Civil Remedies Consumer Protection Finance & Banking

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Court Grants Student Loan Debt Relief to a Graduate of a Non-Accredited Medical School

On April 4, 2016, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District of New York issued a decision that may significantly change the landscape of student debt relief. In re Decena, No. 15-72903, 2016 WL 1371031 (Bankr....more

Supreme Court Vacates Ninth Circuit Decision in Spokeo, Remands for Analysis of Concrete Harms

On May 16, 2016, the Supreme Court issued its decision in Spokeo v. Robins, which posed the question of whether Article III standing requires a plaintiff to have a concrete injury when alleging a statutory violation under the...more

NY DFS Obtains $3 Million in Restitution for Illegal Payday Lending

On May 18, the New York State Department of Financial Services (DFS) announced a consent order with a debt buyer for purchasing and collecting on allegedly illegal payday loans made to New York consumers, in violation of the...more

NY DFS Obtains $119K in Restitution for Illegal Payday Lending

On May 18, the New York State Department of Financial Services (DFS) announced a consent order with a Virginia debt buyer for collecting on illegal payday loans from New York consumers, in violation of the Fair Debt...more

Pennsylvania AG Sues Financial Services Company for Defrauding Veterans

On May 5, 2016, the Pennsylvania Attorney General announced the filing of a civil lawsuit in the Clinton County (PA) Court of Common Pleas against an Ohio financial services company and its owner for misleading at least four...more

Debt collector, Portfolio Recovery Associates, to pay $18 million to settle TCPA violations

Portfolio Recovery Associates LLC (Portfolio Recovery) agreed to pay $18 million to end multi-district litigation against the debt collection company for its alleged violations of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA)....more

California Federal Court Enters Final Judgment Against Debt Relief Company; Rules in Favor of CFPB

A California federal district court entered a final judgment against a California-based debt settlement company to resolve the CFPB’s charges that the company violated the Telemarketing Sales Rule and the CFPA. Specifically,...more

CFPB Enters Proposed Final Judgment Against Student Debt Relief Company

On March 15, the CFPB filed a proposed Stipulated Final Judgment and Order in a California federal court against a California-based student debt relief company and its owner for alleged violations of the CFPA and the...more

Beating another dead horse: CFPB obtains final judgment against Morgan Drexen

A California federal district court has entered a final judgment in favor of the CFPB in its enforcement action filed in August 2013 against Morgan Drexen, Inc. and its CEO. The lawsuit alleged that Morgan Drexen charged...more

OCC Revises Its Policies for Assessing Penalties against Financial Institutions

The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) has revised its civil monetary penalty (CMP) policy, effective February 26, 2016. The revised Policy and Procedures Manual sets forth the OCC’s new scheme for the assessment...more

CFPB Orders "Buy Here, Pay Here" Auto Dealer to Pay $800,000 for "Abusive" Financing Schemes

Why it matters - Continuing to keep a close eye on the auto lending industry, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) ordered a "Buy Here, Pay Here" car dealer to pay $700,000 in restitution to customers, with a...more

SB 386: Consumer Legal Remedies Act Update

California recently enacted Senate Bill 386. Under existing law, the Consumer Legal Remedies Act, prohibits unfair methods of competition, acts, or practices by any person that either is intended to result of results in the...more

2nd Circuit Rules Bankruptcy Code Does Not Preclude FDCPA Suit in District Court

In Garfield v. Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC, 15-527 (2d Cir. Jan. 4, 2016), the Second Circuit Court of Appeals examined whether a debtor who has been discharged in a bankruptcy can sue in a district court under the Fair Debt...more

FTC Announces New Enforcement Actions Under the Operation Collection Protection Initiative

On January 7, the FTC announced four separate actions under its Operation Collection Protection initiative against collectors allegedly engaging in abusive and deceptive debt collection practices. It also announced that other...more

Florida Court Holds Offer of Judgment Statute is Preempted in Actions under the Florida Consumer Collection Practices Act (FCCPA)

A Hillsborough County Court recently held that Florida’s offer of judgment statute, Fla. Stat. § 768.79, is preempted by the Florida Consumer Collection Practices Act (the “FCCPA”), Fla. Stat. § 559.72.  ...more

Online Services Companies Await Supreme Court Ruling on Standing to Bring Class Actions under Fair Credit Reporting Act

On November 2, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court heard a contentious round of oral arguments in a case that may significantly change the landscape of consumer class actions. The case, Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, is a class action...more

Sprint Agrees to Pay FTC $2.95M Penalty to Settle FCRA Allegations

On October 21, 2015, the Federal Trade Commission announced an agreement with Sprint to resolve allegations that Sprint violated disclosure requirements of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA). Sprint will pay $2.95 million...more

CFPB’s Message to Employment Background Screening Providers: A Rose by Any Other Middle Name is Probably the Wrong Person

On October 29, the CFPB took action against two of the country’s largest employment background screening report providers for violations of the FCRA. This is one of the CFPB’s most significant FCRA actions to date, following...more

"Phantom" Debt Collectors Actually Sued by FTC, Banned From Business

Why it matters - The operators of a scam that processed more than $5.2 million in payments from consumers for payday loans that were not owed to the operators are now banned from the debt collection business, the Federal...more

CFPB Obtains Injunction Against World Law Group

The CFPB recently obtained preliminary injunctions against debt-reduction company World Law Group, its affiliates and its owners, thereby freezing the company’s assets and stopping all further operations pending the outcome...more

CFPB Reaches Out to Offshore Payday Lenders With Federal Complaint

Why it matters - The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) filed a new complaint against several commonly owned payday lenders, alleging that the defendants engaged in unfair, deceptive, and abusive acts and...more

Target Reaches $67 Million Settlement with Visa over Data Breach Claims

More than a year-and-a-half after Target’s December 2013 announcement of a massive data breach, the retailer has reached an agreement with Visa, whereby it will reimburse Visa and certain affected card issuers up to $67...more

Target and Visa Announce $67 Million Settlement

Last winter, following a well-publicized data breach, a group of financial institutions sued Target, arguing that Target should be held responsible for the damages that they had experienced as a result of the data breach...more

Deposit Processing Is Subject of New UDAAP Enforcement

The CFPB, OCC and FDIC (“the regulators”) took action on August 12, 2015 against three banks in the Citizens Bank corporate family, resulting in $11 million in required restitution and a total of $20.5 million in federal...more

Seventh Circuit Holds That Risk of Future Fraudulent Charge on Credit Card Sufficient to Withstand Motion to Dismiss

During the 2013 holiday season, Neiman Marcus, like many other retailers, discovered that its payment card systems had been compromised and customers’ credit and debit card information was potentially stolen....more

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