General Business Conflict of Laws

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2nd Circuit Reinstates Consumer Class Action Against National Debt Buyer Through Preemption Decision

On May 22, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled against a debt collection firm, holding that “non-national bank entities are not entitled to protections under the National Bank Act (“NBA”) from state-law...more

Second Circuit Ruling Undermines National Bank Act Preemption of State Usury Laws for Loans Transferred to Non-Banks

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled last week that a purchaser of charged-off debts from a national bank was not entitled to assert the preemption of state usury laws available to national banks under...more

Ryan v. Editions Limited West, Inc. - USCA, Ninth Cir., May 19, 2015

Ninth Circuit holds Copyright Act does not preclude enforcement of contractual attorneys’ fee provision in copyright-based litigation. Artist Victoria Ryan sued Editions Limited West, Inc. (ELW), a publisher of her...more

Blink and You’ll Miss It: In Lanier v. BATS Exchange, Inc., the Southern District of New York Dismisses Case Alleging Damages as a...

In the blink of an eye, high-frequency trading systems can engage in a staggering number of securities transactions. The subject of Michael Lewis’s popular book, Flash Boys, high-frequency traders seek to maximize profits by...more

Gaming Legal News: Volumn 8, Number 10

MEDICAL MARIJUANA AND GAMING: TO DIVEST OR NOT TO DIVEST? Even as more and more states pass laws permitting sales and use of medical and recreational marijuana, marijuana remains an illegal Schedule I drug under the...more

Locke Lord QuickStudy: “Certified Organic” — A Shield For Defendants Or A Sword For Plaintiffs?

Manufacturers and retailers of organic food products should take note that the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York has held that federal law governing the certification of organic and natural...more

U.S. Supreme Court Lets Natural Gas Act Preemption Seep Away

In Oneok, Inc. v. Learjet, Inc., No. 13-271 (April 21, 2015), the U.S. Supreme Court held in a 7-2 opinion that state law antitrust claims against defendant natural gas pipeline companies did not fall within the field of...more

Asymmetrical Jurisdiction Clauses: Where Are We Heading?

On 25 March 2015, France’s highest court, the Cour de cassation, once again ruled against the validity of a contractual asymmetrical jurisdiction clause, this time on the basis that it was contrary to Article 23 of the 2007...more

Meritas Capability Webinar - California’s Prohibition Against Non-Compete Agreements (B&P Code § 16600), the Protection of Trade... [Video]

Many attorneys representing company’s in or from other states (freedom of contract jurisdictions) believe a well drafted covenant not to compete can be an employer’s best defense against competition from former employees....more

Europeans Authorize Negotiations with US to Loosen Reinsurance Collateral Requirements

Earlier this week, the European Union’s executive body gained key approval to begin negotiations with the United States on a deal aimed at cutting the minimum collateral levels required of foreign reinsurers operating in the...more

Seventh Circuit Affirms Dismissal of EU 261 Claims - Direct Claims Under EU 261 Are Only Actionable in EU Member States

The ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit in Volodarskiy v. Delta Airlines, Inc. follows numerous District Court opinions holding that EU 261 does not provide a right of action enforceable outside the EU...more

SCOTUS Holds Natural Gas Act Does Not Preempt State Law Antitrust Claims

In Oneok, Inc. v. Learjet, Inc., Case No. 13-271 (Apr. 21, 2015), the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Natural Gas Act did not preempt retail customers’ state law antitrust claims against interstate gas pipeline operators for...more

Retail and Fashion Law Trends: What’s ‘‘In’’ for 2015

The retail industry saw a number of significant developments in 2014, many of which were a long time in the making. As courts begin to consider new claims and legislation that arose last year, the industry needs to be aware...more

What is Your Texas Legislature Doing for You Today?

The Texas legislature has been busy on energy. House Bill 40, similar to House Bills 539 and 540, steamrolled through the House of Representatives last week by a vote of 122 to 18. Reminds us of A L pitchers not...more

TracFone Files Supplement to Emergency Petition for FCC Preemption on 911 Fees

As noted in our prior update, in November 2014, the FCC Wireline Competition Bureau issued a Public Notice requesting industry comment on a Petition filed by TracFone Wireless regarding 911 fees charged to Lifeline...more

Ticket to Sue – Pennsylvania’s Registration Requirement for Foreign Business Entities

Consider the following scenario: You represent a foreign corporation in a breach of contract action in Pennsylvania state court. Your client is seeking substantial damages for unpaid widgets that it shipped to the defendant...more

Blog: Recent Decision May Assist Challenges to Alleged Fraudulent Transfers

A recent decision by the Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of New York may enhance the ability of bankruptcy trustees and creditors committees to challenge allegedly fraudulent transfers that could qualify for...more

SEC Adopts Final Rules Expanding Regulation A, Providing a New Option for Offerings Under $50 Million

On March 25, 2015, the SEC formally adopted its final rule amendments governing the expansion of registration exemptions for public offerings of $50 million or less in any 12-month period under Regulation A of the Securities...more

Fee-Shifting Bylaws: State of Play

The fate of “loser plays” fee-shifting bylaw/charter provisions has yet to be finally determined. As previously mentioned in a blog, fee-shifting language has, however, shown up in a number of ways, both with respect to...more

Treaty Preempts Discrimination and Contract Claims From Seat Assignment Dispute - Although the Complaint Did Not Plead a Montreal...

The U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia granted an airline's pre-answer motion to dismiss a passenger's discrimination and breach of contract claims arising from the airline's alleged failure to assign the...more

Locke Lord QuickStudy: New Jersey Appellate Court Rules That HAMP Does Not Bar State Breach of Contract Claims

In Miller v. Bank of America Home Loan Servicing, L.P., A-0169-13T2, the New Jersey Appellate Division recently held that while HAMP precludes a private right of action, it “does not preempt pursuit of valid state law claims...more

U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in Direct Marketing – Out of State Retailers may be in for a Shock!

The U.S. Supreme Court has ruled in one of the three state and local tax cases argued in this term - Direct Marketing Association v. Brohl, 575 U.S. __(2015) At first glance, the Court’s ruling adds clarity to the Tax...more

FedEx Asks Federal Appeals Court to Block California Enforcement Case Alleging Mismanagement of Damaged Products

On February 23, 2015, FedEx Ground Package System, Inc. (“FedEx”) filed an appeal in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (“9th Circuit”), seeking to block an enforcement action brought by the State of California...more

Court Holds That Physician’s State Law Claim For Disability Benefits Is Preempted by ERISA: Hershan v. Unum Group Corporation

A federal court has held that a radiologist’s state law contract claim for certain disability insurance benefits arose under a welfare benefit plan governed by ERISA and was therefore preempted by ERISA. In Hershan v. Unum...more

California: Service of Suit Endorsement Trumps Forum Selection Clause in Case Involving Product Recall Due to Contamination.

On February 5th in a case involving the recall of over $500,000 worth of oyster products made from Korean shellfish, the Southern District of California held: (1) that the policy’s service of suit clause, which gave the...more

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