Conflict of Laws Consumer Protection Products Liability

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Federal Preemption of State and Local Laws Governing Children's Products

In January 2015, Albany County became the first of several municipalities in New York to enact a version of the “Toxic Free Toys Act” ("the Act") prohibiting any amount of six heavy metals and benzene in children’s products...more

Cut the Fat . . . Just Not Yet: Court Rules that PHO Claims Are Preempted

Northern District of California Judge Maxine Chesney recently granted Nestlé’s motion to dismiss a challenge to partially hydrogenated oil (PHO) in Nestlé’s Coffee-mate® coffee-creamer products, finding plaintiff’s claims...more

GMO Labeling Debates Forge On After Close Senate Vote

The GMO war rages on after a close vote in the Senate last week addressing proposed voluntary, national standards for GMO labeling. A 48-49 split means the Senate failed to invoke cloture to bring the Biotechnology Labeling...more

Testing 101: Court Dismisses Whole Foods’ Yogurt MDL over Failure to Comply With FDA Testing Requirements

On February 16, 2016, U.S. District Judge Sam Sparks of the Western District of Texas dismissed a multidistrict litigation involving 11 putative class action lawsuits against various Whole Foods corporate entities and...more

Ninth Circuit Affirms Bar on California AG’s Efforts to Enforce Slack Fill Provisions Against Del Real in Meat and Poultry Case

On February 12, 2016, the Ninth Circuit affirmed the district court’s decision barring the California Attorney General’s efforts to enforce nonfunctional slack fill provisions against Del Real LLC, a producer of Mexican...more

Preemption Defense in the Ninth Circuit Is “Not Dead Yet”

Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975) contained a scene where bodies of plague victims were brought out to the curb for collection via a cart whether or not they properly belonged there. One living fellow insists on not...more

Wyeth v. Levine’s ‘Clear Evidence' Language: Clearly Misunderstood

In 2009, the United States Supreme Court in Wyeth v. Levine affirmed a judgment rejecting a prescription drug manufacturer’s contention that plaintiff’s claim that the manufacturer should have strengthened its U.S. Food and...more

California Recognizes State Claim for Foods Mislabeled as “Organic”

On December 3, 2015, the California Supreme Court held that a claim for intentionally mislabeling produce as “organic” is not preempted by the federal regulatory regime for certifying organic growers. Quesada v. Herb Thyme...more

Putting A Lotion Claim In The Primary Jurisdiction Basket

When Jame Gumb urged his captive to put lotion on her skin, he was not concerned with improving its firmness. While Buffalo Bill from "Silence of the Lambs" may not be who most would think about when reading Franz v....more

Feel The Burn: Court of Appeal Strikes Down State Law Claims Regarding Mislabeled Sunscreen Products Under Finding of Federal...

In Eckler v. Neutrogena (certified for publication 7/1/15, Case No. B2536910), the California Court of Appeal, Second Appellate District, upheld the trial court’s determination that plaintiffs’ claims of mislabeling sunscreen...more

Consumer Food Fraud Claim Sinks in Arkansas Safe Harbor

On this date in 1896 the Dutch completed the harbor at IJmuiden. (That capital J is not a mistake. The I and J go together as a digraph, and they form a ligature that effectively makes up a single letter in the Dutch...more

The Label on Your "Handmade" Whiskey Is Causing More Problems Than You Think

The recent market for artisanal and handcrafted goods has spawned a spate of consumer class actions against makers of popular liquors, including Tito’s Vodka, Maker’s Mark, and Jim Beam, for using terms like “handmade,”...more

Albany County’s “Safe Toys” Legislation on Hold Pending Court Proceeding

Earlier this year, we wrote about a far-reaching product safety ordinance enacted into law in Albany County, NY (the “County”) entitled “The Toxic Free Toys Act.” At the time, we expressed our concern that numerous issues...more

Cosmetic Safety Legislation Introduced, Again

In what is the latest in a line of Congressional proposals to beef up the federal government’s authority to regulate cosmetics, Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), has proposed a bill aimed at dramatically increasing Food and...more

Weird "Science" = Preemption

Here at the DDL Blog, we write from time to time on food litigation. You might think it’s out of left field, and sometimes we even justify our food posts by pointing out that the “F” in FDCA stands for “Food.” But we need...more

Going The Distance To Limit Preemption

Anybody who watched the Mayweather-Pacquiao fight knows that a long fight does not necessarily make for an exciting fight. Thirty-six minutes of “action” can actually contain very little action. The exceedingly long...more

Recent Ninth Circuit Decisions in False Advertising Consumer Class Action Cases May Prevent Preemption and Relegate the Primary...

In two recent decisions, Reid v. Johnson & Johnson, __ F.3d __, Case No. 12-56726 (9th Cir. March 13, 2015) and Astiana v. The Hain Celestial Group, Inc., __ F.3d __, Case No. 12-17596 (9th Cir. April 10, 2015), the Ninth...more

First Circuit Decision Strengthens Preemption Defense in Name-Brand Pharmaceutical Litigation

On February 20, 2015, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit affirmed the dismissal of plaintiffs’ state-law consumer protection claims against a name-brand pharmaceutical manufacturer, concluding they were impliedly...more

Court Finds that Class Action Plaintiffs’ False Advertising Claims are Stripped Bayer Based on Federal Preemption

In the recent case of Gallagher v. Bayer AG, Case No. 14-cv-04601-WHO (N.D. Cal. March 10, 2015), the plaintiffs asserted that the defendants Bayer AG and related entities (collectively, “Bayer”) engaged in false advertising...more

Albany County, NY Enacts Stringent Children’s Product Safety Law

Do local governments, such as town councils and county legislatures, have a role in regulating consumer products that is typically reserved for the federal and state governments? Apparently, the legislature and executive of...more

Lanham Act Claims Are Not Precluded by Compliance with the FDCA

In POM Wonderful LLC v. Coca-Cola Co., decided last month, the U.S. Supreme Court confirmed that companies can bring unfair competition actions under the Lanham Act even when their competitors have complied with the Federal...more

Food Litigation Newsletter - August 2014

In This Issue: - Recent Significant Rulings ..Court Dismisses Most of plaintiff’s Claims Based on Regulatory Violations ..Court Dismisses MSG Claims in Part on Preemption Grounds ..Court Partially...more

Supreme Court Decision May Lead to More False Advertising Claims in Food and Beverage Industry

The Supreme Court's ruling in Pom Wonderful LLC v. Coca-Cola Co. may open the door to more false advertising claims regarding food and beverage labeling....more

POM v. Coke Does Not Alter The Landscape for Food False Advertising Class Actions

After the oral argument in POM Wonderful LLC v. Coca-Cola Co., No. 12-761, the Supreme Court appeared all but certain to allow competitors to sue for false advertising under the Lanham Act over labels of FDA-regulated food...more

Recent Supreme Court Decision on “Truth-in-Labeling” Has Far-Reaching Implications

On April 28, 2014, we reported on the United States Supreme Court’s involvement in the juice-labeling lawsuit between POM Wonderful LLC (“POM”) and Coca-Cola (“Coke”). In POM Wonderful LLC v. Coca-Cola Co. (“POM”), POM sued...more

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