Government Contracting Health Civil Procedure

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First Circuit Rejects Whistleblower’s Fraud on the FDA FCA Theory

On December 23, 2016, the First Circuit held that a relator under the federal False Claims Act (“FCA”) failed to plausibly plead that defendant medical device manufacturers caused the submission of false claims for...more

First Circuit Rejects Fraud-on-the-FDA Theory of FCA Liability

Affirming an earlier order handed down by the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts, the First Circuit recently denied Plaintiff D’Agostino leave to amend his complaint, finding the proposed claims...more

Seventh Circuit Allows FCA Claim Based on Inferences of Fraud to Proceed; Claims Based Only on Personal Opinions Dismissed

In United States ex rel. Presser v. Acacia Mental Health Clinic, LLC, 836 F.3d 770 (7th Cir. 2016), the Seventh Circuit addressed Rule 9(b)’s application to a False Claims Act (“FCA”) complaint, elaborating on when it...more

Healthcare Law Update: December 2016

Prompt Payment Discounts Not an Anti-Kickback Statute Violation - In United States of Am. et al. ex rel. Ruscher v. Omnicare, No. 15-20629, 2016 WL 6407128 (5th Cir. Oct. 28, 2016), the court of appeals affirmed summary...more

Universities Are Prime Targets for False Claims Act Liability

Colleges and universities receive billions of dollars in federal funds, whether through research grants or student financial aid, or even by billing Medicare or Medicaid for services rendered at academic medical centers. As a...more

Eighth Circuit Holds that a Reasonable Interpretation of an Ambiguous Law Does Not Give Rise to FCA Liability

On August 8, 2016, the Eighth Circuit, in Olson v. Fairview Health Services of Minnesota, affirmed the dismissal of a False Claims Act (“FCA”) suit alleging that the University of Minnesota Medical Center (“UMMC”)...more

Eighth Circuit Affirms that an Objectively Reasonable Interpretation of an Ambiguous Regulation Defeats Liability Under the False...

In United States ex rel. Donegan v. Anesthesia Associates of Kansas City, P.C., 833 F.3d 874 (8th Cir. 2016), the Eighth Circuit affirmed that a defendant cannot be liable under the False Claims Act (“FCA”) for claims for...more

The First Circuit Rules On Materiality And Rule 9(b) In Two FCA Opinions

On November 22, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit issued two False Claims Act (FCA) opinions in the continuing debate over the parameters of the FCA. In United States ex. rel. Escobar et al. v....more

On Remand, First Circuit Finds Violations in Escobar Were Material

In June, the Supreme Court issued Universal Health Services, Inc. v. U.S. ex rel. Escobar, a landmark opinion in which the Supreme Court addressed the standard for pleading materiality in FCA implied certification cases. The...more

When Can Violation of a Condition of Participation Result in False Claims Act Liability? Update on Escobar’s Materiality Standard

In June, I published a blog article on a decision of the United States Supreme Court that appeared to change the law applicable to “false certification” in the 7th Judicial Circuit Circuit. The Supreme Court decision in...more

D.C. District Court Bucks the Trend and Rules for Hospital in Provider Tax Case

Many states assess taxes against hospitals and other providers as a means of funding their Medicaid and other healthcare-related programs. The revenue generated by the taxes is used, with CMS’s approval, to fund Medicaid...more

North District of California Misconstrues Express False Certification Liability

This summer, the Northern District of California issued an opinion in an intervened case that expanded the theory of express false certification to a startling degree. Ruling on a motion to dismiss, the court in U.S. ex rel....more

"Escobar and the Implied Certification Theory: Initial Cases Raise the Bar on Materiality in False Claims Act Litigation"

On June 16, 2016, the U.S. Supreme Court in Universal Health Services, Inc. v. United States ex rel. Escobar1 (Escobar) unanimously upheld the implied certification theory of False Claims Act (FCA) liability and strengthened...more

The Difference between Expecting Referrals & Inducing Them

A new Fifth Circuit opinion explains the difference between offering a benefit in order to induce a Medicare referral and offering it in the expectation of a referral. The difference is important because the former is a...more

Seventh Circuit Applies Escobar’s Materiality Standard to (Again) Reject False Certification Claim

The Escobar and Sanford-Brown Decisions - This summer, the United States Supreme Court undertook to resolve the long-running circuit split over the validity and scope of the implied false certification theory of...more

Indiana Supreme Court Extends the Stanley Doctrine to State-Sponsored Medical Reimbursements

On October 21, 2016, the Indiana Supreme Court weighed-in on a closely watched case that drew much attention from the defense and plaintiff’s bar alike. Approximately one (1) year ago, I reported that the Indiana Court of...more

Supreme Court Implied False Certification Case Reargued to First Circuit

On Tuesday, October 25, 2016, a three-judge panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit heard argument in United States ex rel. Escobar, et al. v. Universal Health Services, Inc. This case was sent back...more

Texas Court Holds Compliance Auditor Not Liable to Employer for Alleged Use of Confidential Information in FCA Suit Against...

A Texas appellate court recently affirmed a judgment against a healthcare consulting firm that claimed that its former employee had misappropriated its confidential information to use in a False Claims Act (“FCA”) lawsuit...more

Supreme Court Punts Again on FCA Claims Specificity

The U.S. Supreme Court recently denied certiorari in United States ex rel. Walterspiel v. Bayer AG. This case, arising out of the Fourth Circuit, raised yet again the question of how much detail a False Claims Act (FCA)...more

False Claims Act Developments Significantly Impact a Broad Range of Industries Doing Business with the U.S. Government

No other area of government enforcement or civil liability has experienced anything quite like the three dramatic developments in initiation, penalties and standards for False Claims Act cases over the last twelve months. FY...more

Executives Beware: CEO Pays $1 Million Out of His Own Pocket To Resolve False Claims Act Matter

Ralph “Jay” Cox III, the former Chief Executive Officer of Tuomey Healthcare Systems (“Tuomey”) in Sumter, South Carolina, recently paid $1 million to settle his involvement in Tuomey’s illegal billing practices under...more

Recent Significant Case Law Developments Regarding What Constitutes a Reckless Interpretation of a Law and When Retention of an...

Key Points: - Learn the latest case law developments regarding what evidence the government or the relator must establish to prove that the defendant “recklessly” interpreted a statute or regulation in violation of the...more

Insights Conversations: How Government Health Care Investigations May Be Shifting

The Department of Justice (DOJ) has long had the advantage when investigating False Claims Act (FCA) cases against health care companies. However, recent changes in the courts, including a unanimous U.S. Supreme Court...more

Update on First 60-Day Case

A settlement was reached on August 23, 2016, in U.S. ex rel. Kane v. Healthfirst, Inc., et al., No. 11 CIV. 2325 (ER) (SDNY), a little over one year after the judge in that case issued the first judicial interpretation of the...more

First Circuit Adopts “Arm of the State” Test to Affirm Dismissal of FCA Complaint

In January 2016 in a matter of first impression, the First Circuit held that the University of Massachusetts Medical School is a state agency, and therefore not a “person” subject to liability in a False Claims Act (“FCA”)...more

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