Administrative Agency Civil Procedure Conflict of Laws

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POM Wonderful Decision: Companies Cannot Rely on FDCA for Protection from False Advertising Liability

The US Supreme Court allows private parties to bring Lanham Act claims challenging product labels that otherwise satisfy the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. In a battle of the beverages, the Supreme Court recently...more

Supreme Court Reinforces Need for Robust Adverse Event Reporting Process

On June 23, 2014, the United States Supreme Court denied certiorari in Medtronic, Inc. v. Stengel, leaving in place the Ninth Circuit's en banc decision permitting a failure-to-warn claim against a pre-market approval (PMA)...more

Advertising and Food Alert: The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act Does Not Shelter a Beverage Company from Claims of Deceptive and...

On June 12, 2014, the Supreme Court, in an 8-0 ruling, held in POM Wonderful LLC v. Coca-Cola Co. that a competitor may sue another under the Lanham Act for unfair competition because of false or misleading food and beverage...more

Supreme Court Decision POM Wonderful LLC v. Coca-Cola Co: What You Need to Know

Why It’s Important: Yesterday’s ruling indicates that the reach of the Lanham Act regarding false and misleading advertising extends beyond the FDCA labeling requirements in protecting companies from having their customers...more

Ventress III Provides Another Tool for Airlines: Ninth Circuit Says Federal Aviation Act Preempts Pilot’s State Law Employment...

On March 28, 2014, the Ninth Circuit strengthened its Federal Aviation Act (the “Act”) preemption jurisprudence, holding that state law claims for retaliation and constructive termination are preempted under the Act when they...more

Supreme Court Will Rule on Whether Agency-Approved Beverage Label Can Be Challenged as ‘False Advertising’ in Federal Court

On January 10, 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear an appeal by Pom Wonderful LLC against The Coca-Cola Company. The Court will examine whether Pom can bring a federal Lanham Act false advertising claim against a...more

Book Review: The Global Limits of Competition Law (Global Competition Law and Economics Series, Stanford University Press)

This European Competition Law Journal article reviews "The Global Limits of Competition Law," edited by Ioannis Lianos and D. Daniel Sokol. It is the first book in the Stanford University Press Series, Global Competition Law...more

The Supreme Court Rules that the Fox Can Guard the Henhouse (Because the Fox Told Them He Can)

The Supreme Court of the United States has allowed federal agencies to interpret ambiguities in their implementing statutes and directed courts to defer to agency expertise when deciding cases. (Who, after all, knows a...more

Compounding Animal Drugs from Bulk Ingredients

Recent public discussion about the federal role in regulating compounding pharmacies has focused on compounded drugs for human use. Compounded drugs are also vital to companion animal health (like pets). In the world of...more

Ninth Circuit Vacates Restitution Order In Overdraft Ordering Case, Allows State Fraud Claims To Proceed

On December 26, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit held that a national bank’s practice of posting payments to checking accounts in a particular order is a federally authorized pricing decision, and that federal...more

Khasin v. Hershey: Unduly Narrowing the Preemptive Scope of Pom Wonderful

As we have briefly explored, the Ninth Circuit has broadly construed Buckman implied preemption of state law claims pertaining to food, drugs, and medical devices, which are regulated under the federal Food, Drug, and...more

State Common Law Carbon Dioxide Liability Claims: Premonitions of Preemption (and Dismissal)

Left open by the Supreme Court’s decision in American Electric Power Co. v. Connecticut, 131 S. Ct. 2527 (2011), was the question of whether state law nuisance claims for the emission of carbon dioxide were viable in the...more

Federal Circuit Holds the Reexamination Door Open in In Re Baxter

When the Federal Circuit denied the Request for Panel Rehearing and Rehearing en banc in In re Baxter, the court let stand its two decisions that affirmed conflicting rulings on the validity of the same patent....more

Sixth Circuit: FERA False Claims Act Amendment Applies Retroactively to Cases Pending as of June 7, 2008

On November 2, 2012, the Sixth Circuit held that a 2009 amendment Congress made to the liability provisions of the False Claims Act ("FCA") applies retroactively to civil FCA cases pending as of June 7, 2008. U.S. ex rel....more

NH Supreme Court Rules That State Law Preempts Municipal Restrictions on Excavation Permitting

On November 9, 2012, the New Hampshire Supreme Court issued its decision in Town of Carroll v. Rines (“Rines”), invalidating certain municipal regulations that limited excavations....more

Federal District Court Holds Ohio Post-Repossession Notice Requirements Not Preempted

On October 17, the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio held that the post-repossession notice requirements in the Ohio Retail Installment Sales Act (RISA) and the Ohio Uniform Commercial Code (OUCC) were not...more

Justice Scalia, Liberal Construction & The Finance Lenders Law

A few weeks ago, I purchased a copy of Reading Law: The Interpretation of Legal Texts by Justice Antonin Scalia and Bryan Garner. According to the cover, the authors “carefully and engagingly explain 57 valid canons of...more

District Court Rules District Must Fund Student’s Stay-Put Placement through Appeal to Circuit Court, Though District’s IEP...

When a dispute arises between parents and a district concerning the special education identification, evaluation, placement, or free appropriate public education (FAPE) of a student, the IDEA provides that the student will...more

9th Circuit’s POM Wonderful Ruling Could Influence Food Class Actions

Originally published in Washington Legal Foundation on August 3, 2012. Class action lawyers looking for a shakedown have gone on a food binge. They have focused on the food industry and the ever-obliging federal court...more

4th Circuit Issues Employee Friendly CFAA Opinion

As readers of this blog know, we have been following the diverse and seemingly irreconciliable decisions from federal courts regarding the scope of the federal Computer Fraud and Abuse Act ("CFAA"), 18 U.S.C. § 1030. Last...more

July 2012: European Litigation Update: European Patent System Is in for Fundamental Changes

Adopting the European Patent Convention (EPC) and establishing the European Patent Office (EPO) – thereby allowing for a single application for a “European patent” (which is more precisely a bundle of national patents which...more

Federal Government's Eminent Domain Power Trumps California's Sovereign Public Trust Title

The United States condemned tide and submerged lands leased by the Port of San Diego to the U.S. Navy. The Port held the lands under a trust grant from the State of California, and therefore defending the state’s sovereign...more

Sacred Exclusivity: The Ninth Circuit Steers (Well) Clear of the FDA

The Supreme Court’s opinion in Buckman Co. v. Plaintiffs’ Legal Committee, 531 U.S. 341, 349-50 (2001), recognizes that any attempt by a plaintiff to enforce the FDCA is preempted by federal law, because Congress entrusted...more

Supreme Court Arizona Decision: Better than Expected but Federal Action Still Needed

While both sides claim victory, the reality of yesterday's Supreme Court ruling is this: Immigration is a federal issue, but states can cooperate with the feds in law enforcement so long as they do not violate peoples' rights...more

Arizona's Attempt To Crackdown On Immigration (Mostly) Rejected By Supreme Court

On June 25, 2012, the Supreme Court held that certain provisions of Arizona's immigration statute (signed into law in 2010) were preempted by federal immigration law. The preempted provisions include those making it a...more

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