Constitutional Law Tax

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Trusts Find Shelter from State Taxes in State Courts

In two recent cases, taxpayers have successfully challenged state taxation of trust income on the basis that the taxing states had a minimal connection to the trust. In The Kimberly Rice Kaestner 1992 Family Trust v. North...more

SCC Dismisses Appeal in Tax Advisor Penalty Case

The Supreme Court of Canada has dismissed the appeal of the taxpayer and determined that the tax advisor penalty in section 163.2 of the Income Tax Act is administrative in nature. The Court’s 4-3 decision in Guindon v. The...more

The Wine Institute and Reed Smith Team Up To Fight Illinois False Claims Act Overreach

On July 28, 2015, on behalf of the Wine Institute and its members, Reed Smith filed an action in the Circuit Court of Cook County, Illinois against the Illinois Attorney General (the “Attorney General”) and the Illinois...more

Revisit employment policies in light of Supreme Court’s same-sex marriage ruling

Since December 2013, when the U.S. District Court for the District of Utah concluded that Utah’s definition of marriage as the union between only a man and a woman was unconstitutional, the validity of same-sex marriage has...more

Illinois Court Finds Special Property Tax Exemption Unconstitutional

A property tax exemption designed to benefit a single aviation company was recently found unconstitutional by the Illinois Appellate Court. The exemption was only for fixed base operators (FBOs) providing aeronautical...more

Disparate Impact is Here to Stay: What the Supreme Court's Decision Means for the Multi-Family Industry

On June 25, 2015, Justice Kennedy delivered the Supreme Court’s decision in Texas v. Inclusive Communities Project. In the case, the Court determined that the Fair Housing Act of 1968 includes disparate impact claims. Prior...more

When the Fifth Amendment Privilege Doesn't Work-Tax Cases

A recent decision of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals illustrates the futility of expecting that the Fifth Amendment Privilege Against Self-incrimination will shield taxpayers from production of offshore financial records. ...more

Lawsuit by U.S. Presidential Candidate Challenges the Constitutionality of FATCA

Senator Rand Paul, R-Ky., along with six current and former U.S. citizens living abroad, filed a lawsuit, July 14, in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio challenging the constitutionality of the Foreign...more

Supremes Tell States Gay Marriage is Legal

Recently, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down state laws the prohibit gay marriage in Obergfell v. Hodges, No. 14-556 (June 26, 2015), First, the Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment requires a State to license a marriage...more

Obergefell v. Hodges – Same-Sex Marriage Now Legal in all 50 States

Same-sex Marriage Now Legal in All 50 States - In 2013, the Supreme Court, in United States v. Windsor, struck down Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (“DOMA”) which defined marriage, for Federal purposes, as...more

Supreme Court Affirms FHA Disparate Impact Claims

Late last month, the Supreme Court handed down a significant decision affecting rights and obligations under the Fair Housing Act. The Court’s 5-4 decision in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive...more

The Effect of Obergefell v. Hodges for Same-Sex Couples

issued on the second-to-last decision day of the term, and provides that same-sex couples have had a constitutional right to marry since at least the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment. This ruling may come as a surprise to...more

Anti-Discrimination Housing Laws Tackled by U.S. Supreme Court

Public Agencies May Face Litigation, but Court-Imposed Safeguards to Limit Liability - Having taken up the question twice before only to see both cases settle, the United States Supreme Court recently concluded that...more

Could Maryland v. Wynne Result in NY Refunds?

A new U.S. Supreme Court case, Maryland v. Wynne, will likely have a broad impact on various state taxation schemes, and it could create the potential for refunds for numerous taxpayers. Taxpayers who have paid tax to...more

MoFo New York Tax Insights - Volume 6, Issue 7 - July 2015

In This Issue: - Important Changes at NYS and NYC Tax Agencies - Court of Appeals Upholds Constitutionality of Taxing Nonresidents on Gain from S Corporation Stock Sale in Two Separate Decisions - NYC Tribunal...more

"City of Chicago Expands Tax Reach to Internet Services"

On June 9, 2015, the city of Chicago released two rulings that significantly expand the city’s 9 percent gross receipt tax to charges for cloud computing and other services delivered over the Internet. The first ruling (City...more

Significant Tax Provisions in the 2016-2017 Ohio Budget Bill Affecting Businesses

On June 30, 2015, Ohio Governor John Kasich signed into law the biennial budget bill, Amended Substitute House Bill No. 64 (“HB 64”). The legislation underwent substantial changes during the legislative process such that the...more

U.S. Supreme Court Strikes Down State Laws Banning Same-Sex Marriage - Same-Sex Couples Should Review Their Estate Planning...

The recent U.S. Supreme Court decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, 135 S.Ct. 1039 (June 26, 2015),answered definitively the lingering questions following the Court’s decision last year in Windsor about whether states could...more

New Nevada Commerce Tax Effective July 1, 2015

While not purporting to give specific advice on Nevada tax law, the following is a summary of some of the general principals underlying the new tax law. A new Nevada Commerce Tax (“NCT”) was signed into law by Nevada Governor...more

SEC Interpretive Release on the Terms “Spouse” and “Marriage”

In another federal action that employers need take note of, last week the U.S. Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) issued its “Commission Guidance Regarding the Definition of the Terms ‘Spouse’ and ‘Marriage’ Following the...more

U.S. Supreme Court Holds Same-Sex Marriage To Be a Fundamental Right

The United States Supreme Court issued its opinion in Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015) on June 26, 2015. In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment requires a State to license a marriage...more

So Same-Sex Marriage Is Legal … Now What? Important Decisions Employers Face Now

In Obergefell v. Hodges, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the 14th Amendment to the Constitution requires all 50 states to license marriages between same-sex couples and to recognize same-sex marriages performed out-of-state....more

Monthly Benefits Alert - June 2015

Supreme Court - As explained in more detail in separate alerts we issued over the past several days, the Supreme Court decided two major cases involving the Affordable Care Act and same-sex marriage. First, as described...more

Moving Toward True Marriage Equality

With the recent decision of the U.S. Supreme Court, same-sex couples now have the freedom to marry, and divorce, throughout the Country. There is finally marriage equality. Certainly, being able to marry is important...more

Recent US Supreme Court Decision Impacts Affordable Housing Industry

On June 25, the US Supreme Court upheld a decision that the Fair Housing Act ("Act") includes disparate impact claims. In Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., the Supreme...more

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