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Supreme Court’s discharge exception ruling gives creditors more options

One goal of bankruptcy for individuals is the discharge of debts, meaning that, upon the successful completion of their bankruptcy case, the debtor is no longer personally responsible for the obligations owed prior to the...more

Directors Owe Fiduciary Duties to Creditors of Insolvent Companies

Creditors of a corporation in bankruptcy recently received some good news from a bankruptcy court in California. In re ATWR Liquidation, Inc. clarified that corporate officers and directors owe creditors the same fiduciary...more

U.S. Supreme Court Expands Types of Fraud Which May Bar a Bankruptcy Discharge

The Supreme Court has rewarded creditors and their attorneys with a decision expanding the kinds of “actual fraud” which will prevent the discharge of a bankruptcy debtor. Some lower courts had held that to prevent a...more

Orrick's Financial Industry Week in Review

ESMA Q& A on Application of the AIFMD - On December 2, 2015 the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) published an updated Question and Answer document in relation to the Alternative Investment Fund Managers...more

Clear Contractual Terms Prevail Over Equitable Principles in Bankruptcy Cases (Again)

Bankruptcy courts in the U.S. are widely viewed as favorable fora for debtors, trustees and creditors’ committees to pursue creative and difficult causes of actions against deep-pockets lenders and others in an attempt to...more

Justice Friedman Allows Breach of Fiduciary Duty Claim to Proceed Against Corporate Directors Under Delaware Law

In AP Services, LLP v. Lobell et. al, No. 651613/2012, 2015 NY Slip Op 31115(U) (N.Y. Sup. Ct. June 19, 2015) (argued Feb. 21, 2014), Justice Friedman, applying Delaware Law, denied a motion to dismiss plaintiff AP Services,...more

The Monetary Risks of Filing an Involuntary Bankruptcy Petition

The Bankruptcy Code offers several advantages for the creditors of financially distressed individuals and corporations, including federal court supervision of a possibly untrustworthy debtor and mitigation of the risk of...more

Bankruptcy Beat: Jockeys Nearing Finishing Line in 25-Year Civil and Bankruptcy Litigation with their Former Business Managers

Hall of fame horse racing jockeys Laffit Pincay, Jr. and Chris McCarron first sued their former business managers, Vincent and Robert Andrews, in California District Court in 1989 for fraud, breach of fiduciary duty and other...more

Two Recent Decisions Potentially Expand Fraudulent Transfer Exposure in Ponzi Schemes

Two recent decisions from the Fifth Circuit and Eighth Circuit could expand the fraudulent transfer exposure of unknowing third parties that provide goods, services, or funding to companies operating Ponzi...more

Court of Chancery Clarifies Creditors' Rights

A just-issued Court of Chancery decision clarifies, and possibly expands, creditors' rights. In 2007, the Delaware Supreme Court ruled that a corporation's creditors may sue its board of directors for violating its fiduciary...more

HAMP and Section 75-1.1, Part 2

In yesterday’s post, we discussed when a lender’s failure to comply with guidelines under the federal Home Affordable Mortgage Program (HAMP) might violate N.C. Gen. Stat. § 75-1.1 as well. We analyzed a very recent federal...more

Credit Crunch Digest - November 2014

This issue of the Credit Crunch Digest focuses on recent forex settlement agreements; rate-swapping claims in a Libor consolidated action; Bank of Tokyo’s $315 million settlement with the New York Department of Financial...more

LLC Managers Beware: Get Involved With Member Distributions By an Insolvent LLC and You May Be Personally Liable

A chapter 7 trustee sued a manager of three limited liability company (LLC) debtors for breach of fiduciary duty and to hold the manager personally liable for distributions made to members, including himself....more

MN Supreme Court: Creditors May Void Fraudulent Transfers of Assets in Uncontested Divorces

On July 9, 2014, in Citizens State Bank Norwood Young America v. Gordon Brown, et al., the Minnesota Supreme Court held that Minnesota's Uniform Fraudulent Transfer Act ("MUFTA") may be applied to transfers of assets made as...more

Tronox Inc. v. Anadarko Petroleum Corp. (In re Tronox Inc.) – Bankruptcy Court Takes Unusual Steps to Declare Corporate...

Companies that have valuable assets but also face significant liabilities will sometimes engage in restructurings to isolate, or “ring-fence,” the good assets from the liabilities. Often the companies are able to accomplish...more

Bankruptcy Beat: Bankruptcy Court Applies To Collateral Estoppel To State Court Judgement For Fraud and Vexatious Litigation In...

In her first published decision, rendered in Mexico Construction and Paving v. Thompson (In re Thompson), Case No. 11-32924, Adv. Pro. No. 12-03065 (Bankr. D. Conn May 22, 2014), Judge Julie A. Manning held on the basis of...more

Clawback Suit Targets International Investors

In 2008, a few months before the $65 billion Madoff Ponzi scheme fell apart, the $3.65 billion Petters Ponzi scheme made headlines. Tom Petters told investors that they were financing the purchase and sale of consumer...more

SEC Obtains Freeze Order Against Recidivist And His Entities

The Commission brought an action against a securities law recidivist and his entities who had raised about $22 million in a fraudulent investment scheme. When the action was filed a temporary freeze order was obtained. Later...more

Ruling Explains and Extends Application of Good Faith Defense to Fraudulent Transfer Actions in SIPA Context

In an April 27, 2014 decision in the Madoff cases, Judge Jed S. Rakoff ruled that the standard of good faith should be considered differently in a Securities Investor Protection Act (SIPA) liquidation. To defeat a good faith...more

Delaware Bankruptcy Court Denies Derivative Standing to Creditor Seeking Recharacterization

In that case, Walnut Creek Mining Company (“Walnut Creek”), the debtor Optim Energy’s largest unsecured creditor, sought standing to pursue recharacterization, equitable subordination, and fiduciary duty claims on behalf of...more

Does the Business Judgment Rule Protect Bank Officers and Directors?

When a corporation suffers significant losses, or ultimately fails, frustrated shareholders, creditors, or others often try to sue the corporation and/or its officers and directors for losses caused by mismanagement of the...more

Bankruptcy Court Shields Equity Sponsors Serving as Secured Lenders from Individual Creditor Seeking to Litigate Subordination and...

In a recent case — In re Optim Energy, LLC — the Delaware Bankruptcy Court denied an individual creditor’s request to pursue the subordination or recharacterization of the claims of secured lenders who were also the debtors’...more

Connecticut District Court Affirms Ruling that Collateral Estoppel Effect of California Judgments for Fraud Established Them as...

Debts based on fraud are not dischargeable in bankruptcy, but to achieve that result the aggrieved creditor must ordinarily commence a non-dischargeability action and prove the fraud. However, when an action for fraud is...more

Unpaid Employer Contributions as Plan Assets: Expansion Of Liability Under ERISA

The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, as amended (“ERISA”), requires trustees of multiemployer pension and benefit funds to collect contributions required to be made by contributing employers under their...more

California Court: Commercial Crime Policy Rescinded Due To Insured’s Material Misrepresentation Concerning Handling of Funds

Kurtz v. Liberty Mutual Insurance Co., et al., Case No. 2:11-cv-7010 (C.D.Cal. April 14, 2014), was an insurance coverage dispute arising out of the downfall of Los Angeles businessman Ezri Namvar who has also been referred...more

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