Finance & Banking Civil Rights

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What Does the Supreme Court's Same-Sex Marriage Ruling Mean for Employee Benefit Plans?

On June 26, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that states must license and recognize a marriage between two people of the same sex. Despite being a landmark decision affecting same sex couples whose...more

District Court Applies Supreme Court’s Inclusive Communities Decision in Rejecting Disparate Impact Claim

On July 17, the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California granted summary judgment for Wells Fargo in a Fair Housing Act (FHA) case brought by the City of Los Angeles. City of Los Angeles v. Wells Fargo &...more

Supreme Court Slams The Brakes On Challenge To Disparate Act

As of now, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) prohibits dealers from unintentional, or “disparate impact,” discrimination in setting dealer reserves in auto financing. This disparate impact can result from policies or...more

Auto Finance Company Agrees to Change Dealer Compensation Policy to Settle CFPB and DOJ Fair Lending Claims

To resolve charges by the Consumer Federal Protection Bureau (CFPB) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) that it engaged in unlawful discrimination in violation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA), American Honda...more

Anti-Discrimination Housing Laws Tackled by U.S. Supreme Court

Public Agencies May Face Litigation, but Court-Imposed Safeguards to Limit Liability - Having taken up the question twice before only to see both cases settle, the United States Supreme Court recently concluded that...more

CFPB Brings First ECOA Disparate Impact Action Post-Inclusive Communities

Just over 18 months after bringing a disparate impact-based ECOA case against Ally Financial (“Ally”) for discriminatory auto loan pricing, the CFPB has struck again—this time taking action against American Honda Finance...more

Employee Benefits Developments - June 2015

Supreme Court: Plan Fiduciaries Have a Continuing Duty to Monitor Plan Investments. In 2007, participants and beneficiaries under a 401(k) plan sued the plan fiduciaries and the plan sponsor to recover damages for alleged...more

Supremes Expand Liability Under FHA

On June 25, 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States, by a margin of 5-4, held that disparate impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act. Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive...more

New York City Passes the Stop Credit Discrimination in Employment Act

Effective September 2, 2015, the Stop Credit Discrimination in Employment Act (the Act) will prohibit New York City employers with four or more employees from requesting or using an applicant’s or employee’s consumer credit...more

New Oregon Laws: Criminal Background Checks and State Retirement Savings Plan - “Ban the Box” and Oregon Retirement Savings Plan...

Two new Oregon laws establish policies regarding employer criminal background checks and questions for applicants and a state-run retirement savings plan. In part, Enrolled House Bill 3025 (HB 3025) bans the practice by some...more

Supreme Court Upholds Broad Interpretation of FHA

In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court ruled that disparate impact claims can be brought under the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”). Disparate impact claims attack policies or practices that are facially neutral but have a...more

Russian Legislation Update

In This Issue: - Undesirable organizations - Banking - Employment/Court Practice: a Company’s CEO and Members of the BOD - Excerpt from Undesirable Organizations: On 23 May 2015 the Russian...more

Whistleblower Aims to Uncover Bank Fraud

Whistleblower Nicholas Wilson has alleged that HSBC, Great Britain’s largest bank, has committed fraud totaling in £1 billion throughout the last three decades. He also claims that despite his allegations being backed by...more

Agencies Issue Final Policy Statement for Complying With Dodd-Frank Section 342: What You Should Know

Six federal banking agencies recently published a final interagency policy statement establishing standards for assessing diversity policies and practices. The final standards, which became effective June 10, 2015, were...more

Lending Industry Take Note: Federal Fair Housing Act Provides For Disparate-Impact Liability

The status quo stands, to a degree. By a 5-4 vote, the United States Supreme Court has concluded that the federal Fair Housing Act (“FHA”) authorizes lawsuits not just for intentional discrimination, but for conduct taken...more

U.S. Supreme Court Holds Disparate Impact Claims Can Be Brought under Fair Housing Act

In Texas Dept. of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., decided on June 25, 2015, the United States Supreme Court held that disparate impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act....more

Supreme Court Upholds Disparate Impact: What are the Practical Consequences for Mortgage Lenders?

The Supreme Court has held that disparate impact claims are valid under the federal Fair Housing Act (the “FHA”). In essence, this means that liability under the FHA can be proven by showing discriminatory effects of...more

Fair Housing Disparate Impact Claims Survive SCOTUS Challenge

The U.S. Supreme Court has decided, 5 - 4, that the Fair Housing Act (FHA) permits the use of a major antidiscrimination tool, the legal theory of disparate impact. Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The...more

Special Alert: Disparate Impact Under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act After Inclusive Communities

On June 25, the Supreme Court in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. held that disparate-impact claims are cognizable under the Fair Housing Act (FHA). The Court, in a 5-4...more

European Commission Seeks Termination Of Five EU Member States’ Intra-EU Bilateral Investment Treaties

On 18 June 2015, the European Commission (the Commission) initiated infringement proceedings against five European Member States seeking termination of their bilateral investment treaties (BITs) with other European Union (EU)...more

Disparate Impact Doctrine Survives Supreme Court Review

After years of debate and false starts, the Supreme Court has held that the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”) permits disparate impact claims. In Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project,...more

Housing Discrimination Claims Given Boost By Supreme Court

Today, by a 5-4 vote, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the federal Fair Housing Act (FHA) encompasses claims of disparate-impact discrimination. This decision, which marks the first time that the Supreme Court addressed this...more

Fair Housing Act Prohibits Policies and Practices Causing a Disparate Impact - Housing Policies and Practices Must Be "Necessary...

On June 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court held that individuals and groups can challenge housing policies or practices that have a disproportionate adverse effect on protected classes (i.e., a disparate impact) – even if there...more

Supreme Court upholds ‘disparate impact’ under the FHA but emphasizes that claims cannot rely on statistics alone

In a much-anticipated decision, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project (“Inclusive Communities”) that claims of disparate impact discrimination are...more

Supreme Court Decides Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.

On June 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., No. 13-1371, holding that a disparate-impact claim is cognizable under the Fair...more

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