Vicki Harding

Vicki Harding

Pepper Hamilton LLP

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Joint Tenancy: What Happens When a Joint Tenant’s Interest Becomes Part of the Bankruptcy Estate?

Peet v. Checkett (In re Peet), 529 B.R. 718 (8th Cir. BAP 2015) – A chapter 7 trustee proposed to sell real and personal property that was owned by the chapter 7 debtors as joint tenants with parents of one of the...more

10/7/2015 - Bankruptcy Code Chapter 7 Consumer Bankruptcy Debtors Joint Tenancy Joint Tenancy with Right of Survivorship Residential Real Estate Market Young Lawyers

Brokers: Rely on Broker Statements at Your Peril

Alamo Group, LLC v. A & G Realty Partners, LLC (In re OSC 1 Liquidating Corp.), 529 B.R. 825 (Bankr. D. Del. 2015) – A purchaser of debtors’ lease designation rights filed a complaint in bankruptcy court against the debtors’...more

9/30/2015 - Commercial Bankruptcy Commercial Leases Competitive Bidding Debt Buyers Debtors Due Diligence Letter of Intent Misrepresentation Non-Disclosure Agreement Real Estate Brokers

Property Surrender: Surrender Means Surrender – Really

In re Failla, 529 B.R. 786 (Bankr. S.D. Fla. 2014) – Individual chapter 7 debtors filed a statement of intention electing to surrender their real estate. The mortgagee contended that they had failed to do so and filed a...more

9/23/2015 - Bankruptcy Code Chapter 7 Consumer Bankruptcy Debt Foreclosure Mortgages Motion to Compel Residential Real Estate Market

Broker Commissions: Technical Requirements Trump Equitable Considerations

In re Oak Knoll Assocs., L.P., 525 B.R. 175 (Bankr. D. Me. 2015) – A real estate broker sought allowance of an administrative expense claim for his commission in connection with a sale of real estate.  The debtor and...more

9/16/2015 - Affordable Housing Bankruptcy Code Broker Commissions Debtors Due Diligence Liens Mortgages Prepayment Penalties Real Estate Market Sale of Assets Summary Judgment

Strong Arm Powers: Does Sovereign Immunity Trump a Claim Based on State Law?

Kohut v. Wayne County Treasurer (In re Lewiston), 528 B.R. 387 (Bankr. E.D. Mich. 2015) – The debtor made property tax payments on behalf of several real estate projects.  The chapter 7 trustee sought to recover those...more

9/9/2015 - Bankruptcy Code Chapter 7 Congressional Authority Consumer Bankruptcy Debtors Fraudulent Conveyance Fraudulent Transfers IRS Property Tax Residential Real Estate Market SCOTUS Sovereign Immunity Trustees

Settlement Proceeds: When Does Cash Become Quasi Real Estate?

Farmer v. Citizens Nat’l Bank of Athens (In re Davis), 528 B.R. 757 (Bankr. E.D. Tenn. 2015) – A chapter 7 trustee sought a court determination that the trustee had a superior claim to settlement proceeds arising from...more

9/2/2015 - Banking Sector Bankruptcy Code Banks Chapter 7 Coal Ash Consumer Bankruptcy Debtors Deed of Trust Financial Institutions Financial Sector Liens Mortgages Property Damage Real Estate Market Settlement Trustees UCC Uniform Commercial Code Policy

Title Insurance: When Does a Construction Lender “Create” or “Suffer” a Mechanics Lien?

BB Syndication Services, Inc. v. First American Title Ins. Co., 785 F.3d 825 (7th Cir. 2015) – A construction lender sued a title insurance company seeking defense and indemnification in connection with claims in a...more

8/26/2015 - Commercial Bankruptcy Construction Industry Construction Loans Consumer Lenders Financial Sector Financial Services Industry First American Title Insurance Co. General Contractors Insurance Industry Loans Mechanics Lien Mortgages Real Estate Development Real Estate Market Title Insurance

Nonresidential Leases: What Does It Take To Avoid Deemed Rejection?

In re Simbaki, Ltd., 520 B.R. 241 (Bankr. S.D. Tex. 2014) – A chapter 11 debtor sought to assume a restaurant lease.  The landlord objected, arguing among other things that the lease was not timely assumed and so was...more

8/19/2015 - Chapter 11 Commercial Bankruptcy Commercial Leases Commercial Real Estate Market Debtors-in-Possession Restaurant Industry Section 365

Chapter 11 Sales: Believe It Or Not, There Really Are Limits

In re P.D.M. Co., 523 B.R. 558 (Bankr. W.D. Mich. 2015) – Two affiliated chapter 11 debtors sought court approval of a sale of all of their assets out of the ordinary course of business free and clear of claims.  The...more

8/12/2015 - Bankruptcy Code Chapter 11 Chapter 7 Commercial Bankruptcy Debtor-Creditor Debtors Sale of Assets

Officer/Director Breach of Duty: If Things Get Bad Enough, There May Be Recourse

Official Comm. of Unsecured Creditors v. Baldwin (In re Lemington Home for the Aged), 777 F.3d 620 (3rd Cir. 2015) – The debtor was a nonprofit corporation that operated a nursing home. The chapter 11 unsecured...more

8/5/2015 - Breach of Duty Chapter 11 Commercial Bankruptcy Duty of Care Fiduciary Duty Insolvency Medicare Nursing Homes Punitive Damages Unsecured Creditors

Credit Bidding: Not An Absolute Right (And What Does That Mean?)

In re RML Dev., Inc., 528 B.R. 150 (Bankr. W.D. Tenn. 2014) – A mortgagee sought to modify a sale order to (1) modify the bid procedures and (2) confirm that it had a right to credit bid. The debtor obtained a court...more

7/29/2015 - Apartments Chapter 7 Commercial Bankruptcy Credit Bids Debtors Financial Institutions Mortgage Lenders Mortgages Residential Real Estate Market Secured Debt

Claim Amount: It Pays To Pay Attention

In re Walker, 526 B.R. 187 (E.D. La. 2015) – The bankruptcy court (1) denied a mortgage lender’s request to file a late amendment to a proof of claim that had been filed on its behalf by the debtor and (2) confirmed the...more

7/22/2015 - Chapter 13 Consumer Bankruptcy Debtors Mortgage Lenders Mortgages Proof of Claims

Good Faith Deposit: Who Gets To Keep the Cash?

Lawrence v. Commonwealth of Ky. Transportation Cabinet (In re Shelbyville Road Shoppes, LLC), 775 F.3d 789 (6th Cir. 2015) – A chapter 7 trustee sought return of a “good faith” deposit made prior to bankruptcy in connection...more

7/15/2015 - Bankruptcy Code Chapter 7 Good Faith Purchase Agreement Real Estate Market Trustees

Foreclosed Property: Related Rights May Be Tricky

Cooper v. WPD Polar Ridge, LLC (In re Poplar Ridge, LLC), 526 B.R. 147 (W.D. N.C. 2015) – After a developer defaulted, the trustee under a deed of trust held a pre-petition foreclosure sale.  The issue was whether the...more

7/8/2015 - Commercial Bankruptcy Community Development Deed of Trust Foreclosure Fraudulent Conveyance Homeowners' Association Housing Developers Residential Real Estate Market SCOTUS

Intercreditor Agreements: Recognize That Second Lien Financings Are A Special Case Of Subordinated Lending

BOKF, N.A. v. JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. (In re MPM Silicones, LLC), 518 B.R. 740 (Bankr. S.D.N.Y. 2014) – Senior lienholders sued lenders holding junior liens on common collateral, arguing that the junior lienholders...more

7/1/2015 - Commercial Bankruptcy Intercreditor Agreements JPMorgan Chase Junior Lenders Senior Lenders Subordinated Debt

Recording Errors: A Typo Is Not Always Fatal

Deirdra Renee Gause v. Citifinancial Services, Inc. (In re Deirdra Renee Gause), 525 B.R. 35 (Bankr. M.D. N.C. 2014) – A chapter 13 debtor sought a court determination that a mortgage loan was unsecured because there was...more

6/24/2015 - Chapter 13 Compliance Consumer Bankruptcy Deed of Trust Mortgages Real Estate Market

Cramdown Hurdles Round 3: Try, Try Again

In re Ramz Real Estate Co., LLC, 510 B.R. 712 (Bankr. S.D.N.Y. 2013) – An undersecured mortgagee objected to a debtor’s proposed plan of reorganization on several grounds, including that (1) the plan was not approved by...more

6/17/2015 - Absolute Priority Rule Bank of America Bankruptcy Code Consumer Bankruptcy Cramdown Mortgages Property Tax Reorganizations Unsecured Creditors

Security Agreement: When Drafting You Better Say What You Mean

State Bank of Toulon v. Covey (In re Duckworth), 776 F.3d 453 (7th Cir. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to treat a secured lender as unsecured based on an error in the security agreement. The lender argued that the...more

6/10/2015 - Chapter 7 Consumer Bankruptcy Credit Agreements Security Agreements Uniform Commercial Code Policy

“Deed in Lieu”: Deed That Is Not Really In Lieu Of Foreclosure Will Likely Not Be Treated As a Deed

In re Primes, 518 B.R. 466 (Bankr. N.D. Ill. 2014) – A mortgagee moved for relief from the automatic stay, arguing that it acquired title to property prior to the bankruptcy under a quit claim deed given to it by the...more

6/3/2015 - Automatic Stay Chapter 13 Consumer Bankruptcy Deed-in-Lieu of Foreclosure Deeds Forbearance Agreements Foreclosure Mortgages

Bailment: Retaining Funds Received From a Bankrupt Bailee Is Not a Slam Dunk

In re Mississippi Valley Livestock, Inc., 745 F.3d 299 (7th Cir. 2014) – A debtor sold cattle for the account of a cattle producer and then remitted the proceeds to the producer. A chapter 7 trustee sought to recover...more

5/27/2015 - Appeals Bailments Cattle Chapter 7 Commercial Bankruptcy Trustees UCC

Trespass And Other Claims: Ever Wonder If Litigation Is Worth It?

Flyboy Aviation Properties, LLC v. Franck (In re Flyboy Aviation Properties, LLC), 525 B.R. 510 (Bankr. N.D. Ga. 2015) – A chapter 11 debtor operated a small private airport. The debtor and an adjacent landowner had a...more

5/20/2015 - Airports Aviation Industry Chapter 11 Commercial Bankruptcy Harassment Punitive Damages Trespass

Calculating Title Insurance Claims: Reduction in Value vs. Insured Claim

After a mortgagor filed bankruptcy, a lender brought claims under a ship mortgage insurance title policy. [See, First Am. Bank v. First Am. Transp. Title Ins. Co., 759 F.3d 427 (5th Cir. 2014).] The lender appealed the...more

5/15/2015 - Commercial Bankruptcy Liens Mortgages Title Insurance Valuation Vessels

Foreclosures: Beware Unexpected Violations

Field v. Bank of America, N.A. (In re Gibbs), 522 B.R. 282 (Bankr. D. Hawaii 2014) – A bankruptcy trustee sued a mortgage lender to recover for defects in a prepetition non-judicial foreclosure sale. The lender brought a...more

5/13/2015 - Bank of America Bids Consumer Bankruptcy Foreclosure Mortgages Motion to Dismiss Trustees UDAAP

Plan Confirmation Feasibility: “I Know It When I See It”?

In re Brandywine Towhouses, Inc., 524 B.R. 889 (Bankr. N.D. Ga. 2014) – The debtor was a nonprofit that owned a low and moderate income housing cooperative. It proposed a plan of reorganization that contemplated...more

5/6/2015 - Affordable Housing Cramdown Mortgages Reorganizations

Foreclosure Sales: When Is the “Deed” Done?

In re Betchan, 524 B.R. 830 (Bankr. E.D. Wash. 2015) – A mortgagee was the highest bidder at a foreclosure sale that took place shortly before the debtor filed bankruptcy. The lender requested relief from the...more

4/29/2015 - Consumer Bankruptcy Deed of Trust Foreclosure Mortgage Lenders Perfected Security Interest

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