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From the Transportation Archives: The Perfect Storm: The Parameters of a Successful “Act Of God” Defense in Freight Claims

Federal and state law have long established that a shipper cannot prevail in a freight claim against a carrier if an “Act of God” caused the freight damage, loss, or delay in question. This “Act of God” defense is available...more

The Issue of Priority and Statutory Ship Mortgages in the British Virgin Islands

Shipping business in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) is fast developing, and with this development, it is important to understand some critical elements, being financing and taking of security; hence, the significance of BVI...more

Nationality of Vessels on Sea Trials Under U.S. Law

In 2013, approximately 1,147 commercial and military vessels were delivered by United States shipyards. This total includes vessels of all types – 8 deep-draft vessels and structures, 219 OSVs, tugs, towboats, passenger and...more

The OSV Regs Cometh

As previously reported here, the offshore industry has been anxiously awaiting new United States Coast Guard (USCG) regulations for large offshore supply vessels (OSVs) in the wake of the 2010 Coast Guard Authorization Act...more

How Convenient: Vessel Registration and Mortgages in the Republics of the Marshall Islands and Liberia

Two registries of significant interest to shipowners are the registries of the Republics of the Marshall Islands and Liberia. Significantly, insofar as it does not conflict with the statutory laws, each country has adopted...more

The Carriage of Goods at Sea Act Requires that Suit Be Brought Within One Year of “Delivery”

In this case, the plaintiff entered into a contract of carriage wherein the defendant agreed to ship pears to a consignee in Brazil. A later inspection discovered that the pears froze during the voyage, causing the fruits to...more

Enforcing Foreign Judgments in U.S. Admiralty Courts: Second Circuit Prefers Substance Over Form

After protracted and expensive litigation overseas, you obtain a judgment against the defendant. There remains one series of hurdles left to cross: the defendant refuses to pay that judgment and has no assets in the country...more

A New Era For Vessel Sharing Agreements – FMC Allows P3 and G6 Alliances To Go into Effect

On March 20, 2014, the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) announced that by a vote of 4-1, it had decided to let the P3 Network Vessel Sharing Agreement, among CMA CGM S.A., A.P. Moller-Maersk A/S trading under the name of...more

Unrest in Egypt – issues faced by shipowners

Current status in Egypt - The overthrow of President Mohammed Morsi by the Egyptian military has resulted in violent scenes, civil unrest and hundreds of deaths across Egypt. Many in the maritime world are watching...more

2013 AAPA Port Administration and Legal Issues Seminar - Update on the Rotterdam Rules

In This Presentation: Update on the Rotterdam Rules. Excerpt from Update on the Rotterdam Rules - What is it? ..The Rotterdam Rules is a new draft multilateral Convention to update the liability...more

Surely, There’s a Better Way: A Critique of Current Federal Regulation of Marine Terminal Operators

In This Presentation: Federal Regulation of Ports; Federal Port Regulation in a Nutshell; Additional Prohibitions (Apply to other actors, not bound by reasonableness factors); Agreements Must be Filed if . . .; Other...more

TRANSACTIONAL: Transactions: Amendments to 1976 LLMC Convention Increase Maritime Accident Exposure for LNG Vessel Owners –...

The Convention of Liability for Maritime Claims 19 November 1976 ("1976 LLMC" or the "Convention"), as amended by the Protocol of 1996, is a convention designed primarily to limit liability for shipowners for maritime...more

Restructuring & Beyond: The marine industry’s routes to safety: Survival strategies and new opportunities for companies, banks and...

Shipping has its fortunes anchored to the health of the global economy. As long as supply exceeds demand, there will be companies at risk of failure. More than four years into the industry’s downturn, market equilibrium...more

Federal Maritime Commission Proposes New Rules for Ocean Transportation Intermediaries

On May 31, 2013, the United States Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) issued a wide-ranging proposed rulemaking significantly affecting the licensing, financial responsibility and duties of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries...more

Cuba Practice Update - April 11, 2013

Cuba Details Rules for Special Economic Zone - The Cuban government last week released details of customs reforms for a long-planned free trade industrial manufacturing and maritime shipping facility in the Mariel...more

Florida Port Strike May Not Happen As Negotiations Continue Into 2013: News Release of the Week

Florida's economy needs its active and efficient ports and while on one hand, there's construction underway to make Port Miami big enough to deal with the increased traffic coming from the Panama Canal expansion, on the other...more

Strike Threatens Port of Charleston

After the latest breakdown in labor negotiations, ports along the U.S. East and Gulf coasts, including Charleston, are threatened with a strike by the International Longshoremen’s Association (ILA). The ILA and the...more

TRANSACTIONAL: Transaction: Allocation of Ship-Shore Liability: Use of Port Liability Agreements to Provide Protection and...

The use of port liability agreements to allocate ship-shore liability in a marine casualty event has been widely adopted by U.S. LNG import terminals. As many of these terminals transition to bi-directional operations, they...more

Port State Control Detention Over Two Hour Temporary Defect Upheld

In a decision handed down last week, the Administrative Appeals Tribunal upheld a PortState Control decision to detain a ship for a defect which was rectified within approximately two hours of the inspection. Whilst the...more

Foreign Arbitration Agreements in Australian Voyage Charterparties Void

In a recent decision the Federal Court of Australia held that foreign arbitration agreements in voyage charterparties for the carriage of goods from Australia are void. As a result, the Court refused to enforce two London...more

Application of the word "about" – When does under-consumption start?

The Gaz Energy No.2 On 21 June 2012, the High Court handed down its decision on a time charter performance case where the issue was whether, in circumstances where the vessel has performed within the consumption...more

GUARDCON

All industry participants will be well aware of the difficulties caused by the recent flourishing of piracy in the western Indian Ocean and elsewhere. A whole vessel security industry continues to grow, particularly in Dubai,...more

What’s done cannot be undone: The perils of e-mail confirmations of payments for vessel necessaries

Most contracts for the sale of goods and services contain a standard provision regarding the application of payments on overdue accounts, such as: “When more than one invoice is past due at the same time, Seller shall be...more

When No Privity of Contract Qualifies as “Any Contractual Relationship” under OPA

Transactions to procure supplies for vessels engaged in international trade typically involve numerous international and local brokers, agents and contractors.  The vessel operator or charterer will place an order...more

A Checklist: What to Expect When Financing Vessel Construction

When seeking construction financing for a proposed newbuilding, shipowners should understand and be prepared to address the particular concerns that lenders have in assessing risk and documenting vessel construction...more

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