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Third Circuit Lets Wal-Mart Exclude Firearms Proposal Under the “Ordinary Business Operations” Exception

On April 14, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit summarily reversed a troubling decision of the Federal District Court in Delaware that required Wal-Mart to include in its 2015 proxy materials a shareholder...more

Receiver’s Sales Are Not Immediately Appealable In Federal Court

QUESTION: I purchased assets from a receiver. The court approved the sale over the objection of one of the defendants. The sale has now closed. I was just informed that the defendant is appealing the order approving the sale....more

"Wal-Mart Wins Appeal of Shareholder Proposal Decision"

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit issued a decision on April 14, 2015 that reversed a U.S. District Court opinion and vacated a permanent injunction that would have required Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. to include a...more

Ticket to Sue – Pennsylvania’s Registration Requirement for Foreign Business Entities

Consider the following scenario: You represent a foreign corporation in a breach of contract action in Pennsylvania state court. Your client is seeking substantial damages for unpaid widgets that it shipped to the defendant...more

Michigan Supreme Court Upholds Retroactive Corporate Officer Tax Relief

Relief granted to people who were previously subject to personal liability for unpaid tax debts of corporations and other entities should be applied retroactively to existing and future tax assessments, after the Michigan...more

In re Numoda Corp. S’holders Litig., C.A. No. 9163-VCN (Del. Ch. Jan. 30, 2015) (Noble, V.C.)

In this memorandum opinion, the Court of Chancery exercised its powers under 8 Del. C. § 205 to resolve various disputes regarding the capital structure of two corporations, Numoda Corporation (“Numoda Corp.”) and Numoda...more

Are Restrictive Covenants in Sale Agreements Enforceable?

The Supreme Court of Canada recently addressed the issue of the enforceability of restrictive covenants where the purchaser of a business offered employment to the business’s previous owners (Payette v Guay Inc. 2013 SCC 45)....more

Delaware (again) proposes sledgehammering fee-shifting bylaws

As part of the annual update cycle for Delaware’s General Corporations Law (DGCL), the Delaware Bar has returned to last year’s controversy on fee-shifting provisions in bylaws and certificates of incorporation to propose,...more

Blog: In Re Numoda Corporation Shareholders Litigation: Delaware Court Addresses The New Delaware Ratification Statutes

A recent Delaware opinion, In Re Numoda Corporation Shareholders Litigation, decided on January 30, 2015, appears to be the first opinion to resolve questions under the new Delaware statutes, Sections 204 and 205, which...more

FDIC Resolves Doral Bank in a New Receivership Action

The $5.9 billion Doral Bank (San Juan, Puerto Rico), a wholly owned subsidiary of Doral Financial Corporation (Coral Gables, Florida), was closed by the Office of the Commissioner of Financial Institutions of Puerto Rico, on...more

In re Kinder Morgan, Inc. Corporate Reorg. Litig., C.A. No. 10093-VCL (Del. Ch. Nov. 5, 2014) (Laster, V.C.)

In this memorandum opinion, the Court of Chancery denied plaintiffs’ motion for a preliminary injunction and held that a provision in a partnership agreement imposing a higher voting threshold with respect to certain mergers...more

2014 Amendments to the Delaware General Corporation Law

On July 15, 2014, Delaware Governor Jack Markell signed Delaware House Bill No. 329, which makes a number of noteworthy changes to the Delaware General Corporation Law. The 2014 amendments address: (1) mergers under DGCL...more

The Fate of Delaware "Fee-Shifting" Bylaws

A topic of considerable controversy within the corporate community over the past two months has been the possibility of adopting a "fee-shifting" provision in the bylaws of Delaware corporations. Depending on how it is...more

Adoption of Fee-Shifting Bylaws by Pennsylvania Corporations

Recently, there has been some unusual excitement in the corporate bar in Delaware after the Supreme Court of Delaware held that a nonstock corporation could adopt a bylaw requiring a losing plaintiff in a lawsuit involving...more

How Broad Was That Bylaw?

In yesterday’s posting, I noted a recent Form 8-K filing that discloses the adoption of a fee-shifting bylaw. In ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, 2014 Del. LEXIS 209 (Del. May 8, 2014), the Delaware Supreme Court...more

Biolase v. Oracle Partners, L.P., C.A. No. 9438 (Del. June 12, 2014)

In this expedited appeal from a post-trial decision of the Court of Chancery, the Delaware Supreme Court affirmed the Court of Chancery’s holding that, under 8 Del. C. § 141(b), directors may resign by verbal statements,...more

Using Corporate Bylaws and Charters to Set the Rules for Shareholder Litigation

Recent court decisions, including the Delaware Supreme Court’s opinion earlier this month in ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund, have focused new attention on the use of corporate bylaws and charters to establish the...more

Fee Shifting Bylaw Provisions May Face Constitutional Limitation

The corporate governance world has been disquieted by Delaware Supreme Court Justice Carolyn Berger’s recent opinion that upheld the validity of a fee-shifting bylaw provision in the bylaws of a Delaware non-stock...more

Delaware May Level Playing Field With Regard to Fee-Shifting Bylaws

As discussed (see link below), a recent decision of the Delaware Supreme Court could be a game changer in the world of stockholder litigation. In ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund (Del. May 8, 2014), the Delaware...more

The Fluid State of Delaware Fee-Shifting Bylaws

On May 8, 2014, the Delaware Supreme Court held in ATP Tour, Inc. v. Deutscher Tennis Bund that a bylaw provision that shifts "all fees, costs and expenses of every kind and description (including, but not limited to...more

In an abrupt reversal, Delaware says "Ummm... Wait!" to fee shifting bylaws

It has been a dizzying couple of weeks for the Delaware Bar. Previously, the disaffected German tennis federation of the professional ATP tennis tour had sour grapes over the downgrading of the Hamburg tennis tournament and...more

Delaware Court Enforces “Loser Pays” Bylaw, Opens the Door for D&O Insurers to Better Assess and Control Shareholder Litigation...

The Delaware Supreme Court held that a corporation’s fee-shifting bylaw is enforceable as long as the bylaw is not adopted for an inequitable purpose. A first of its kind, this ruling seems poised to change dramatically the...more

Paradigm Shift? The Delaware Supreme Court Allows Bylaw That Shifts Attorneys’ Fees to Loser in Fiduciary Duty Litigation

Under the prevailing “American rule,” shareholders and their counsel face little financial risk when they assert claims against directors and officers for breaches of fiduciary duty, typically following the announcement of a...more

First Circuit Holds That AIG Must Defend Directors and Officers in FDIC Litigation

What you need to know: The United States First Circuit Court of Appeals recently held that an insured versus insured exclusion did not exempt AIG from advancing defense costs under a D&O policy in a suit brought...more

Proxies Unbundled: Recent SEC Guidance after Greenlight Capital v. Apple Case

Last year, Judge Sullivan in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York issued a preliminary injunction in Greenlight Capital, L.P. v. Apple, Inc. enjoining the “bundling” of multiple proposals by Apple in...more

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