General Business Finance & Banking Conflict of Laws

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The cannabis industry: how big will it get?

On November 17, the PBS affiliate in Chicago, WTTW, reported the Better Government Association had issued an investigative report on the medical marijuana application process in Illinois. While the “Chicago Tonight” program...more

Nevada’s Business Judgment Rule: FDIC – 4; Management – 0

In recent weeks, the U.S. District Court has issued four separate rulings in cases brought by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) against former bank managers for breach of fiduciary duty. Here is a brief recap...more

Second Circuit Affirms Orders Enjoining Arbitration, Holding Broad Forum Selection Clause Supersedes FINRA Arbitration Rule

The Second Circuit affirmed two cases in which financial services firms had succeeded in enjoining FINRA arbitrations that were initiated against them by public financing entities. The court held that in each case, the FINRA...more

Second Circuit Holds Forum Selection Clause Supersedes FINRA’s Mandatory Arbitration Rule

In Goldman, Sachs & Co. v. Golden Empire Schools Financing Authority, No. 13-797-cv, 2014 WL 4099289 (2d Cir. Aug. 21, 2014), the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that a forum selection clause in a...more

Construction Case Law Update - September 2014

FLORIDA STATE CASES - Forum selection clause in construction contract will not be enforced where third party defendant would be forced to testify in two venues. Forum selection clauses in contracts are generally...more

Forum-Selection vs. Arbitration Issue Teeing Up for Supremes

The Second Circuit stayed its mandate last week to allow public-pension litigants to file cert petitions seeking review of its August holding that a subsequent account-agreement forum-selection clause requiring federal-court...more

A Check in the “Win” Column for Broker-Dealers!

The Second Circuit recently issued a single opinion for two cases [Goldman Sachs & Co. v. Golden Empire Sch. Fin. Auth., No. 13-797-cv (2d Cir. Aug. 21, 2014) and Citigroup Global Mkts. Inc. v. N.C.E. Mun. Power Agency, No....more

Second Circuit Decision Provides Guidance for Drafting Enforceable Broker-Dealer Agreement Forum Selection Clause

On August 21, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit decided two closely watched appeals regarding the intersection of Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (FINRA) rules mandating arbitration of...more

Second Circuit Holds Contractual Forum Selection Clause Supersedes FINRA Mandatory Arbitration Rule

On August 21, the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit decided two closely watched appeals regarding the intersection of Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. rules regarding mandatory arbitration of disputes...more

Second Circuit Finds That Forum Selection Clauses Supersede FINRA Arbitration Rule

On August 21, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that forum selection clauses, requiring “all actions and proceedings” related to the transactions between the parties to be brought in court, supplant...more

Illinois defines metrics for medical cannabis applicants

Cannabis industry hopefuls in Illinois are poised to begin the application process after the three state agencies administering Illinois’ medical marijuana law released long-awaited metrics on Aug. 8....more

California Dividend Statutes Found To Preempt Common Law Claims

Chapter 5 of the California Corporations Code imposes specific limitations on “distributions to shareholders”, a term defined in Corporations Code section 166. Directors who approve the making of any distribution to...more

Summary Of Puerto Rico Public Corporation Debt Enforcement & Recovery Act

On June 28, 2014, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico adopted the Puerto Rico Corporations Debt Enforcement & Recovery Act, Act 71-2014 (the “Debt Enforcement Act”), enabling certain Commonwealth public corporations in financial...more

Out-Of-State Bank Fees Permissible Under Federal Law, Eleventh Circuit Rules

Out-of-state bank fees are permitted under federal law, the Eleventh U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently concluded. A pair of Florida customers – Derek Pereira and Camila De Freitas – presented checks at a Florida...more

Utah Federal Court Dismisses Putative Class’s “True Lender” Claims Against Online Merchant

On May 23, the U.S. District Court for the District of Utah dismissed a putative class action filed against an ecommerce merchant for allegedly operating a financing program that violated various California laws, including...more

Privacy Concerns and the Proposed Reg AB II Revisions Relating to Asset Level Data

In February 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) once again re-opened the comment period with respect to proposed revisions to Regulation AB relating to the disclosure of asset-level data after receiving many...more

Supreme Court to Rule on Controversial Right of Rescission Timeline for Mortgages

The Supreme Court agreed this month to resolve a stark divide in the United State Courts of Appeals regarding the time bar for residential mortgage borrowers to file suits related to mortgage loan rescissions under the Truth...more

Creaking Open the Doors for Marijuana Businesses May Be Big Risk

Banks struggling with the question of whether – and how – to work with marijuana-related businesses can look to Colorado and Washington for ideas, but will do so at their own risk if the ongoing dialogue between FinCEN and...more

Supreme Court Grants Certiorari on Notice of Rescission Under TILA

The United States Supreme Court indicated that it will review an opinion from the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit involving whether notice alone was sufficient to effectuate a rescission under the Truth...more

Federal Preemption Does Not Preclude State Law Claim Based on Alleged HAMP Violations, Minnesota Supreme Court Holds

The Supreme Court of Minnesota last week reversed the dismissal of a borrower’s action against a loan servicer arising out of the servicer’s alleged breach of its Servicer Participation Agreement (SPA) with Fannie Mae under...more

A Bad Turn For Reg A+ And Reg D?

SEC Commissioner Luis A. Aguilar gave a speech to an annual conference of the North American Securities Administrators Association, otherwise known as NASAA. On the issue of Reg A+ preemption of state law, the Commissioner...more

Marijuana Taxation Update: State Sanctioned Marijuana Industry Must Keep the Federal Anti-Drug Trafficking Tax Code in Mind

As we have previously reported, despite the growing number of States that have authorized the use of marijuana in various forms, the federal government has continued to crack down on dispensaries. In addition to direct...more

FinCEN Issues Guidance for Financial Institutions Seeking to Provide Services to Marijuana-Related Businesses

The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”) issued guidance (the “Guidance”) to clarify FinCEN’s expectations as to how financial institutions (“FIs” and each an “FI”) will meet their compliance requirements under the...more

Anti-Money Laundering Compliance Update: FinCEN Issues Guidance For Financial Institutions Providing Services To Marijuana-Related...

On February 14, 2014, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (“FinCEN”) issued its guidance “BSA Expectations Regarding Marijuana-Related Businesses” in an effort to clarify Bank Secrecy Act (“BSA”) expectations for...more

Securities Regulator “Surprised and Offended” By SEC’s Regulation A+ Proposal

Section 401 of the JOBS Act directs the Securities and Exchange Commission to adopt rules exempting offerings of up to $50 million of securities annually from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as...more

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