Stay Put While Conducting Background Check Is A Seizure Under Fourth Amendment

The Command Can Implicate Municipal Liability - Overview: The Ninth Circuit recently held that, when a police officer orders a suspect to “stay put,” that command constitutes a seizure under the Fourth Amendment of the...more

7/22/2014 - Background Checks Criminal Background Checks Fourth Amendment Governmental Liability Law Enforcement Municipalities

BB&K Police Bulletin: Officers Must Obtain Warrant to Access Data on Arrestee's Mobile Phone Device

Overview: Today, the U.S. Supreme Court held that police officers may not search digital information on a mobile phone device seized from a person who has been arrested without a warrant. In Riley v. California and U.S. v....more

6/26/2014 - Cell Phones Data Collection Fourth Amendment Mobile Devices Police Riley v California SCOTUS Search Warrant Warrantless Searches

Ninth Circuit Overturns Los Angeles' Prohibition on the Use of Vehicles as "Living Quarters"

Ninth Circuit Panel Rules Municipal Code Sections Unconstitutionally Vague - A three judge panel of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals held that a section of the Los Angeles Municipal Code prohibiting the use of a...more

6/23/2014 - City of Los Angeles Fourteenth Amendment Motor Vehicles

California Supreme Court Upholds Red Light Camera Conviction

Declines to Adopt Special Authentication Rule and Finds Camera Evidence Not Hearsay - In a case briefed and argued by Best Best & Krieger LLP attorney Kira L. Klatchko, the California Supreme Court held, in a unanimous...more

6/9/2014 - Convictions Red Light Cameras Traffic Laws

BB&K Police Bulletin: Officers Named in Shootings

State Supreme Court Rules that Police Agencies Must Disclose Names of Officers Involved in Shootings Under the California Public Records Act - Overview: The California Supreme Court just ruled that the names of police...more

6/2/2014 - Disclosure Requirements Law Enforcement Police Public Records Public Records Act

BB&K Police Bulletin: No Fourth or Fourteenth Amendment Violations For Using Deadly Force to Terminate Dangerous High-Speed Chase

Deadly force may be used if the driver poses a grave public safety risk - Overview: The U.S. Supreme Court recently held that officers did not violate a suspect’s Fourth or Fourteenth amendment rights when they opted...more

5/30/2014 - Fourteenth Amendment Fourth Amendment Plumhoff v Rickard Public Safety SCOTUS

California Supreme Court Declines Review of Cases Invalidating Local Bans on Sex Offenders

Supreme Court Leaves Intact Court of Appeal Cases Holding That State Law Preempts Some Local Sex Offender Ordinances - Local laws regulating where sex offenders may go are likely now invalid following the California...more

4/28/2014 - Local Ordinance Sex Offender Registry Sex Offenders

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