Bankruptcy Finance & Banking Commercial Real Estate

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Half-Pie or No Pie? News for Kaisa’s Offshore Creditors

Kaisa Crisis - The recent financial crisis of Kaisa Group Holdings Ltd. (“Kaisa”), a large-scale Chinese property developer listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange (“SEHK”), has been in the headlines for several months....more

Does Non-Recourse Liability Still Exist?

Several years ago, the real estate financing market took an unexpected turn. In 2011, a court in Michigan rendered a decision which called into question whether a non-recourse loan was truly “non-recourse” (liability limited...more

Terminating a Lease Prior to Bankruptcy: Tricks and Traps

As many commercial landlords can attest based on experience, a tenant that files bankruptcy receives the benefit of rights and protections under the Bankruptcy Code that it would not have outside of bankruptcy. Among other...more

Lease Claims: You Snooze, You Lose

In re Sky Ventures, LLC, 523 B.R. 163 (Bankr. D. Minn. 2014) – After a debtor obtained court approval to retroactively reject a lease as of the bankruptcy filing date, the landlord moved to reset the rejection date and for...more

The Sixth Circuit, Relying upon Michigan’s Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act, Rejects the Enforceability of an Insolvency Covenant

Notwithstanding Michigan’s 2012 Nonrecourse Mortgage Loan Act (NMLA), which provides that solvency covenants in nonrecourse loans unenforceable, in Borman, LLC v. 18718 Borman, LLC, a third-party purchaser of a foreclosed...more

Blog: The Ninth Circuit Rejects the “Dominion and Control Test” for Determining the Initial Transferee in Fraudulent Conveyance...

Under section 550(a) of the Bankruptcy Code, a trustee or debtor in possession may recover property (or its value) that has been fraudulently transferred “from the initial transferee or the entity for whose benefit the...more

Leases and Bankruptcy

WHEN THE TENANT FILES BANKRUPTCY I. Before the Bankruptcy is Filed. The Bankruptcy Code, found at 11 U.S.C. §§ 101, et seq., creates a category of rights known as “executory contracts.” An executory contract, in...more

Real Estate Cases: You May Want to Think Twice Before You File

Branch Bank & Trust Co. v. Michael’s Enterprises of Virginia, Inc. (In re Michael’s Enterprises of Virginia, Inc.), 519 B.R. 916 (Bankr. E.D. Va. 2014)  – A mortgage lender sought sanctions against the debtor, its sole...more

Washington Supreme Court Affirms Washington Federal v. Gentry and Confirms Lenders’ Right to Obtain Deficiency Judgments Against...

The Washington Supreme Court issued an opinion today affirming the right of a lender to obtain a deficiency judgment against a commercial guarantor following a nonjudicial foreclosure. Divisions One and Two of the Washington...more

The Second District Court of Appeals Holds That Due To Inconsistencies Between The Provisions Of A Promissory Note And A Deed Of...

Facts - U.S. Bank's predecessor bank extended a $62,000,000 loan (Loan) to three legal entities (Borrowers). The Loan was secured by a deed of trust on real property. Mr. and Mrs. Yashouafar (Yashouafars) guaranteed...more

December 2014 - Real Estate FOUNDATION

In this issue - The CERCLA Divisibilty Defense: Back from the Dead? - Springing Recourse for Breach of Solvency and Debt Payment Covenants? Does New York Need Cherryland Legislation? - Mid-Construction...more

Bankruptcy Beat: Connecticut Bankruptcy Court Approves Settlement In Two Related Cases with a Torturous Twelve Year History

The Chapter 7 case of First Connecticut Consulting Group, Inc. and James J. Licata (the “Cases”) began as Chapter 11 cases over twelve years ago. The cases were consolidated and remained in Chapter 11 for four years as...more

Sale Proceeds: Better Get the Carve-Out Right the First Time

In re Stacy’s, Inc., 508 B.R. 370 (Bankr. D. S.C. 2014) – A debtor sold substantially all of its assets after negotiating with its primary secured creditor for carve-outs from the sale proceeds for administrative...more

Loan to Own Variation: Bankruptcy May Not Provide The Answers

In re SR Real Estate Holdings, LLC, 506 B.R. 121 (Bankr. S.D. Cal. 2014) – A group of lenders moved to dismiss the debtor’s bankruptcy case on the basis that it was filed in bad faith, or in the alternative asked the...more

Determining “Value” Given By Good Faith Transferee In Fraudulent Transfer Action

The Bankruptcy Code allows a trustee to recover fraudulent transfers made by the debtor prior to bankruptcy. 11 U.S.C. § 548(a). An innocent recipient of a fraudulent transfer is not without a defense, however. The Code...more

Williams v. FDIC (In re Positive Health Management) - Lender Forced to Return Payments Made by Non-Borrower

On October 16, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit entered an order requiring a real estate lender, First National Bank (the “Lender”), to refund certain mortgage payments it received from...more

Bankruptcy by the Developer/Owner: Mechanics Lien Rights May Still Prevail!

The rate of bankruptcies among construction industry participants is higher than some think. The bankruptcy of a developer creates an “automatic stay” under federal law preventing almost all collection activities, including...more

Stay Relief: What Happens to “Unreasonable” Fees?

Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. v. 804 Congress, L.L.C. (In re 804 Congress, L.L.C.), 756 F.3d 358 (5th Cir. 2014) – After an oversecured creditor obtained relief from the automatic stay and foreclosed on some property, the...more

Just When You Thought You Were Out, They Pull You Back In

It is a rare occasion for a secured lender to foreclose on collateral with a value in excess of the entire debt owed, particularly following a bankruptcy filing by the borrower, but on that rare occasion the lender should...more

Credit Bid (Round 2): What Does It Take to Show “Cause”?

In re Charles Street African Methodist Episcopal Church of Boston, 510 B.R. 453 (Bankr. D. Mass. 2014) – In connection with a proposed sale of real property, a chapter 11 debtor sought to prohibit the mortgagee from...more

Business Finance & Restructuring Q&A Series

The following discussion examines a number of factors that have complicated the bankruptcy process. It also offers a look at how out-of-court restructurings might be a more viable course for distressed business owners to...more

Post-Petition Interest: Not Very Predictable

A senior mortgagee battled the debtor and a junior mortgagee over its entitlement to post-petition interest: If and when did it become oversecured and thus entitled to interest? Was it entitled to interest at the default...more

How Remote is Bankruptcy Remote? Is an Operating Agreement Restriction Against a Bankruptcy Filing Without the Unanimous Consent...

Nonrecourse financing is common in today's commercial real estate lending market. So too are the use of special purpose entities ("SPEs") and limited guaranties from SPE members of all or a portion of the debt, the latter of...more

Keeping the Benefit of Your Bargain: Strengthening Your Right to Prepayment Premiums

Anyone involved in commercial lending transactions is familiar with provisions of loan agreements that provide for compensation to the lender in the event the indebtedness is paid in advance of the contemplated due date....more

The Meridian Sunrise Village Opinion Redux

In my last post I discussed the Meridian Sunrise Village v. NB Distressed Debt Investment Fund Ltd. opinion handed down by the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington in March of this year. The...more

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