General Business Science, Computers & Technology Antitrust & Trade Regulation

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General Court of the EU Confirms Fines Imposed on Lundbeck and Generic Drug Manufacturers for Entering into Patent Settlements

On 8 September 2016, the General Court of the EU (GCEU) handed down five judgments upholding a decision by the Commission of 19 June 2013 imposing fines on Lundbeck, an originator company, and Merck (the parent company of...more

Buying and selling online: the EU's new findings on e-commerce

On 15 September 2016, after more than a year of information-gathering and analysis, the European Commission published a voluminous report (291 pages) of preliminary findings from its large-scale e-commerce inquiry (the...more

Ransomware Prevention Highlighted at FTC Technology Workshop

The Federal Trade Commission kicked-off its series of fall technology events with an afternoon workshop exploring ransomware on Wednesday, September 7. While malicious computer code is nothing new, infiltrating computer...more

Privacy Tip #50 – FTC Issues Brochure on 10 Ways to Avoid Fraud

With more and more information online, it is easy to accumulate a lot of information about individuals just by using a search engine. Scammers use online information to build profiles of victims and then use different scams...more

DOJ Sues to Halt Deere’s Acquisition of Monsanto’s Precision Planting

The Department of Justice (“DOJ”) sued this week to stop Deere & Co.’s acquisition of Monsanto Co.’s Precision Planting, explaining that the deal would harm farmers. The companies make high-speed precision planting systems,...more

Compounding Pharmacy’s Group Boycott Claim Survives Motion to Dismiss

On August 23, 2016, the District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri allowed claims by a compounding pharmacy to proceed, denying a motion to dismiss filed by the defendant pharmacy benefit manager (“PBM”). In...more

FTC Announces FinTech Forum on Crowdfunding, Peer-to-Peer Payments

On August 3, 2016, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released two items in connection with its series of events on the implications of FinTech for consumers. First, the FTC announced it will be hosting the next event in the...more

Choice-of-Law Rules Prevent Costco from Suing as Indirect Purchaser in California

In another development in the ongoing cathode ray tube (CRT) multidistrict litigation, Judge Tigar of the Northern District of California ruled that Costco could not recover any damages it sustained as an indirect purchaser...more

The FTC Requires Largest-Ever Generic Drug Divestiture

The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) recently announced a settlement resolving its competitive concerns over the merger of two leading generic drug manufacturers – Teva and Allergan. In July 2015, Teva agreed to acquire...more

EU Court Rules That Royalties for Unpatented Technology Are Not Necessarily Anticompetitive

On 7 July 2016, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) handed down a judgment on whether Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) must be interpreted as precluding effect being...more

FTC Announces Substantial Increases to Civil Penalties

On Wednesday, June 29, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced substantial increases to the maximum civil penalties for 16 distinct violations of certain laws enforced by the FTC. Notable increases were announced for...more

Narrowing the Gap for the Price-Cost Test: Lessons From Eisai v. Sanofi-Aventis

For companies that rely on price discounting as a sales and marketing tool, navigating antitrust risk can be difficult. Lower prices always benefit customers in the short run, but economic theory creates room for plaintiffs...more

European Commission moves to restrict geoblocking

On 25 May 2016 the European Commission published draft legislation aimed at restricting the use of geoblocking and similar practices by websites selling to into the European Union. The European Commission has published a...more

China Competition Authority Initiates Drug Pricing Investigation

On May 22, 2015, the National Development and Reform Commission (the NDRC) of China promulgated a notice (the Pricing Investigation Notice) announcing that it would carry out a nationwide drug pricing investigation on...more

FCC Issues Tariff Investigation Order and NPRM Which Proposes to Substantially Revise and Expand the Regulation of Business Data...

In May 2016, the FCC moved forward with its decade-overdue reform of the $45 Billion per year dedicated business data services (“BDS”) market. BDS providers, including major incumbent telecommunications companies and now even...more

FTC Maintains Aggressive Stance Against Pay-for-Delay Deals

A recent complaint filed by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) indicates that the agency is continuing its aggressive pursuit of agreements between drug manufacturers that delay the entry of generic pharmaceuticals into the...more

Is That a Carrot or a Stick in Your Hand? The Third Circuit Examines the Line Between Competition and Coercion in De Facto...

We recently wrote about attempts to force exclusivity onto customers. But firms with large or dominant market shares often must walk a fine line between properly offering customers percentage-based discounts and improperly...more

"Big Data Enters the Agenda of EU Antitrust Authorities"

On May 10, 2016, the French Competition Authority and German Federal Cartel Office published “Competition Law and Data,” a joint report on big data and its implications for competition law. The paper identifies issues that...more

FTC: Data Security Primer for Small Businesses and Start-ups

The Federal Trade Commission will host a one day-conference in Chicago at Northwestern’s Pritzker School of Law on June 15, 2016. This event will be the fourth of the FTC’s Start with Security Events nationwide, which build...more

FTC Enters into Consent Agreement Regarding Company's Use of Exclusive Contracts

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) recently announced that Invibio, which sells high-performance polymer for medical implants, has settled charges that the company monopolized sales to medical device makers through unlawful...more

Federal Trade Commission to Consider FinTech

The Federal Trade Commission is joining the FinTech party, announcing a series of events to explore emerging financial technology....more

Breaking: Third Circuit Dismisses Antitrust Suit Concerning Marketing of Lovenox

Earlier today, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals upheld the decision of the District of New Jersey trial court dismissing the antitrust claims lobbed against Sanofi-Aventis by its rival pharmaceutical company Eisai. The...more

When Customer Supply Contracts Lead to Trouble: Exclusive Dealing Provisions Result in FTC Monopolization Action against Invibio

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) continues to aggressively enforce the antitrust laws. On April 27, 2016, the FTC took action against Victrex, plc and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Invibio, Inc. and Invibio Limited...more

European Court of Justice to Rule on Legality of Online Sales Bans

An appeal court in Frankfurt has asked the European Court of Justice to clarify the application of the competition rules to online sales. The Frankfurt court made its request in the context of a dispute between a leader in...more

FTC Settles Monopolization Charges Stemming from Contract Exclusivity Terms Used by First-to-Market Medical Polymer Maker

The mere possession of monopoly power does not violate federal antitrust laws. The laws only address the anticompetitive acquisition, maintenance, or abuse of that power. The Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) entered into a...more

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