General Business Transportation Maritime

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From the Benesch Transportation Archives: Rotterdam Rules—The Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods...

The Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea, otherwise known as the “Rotterdam Rules,” was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 2008. The stated...more

Competition & Regulation Update: Harper Review - Key Recommendations For Port And Rail Infrastructure Operators/Users

The long-awaited Harper Panel's Final Report on Australian competition law and policy has been released. In this update, we highlight the key recommendations of the panel relevant to port and rail infrastructure operators and...more

Is payment of time charter hire a condition? The Astra reconsidered.

In Kuwait Rocks Co v AMB Bulkcarriers Inc (The Astra), Flaux J determined that the obligation to make punctual payment of hire under an amended NYPE time charter, whether on its own or in conjunction with an anti-technicality...more

Mainbrace: March 2015 No. 2

In this issue: - A Note from the Editor - Congress and Administration Take Cautious Approach to Crude Exports as Oil Prices Fall - Meet Blank Rome—Fairfield Sentry: Comity, Seller’s Remorse, and Chapter...more

West Coast Ports Labor Turmoil - Time to Dust Off That Overlooked Force Majeure Clause?

The simmering labor dispute between the International Longshoreman and Warehouse Union and the Pacific Maritime Association, which represents West Coast port owners, has begun to capture the attention of businesses that have...more

What if the West Coast Ports Shut Down by Lockout or Strike? Is it Time to Invoke Taft-Hartley?

Since the expiration of a labor contract in July 2014, negotiations for a new contract have dragged on between management representatives of the Pacific Maritime Association (PMA)—a multi-employer bargaining association...more

“OCEAN VICTORY” – Court of Appeal Decision

In Gard Marine & Energy Ltd v China National Chartering Co Ltd (Rev 1) [2015] EWCA Civ 16, the Appellant sub-charterers appealed the 2013 judgment of Teare J....more

Major Changes to Cuban Assets Control and Export Regulations Create New Opportunities for Trade

Action Item: On January 16, 2015, the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control and the U.S. Department of Commerce amended the Cuban Assets Control Regulations and the Export Administration...more

Trade Sanctions Roundup: U.S. Closes Out 2014 with Major Actions on Cuba, Russia, and Syria

The end of 2014 has seen major developments in U.S. foreign relations and sanctions policy with broad implications for the maritime industry. On December 17, President Obama announced a paradigm shift in relations with Cuba,...more

LNG as a Fuel

The use of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) as a transportation fuel for ships, barges, and ferries has surged in recent months. This surge is due, in large part, to the boon in the production of natural gas in the U.S.; new low...more

Legislation Alters Shipping Act Treatment of Attorneys’ Fees

Late yesterday, both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate passed S. 2444, the Howard Coble Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Act of 2014....more

From the Transportation Archives: The Perfect Storm: The Parameters of a Successful “Act Of God” Defense in Freight Claims

Federal and state law have long established that a shipper cannot prevail in a freight claim against a carrier if an “Act of God” caused the freight damage, loss, or delay in question. This “Act of God” defense is available...more

The Issue of Priority and Statutory Ship Mortgages in the British Virgin Islands

Shipping business in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) is fast developing, and with this development, it is important to understand some critical elements, being financing and taking of security; hence, the significance of BVI...more

Nationality of Vessels on Sea Trials Under U.S. Law

In 2013, approximately 1,147 commercial and military vessels were delivered by United States shipyards. This total includes vessels of all types – 8 deep-draft vessels and structures, 219 OSVs, tugs, towboats, passenger and...more

The OSV Regs Cometh

As previously reported here, the offshore industry has been anxiously awaiting new United States Coast Guard (USCG) regulations for large offshore supply vessels (OSVs) in the wake of the 2010 Coast Guard Authorization Act...more

How Convenient: Vessel Registration and Mortgages in the Republics of the Marshall Islands and Liberia

Two registries of significant interest to shipowners are the registries of the Republics of the Marshall Islands and Liberia. Significantly, insofar as it does not conflict with the statutory laws, each country has adopted...more

The Carriage of Goods at Sea Act Requires that Suit Be Brought Within One Year of “Delivery”

In this case, the plaintiff entered into a contract of carriage wherein the defendant agreed to ship pears to a consignee in Brazil. A later inspection discovered that the pears froze during the voyage, causing the fruits to...more

Enforcing Foreign Judgments in U.S. Admiralty Courts: Second Circuit Prefers Substance Over Form

After protracted and expensive litigation overseas, you obtain a judgment against the defendant. There remains one series of hurdles left to cross: the defendant refuses to pay that judgment and has no assets in the country...more

A New Era For Vessel Sharing Agreements – FMC Allows P3 and G6 Alliances To Go into Effect

On March 20, 2014, the Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) announced that by a vote of 4-1, it had decided to let the P3 Network Vessel Sharing Agreement, among CMA CGM S.A., A.P. Moller-Maersk A/S trading under the name of...more

Unrest in Egypt – issues faced by shipowners

Current status in Egypt - The overthrow of President Mohammed Morsi by the Egyptian military has resulted in violent scenes, civil unrest and hundreds of deaths across Egypt. Many in the maritime world are watching...more

2013 AAPA Port Administration and Legal Issues Seminar - Update on the Rotterdam Rules

In This Presentation: Update on the Rotterdam Rules. Excerpt from Update on the Rotterdam Rules - What is it? ..The Rotterdam Rules is a new draft multilateral Convention to update the liability...more

Surely, There’s a Better Way: A Critique of Current Federal Regulation of Marine Terminal Operators

In This Presentation: Federal Regulation of Ports; Federal Port Regulation in a Nutshell; Additional Prohibitions (Apply to other actors, not bound by reasonableness factors); Agreements Must be Filed if . . .; Other...more

TRANSACTIONAL: Transactions: Amendments to 1976 LLMC Convention Increase Maritime Accident Exposure for LNG Vessel Owners –...

The Convention of Liability for Maritime Claims 19 November 1976 ("1976 LLMC" or the "Convention"), as amended by the Protocol of 1996, is a convention designed primarily to limit liability for shipowners for maritime...more

Restructuring & Beyond: The marine industry’s routes to safety: Survival strategies and new opportunities for companies, banks and...

Shipping has its fortunes anchored to the health of the global economy. As long as supply exceeds demand, there will be companies at risk of failure. More than four years into the industry’s downturn, market equilibrium...more

Federal Maritime Commission Proposes New Rules for Ocean Transportation Intermediaries

On May 31, 2013, the United States Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) issued a wide-ranging proposed rulemaking significantly affecting the licensing, financial responsibility and duties of Ocean Transportation Intermediaries...more

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