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Supreme Court Rules that Citizenship of a Real Estate Investment Entity is Based on Citizenship of its Members, Which Includes...

On March 7, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court (the “Supreme Court”) ruled that the citizenship of a Real Estate Investment Entity (“REIT”), for purposes of federal diversity jurisdiction, is based on the citizenship of its...more

REITs Get Respect from the Market — a New Sector Home

Beginning in September 2016, publicly traded equity REITs (real estate investment trusts) and other listed real estate companies will get a new home in the S&P 500. They are moving out of the Financials Sector and into a...more

Getting Comfortable with Lender Comfort Letters

As the global real estate economy continues its recovery from the severe economic recession nearly a decade ago, hotel and hospitality real estate transactions have been robust as of late. According to the "Hotel investment...more

My “Flippín” House?

Tax Strategies to Reduce Taxation and Build Wealth for House Flippers - Overview - I seem to be perpetually out to lunch. When I step on the scale too, this point is further confirmed. I do not know why I have...more

Delaware Supreme Court Weighs In On “Direct v. Derivative” Question Certified By Second Circuit

In Citigroup Inc. v. AHW Investment Partnership, No. 641, 2015 (Del. May 24, 2016), the Delaware Supreme Court answered a certified question of law presented by the Second Circuit Court of Appeals allowing shareholders...more

Treasury Department Issues New REIT Spinoff Rules

The Treasury Department today released new temporary and proposed regulations that will impact spinoffs and REIT conversions and modify the definition of “converted property” with respect to REIT transactions....more

Third Circuit Holds SCRA Protections Do Not Extend to Servicemember-Owned Businesses

In a unanimous opinion in Davis v. City of Philadelphia, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit has held that Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA) protections do not extend to a servicemember's solely owned...more

Pennsylvania Property Tax Reassessment Update

Several counties in Pennsylvania are conducting countywide property reassessments. This update provides status changes for Washington, Blair and Lancaster Counties, along with a set of important deadlines and basic assessment...more

Americold Realty Tr. v. ConAgra Foods, Inc.: Citizenship of Maryland REITs

In Americold Realty Tr. v. ConAgra Foods, Inc., 136 S. Ct. 1012 (2016), the Supreme Court held that, for purposes of federal diversity jurisdiction, the citizenship of a Maryland real estate investment trust (formed pursuant...more

Own or Lease? New Accounting Rules Necessitate Review

The divestiture of property owned by non-real estate companies has long been a trend in the U.S. Though there are many advantages to owning—and thereby controlling—your own real estate, non-real estate businesses, especially...more

Here’s the Deal: Georgia Governor Signs Several Significant Tax Bills

Following the conclusion of Georgia’s 2016 legislative session, Governor Nathan Deal signed into law several tax bills touching on a wide range of tax matters, including sales and use taxes, property taxes, corporate income...more

Update: New IRS Memo on Bad Boy Guarantees

Prior Alert. The March 17 Alert noted that the IRS in a Chief Counsel Advice ("CCA") had discussed the effect that certain “bad boy carve-out guarantees” (that would trigger contingent guarantee obligations if, for example,...more

CR&B Alert - Commercial Restructuring and Bankruptcy News - May 2016, No. 2

Can A Bank-Appointed Director Block A Bankruptcy Filing By A Borrower? The scenario is fairly typical. A loan goes into default and the bank and the borrower enter into a Forbearance Agreement. One of the conditions of...more

To Mitigate or Not to Mitigate – That is the Question!

If you suffer loss as a result of negligent advice, do you have a duty to mitigate? If yes, what does that duty look like in practice? How far do you need to go in attempts to reduce the loss you have suffered? This was the...more

Tax and Non-Tax Reasons to be Cautious about “Bad Boy Nonrecourse Carve-out Guarantees” - IRS Backtracks on Recent Conclusion that...

On April 15, 2016 the IRS reversed its controversial position that bad boy guarantees may convert nonrecourse debt into recourse debt. General Legal Advice Memorandum Number AM2016-001 released April 15, 2016 effectively...more

Leaving Real Estate Investment Trusts in the Cold: How the Americold Case Could Preclude Establishing Diversity Jurisdiction in...

The Supreme Court’s most recent citizenship opinion, Americold Realty Trust v. Conagra Foods, Inc., could make removing or keeping a case in federal court based on diversity more difficult for a statutory trust with a...more

Ninth Circuit: Affordable Housing Restrictions Do Not Limit Value of Secured Claim in Bankruptcy Cram Down

In In re Sunnyslope Housing Ltd. Partnership, No. 12-17241, 2016 WL 1392318 (9th Cir. Apr. 8, 2016), a divided panel of the Ninth Circuit held that affordable housing restrictive covenants should not affect the valuation of a...more

IRS Agrees Traditional Bad Boy Guarantees Do Not Change Character of Nonrecourse Loan

The Internal Revenue Service has apparently seen the light — at least with respect to the effect of “bad boy” guarantees on a loan that is otherwise nonrecourse for income tax purposes. Last month, we reported that the IRS...more

How Much Is A Lease Worth?

If I got paid a dollar for every time a client asks me “What is this property worth?” then I wouldn’t be writing this blog – I’d be fishing or playing golf. As I tell my clients the market value of real property is what...more

Supreme Court Reinforces Strict Rule On Citizenship of Unincorporated Entities for Diversity Jurisdiction to the Detriment of...

Article III of the U.S. Constitution extends the jurisdiction of federal courts to “[c]ontroversies … between Citizens of different States.” U.S. Const. art. III, § 2, cl. 1. “This rule is easy enough to apply to humans, but...more

SEC Issues Guidance Clarifying Rule 144(d)(1) Holding Period Requirements For REIT Shares Exchanged For Operating Partnership...

On March 14, 2016, the staff of the SEC's Division of Corporate Finance issued a no-action letter (the "No-Action Letter") concluding that, for purposes of Rule 144 promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended...more

CHINA EXPANDS VAT REFORM TO NEW SECTORS

China's Premier Li Keqiang has announced, in the Annual Government Working Report to the National People's Congress, held in March that Value Added Tax ("VAT") reforms will be fully implemented and expanded from 1 May 2016 to...more

IRS Memo on Bad Boy Guarantees May Recharacterize Non-Recourse Debt as Recourse Liability

On February 5, 2016, the Office of Chief Counsel of the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) released a memorandum (a “Memo”) related to the appropriate tax treatment of individuals or entities that invest in real estate limited...more

The New Lease Accounting Standard–What Lawyers Need to Know Now

With calendar year-end Form 10-K filings almost completed, you may have noticed the addition of Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02 “Leases (Subtopic 842)” to the MD&A subsection addressing new accounting standards. In...more

U.S. Supreme Court Reaffirms that Only “Humans and Corporations,” Not Unincorporated Entities Like a Trust, May Assert Their Own...

In a unanimous March 7, 2016 opinion authored by Justice Sotomayor, Americold Realty Trust v. Conagra Foods, Inc., et al., , the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed an oft-confused holding relating to diversity jurisdiction: the...more

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