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Forex trading probes: what is the legal position of the individual?

Forex trading cases are back in the headlines after record settlements by a group of banks with UK and U.S. authorities. The best coverage is in the FT....more

Mercuria v Citigroup: The issues and implications for the commodities market

The judgment on the claim brought by Mercuria Energy Trading Pte Ltd and Mercuria Energy Group Ltd (Mercuria) against Citibank NA and Citigroup Capital Markets Ltd (Citi), has now been published by the English Commercial...more

CFTC Revises Seven-Part Test for Forward Contracts with Embedded Volumetric Optionality

On May 18, 2015, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) published a final interpretation on forward contracts with embedded volumetric optionality (“Final EVO Interpretation”).1 In the Final EVO...more

ICMA Publishes Updated Model Sovereign Bond Clauses

The model clauses should lead to greater consistency and efficiency in sovereign bond restructurings. On May 11, the International Capital Market Association (ICMA) published a revised version of its model collective...more

California ‘Under 2 MOU’ Demonstrates Ambition and Bottom Up Support for GHG Reductions in the Lead Up to COP 21

On May 19, 2015, California Governor Jerry Brown entered into a Memorandum of Understanding on Subnational Global Climate Leadership (the “MOU”) with eleven other leaders from jurisdictions in North America, South America and...more

Top Antitrust Enforcers Respond to Congressional Questioning

Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Chairwoman Edith Ramirez and Assistant Attorney General William Baer testified before the House Committee on the Judiciary’s Subcommittee on Regulatory Reform, Commercial and Antitrust Law on...more

EB What? Considering Other Alternatives to the EB-5 Visa

Overview - The EB-5 Visa program has been widely promoted as a legal basis for foreign business owners to gain conditional residency followed by permanent residency in the United States. The program is a great solution...more

10 Keys To a Successful LNG Export Project

Introduction - With dozens of LNG export projects proposed around the globe in a low oil price environment, it is essential that project sponsors today consider those attributes that facilitate a successful project....more

Letters of the Law: 'J' is for Jurisdiction

The first step when you cannot resolve your dispute is the "jurisdiction" clause in your contract. In some contracts the jurisdiction clause has been ferociously reviewed, considered and negotiated. Other contracts completely...more

'Commercial' Bribery: No Hiding Places

Graham Marchment was a British engineer in the oil and gas industry, with responsibilities for procurement. He accepted money, described as ‘commission’, from various bidders, in exchange for confidential information about...more

E-commerce delay in product delivery can be misleading

The Italian Competition Authority (AGCM) recently sanctioned three e-commerce operators for unfair commercial practices due to lack (or delay) in the delivery of products initially declared to be in stock and due to false...more

"Agencies Propose Expanding US Export Controls on Cameras, Night Vision Equipment and Sensing Technology"

On May 5, 2015, the U.S. Commerce Department’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) and the U.S. State Department’s Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) proposed extensive revisions to the current U.S. export...more

Gaming M&A season just started!

The announcement of the integration between SNAI and Cogemat/Cogetech is just the beginning of a season of major acquisitions in gaming sector.  But what is the right approach to enter into a new market or consolidate the...more

SEC’s Proposed SBS Rules on Cross-Border Security-Based Swap Activities

When the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules in June 2014 on the cross-border activities of security-based swap (SBS) dealers and major SBS participants, the SEC indicated that it would reserve the...more

Trade Promotion Authority Bill Advances

The Trade Promotion Authority (TPA) legislation to facilitate the consideration of trade agreements such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) continues to be...more

New Compliance Surveys: “The Answers Are Not Pretty.”

While there is no shortage of compliance and ethics polls/surveys which populate the newsfeeds, there are two that recently caught my attention, both of which point to the same result, as well stated in The Street, The Bull...more

Economic Downturn Week, Part I – Mapping of Your Internal Compliance Controls

This week I will present a series on steps that you can take in your compliance program if you find yourself, your company or your industry in an economic downturn. All of the recommendations I will make are ideas that have...more

General Court Rules on Relationship Between “Standard” and Settlement Cartel Procedures for First Time

General Court confirms Commission could impose higher fine during standard procedure than range proposed during settlement discussions. Summary - On 20 May 2015 the General Court (GC) dismissed the Roullier...more

Tea Leaves from AAG Caldwell on An Effective Compliance Program

The government is on a public relation campaign. Department of Justice and SEC officials have been making the rounds and giving important speeches on criminal prosecutions, cooperation and voluntary disclosure and ethics and...more

Reporting Requirement for All U.S. Persons That Hold Interests in Foreign Affiliates

Pursuant to the requirements of the International Investment and Trade and Services Survey Act and related statutes, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) collects information on international...more

Corruption Risks for Investors

Instances of corruption can have a significant impact on a company’s finances and reputation. Violations of regulations such as the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) or the UK Bribery Act can mean substantial penalties,...more

Alert: European Commission Launches Digital Single Market Strategy with a Laundry List of Measures, Including Antitrust Sector...

On 6 May 2015, the European Commission (Commission) finally unveiled its plans for a wide range of measures designed to create a functioning Digital Single Market in the EU. Attention is therefore now switching to how the...more

Canada and Mexico to Seek Retaliatory Measures Following WTO’s Final Ruling Against U.S. Meat Labeling Law

On May 18, the World Trade Organization’s (“WTO”) Appellate Body upheld a ruling that U.S. country-of-origin labeling (“COOL”) requirements for meat continue to discriminate against imported livestock from Canada and Mexico...more

Why Did BHP Billiton Settle an FCPA Case Including 7+ Year-Old Conduct?

Remember the Water Cube from the 2008 Olympics in Beijing? BHP Billiton has probably had reason to think about it recently. On Wednesday it settled an FCPA case with the SEC arising out of the company’s sponsoring the...more

On the Oregon Trail: the BHP Enforcement Action and High-Risk Hospitality

The settlers who took off on this Great Emigration on the Oregon Trail did not have anything in the way of a road map. Fortunately for the modern day anti-corruption compliance practitioner, you do have road maps that can...more

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