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An Immigration Guide for International Same-Sex Married Couples

As we recently reported, the U.S. Supreme Court recently ruled in the case of U.S. v. Windsor that Section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act is unconstitutional, and President Obama subsequently directed federal government...more

The Sweet Spot of the Mexican Telecom Reform (Part 2/3)

It´s STEM People time. The debate of immigration across the US is being fueled by the lack of STEM professionals (science, technology, engineering and math). The scarcity of STEM people in Silicon Valley has forced the...more

Should Married Nonresident Aliens Elect Joint Return Status?

The recent decisions of the US Supreme Court, (in the Defense of Marriage Act and Proposition 8 cases) to strike down anti-gay marriage legislation may very well produce an increase in immigrant marriages. The actual number...more

Immigration and Citizenship

In this Issue:- 1. Legal Alert – May 2013 – Immigration and Citizenship 2. Disclaimer Notice. 3. Copyright Notice. IMMGRATION The Immigration Act, CAP I1, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004 provides the legal...more

Rule of International Law: Two citizens in the nation of the United States

In his work, “The Government of the United States: National, State, and Local,” (1922), William Bennett Munro (Professor of Municipal Government at Harvard University) quotes Section 1, Clause 1 of the Fourteenth...more

The Fourteenth Amendment's effects on Citizenship under the Constitution of the United States and under International Law

Before the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment, a citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution of the United States of America, was recognized as a citizen of the United States, under...more

See for yourself, Two citizens in the country of the United States

In this article, it is shown that there is in the country of the United States two citizens; a citizen of the United States and a citizen of a State who is not a citizen of the United States using the waters that surround...more

A Citizen of a State, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution, can get a Passport

Discover that before the Fourteenth Amendment, a citizen of a State was recognized under international law with the nationality of a citizen of the United States. A citizen of the United States was also a citizen of the...more

Practical Problems With Attempts To Change The Fourteenth Amendment Through An Interstate Birth Certificate Compact

Originally published in 17 Bender’s Immigration Bulletin - May 1, 2012. Recently, many politicians have proposed changing the Fourteenth Amendment’s Citizenship Clause to exclude the U.S.-born children of persons who do...more

For Purposes of International Law there are Two citizens in the country of the United States

William Bennett Munro, Professor of Municipal Government at Harvard University, in his work "The Government of the United States: National, State, and Local" (1919) writes at page 73: “So far as the rules of international...more

Two Distinct State Citizens For Purposes Of Diversity Of Citizenship

In any State of the Union, since the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Slaughterhouse Cases, there are now two distinct state citizens. The first is recognized at Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the...more

All You Need To Know About A Citizen Of A State Who Is Not A Citizen Of The United States

Since the Fourteenth Amendment and the Slaughterhouse Cases, there is a citizen of the United States, and a citizen of a State who is not a citizen of the United States. A citizen of the United States is...more

Nigeria Terrorism (Prevention) Act 2011

Introduction – Terrorism (Prevention) Act, 2011 Terrorism has continued to threaten global peace and prosperity. To address this criminal activity, governments all over the world, including the Nigerian government, have...more

Blunders of the Supreme Court of the United States, Part 7

The seventh in a series on blunders made by the Supreme Court of the United States. In this article the case of the Slaughterhouse Cases (83 U.S. (Wall. 16) 36, 1873) is reviewed. The blunder made is that one born or...more

Blunders of the Supreme Court of the United States, Part 6

The sixth in a series on blunders made by the Supreme Court of the United States. In this article the case of Chirac v. Lessee of A. F. Chirac et. al. (15 U.S. (Wheat. 2) 259, 1817) is selected. The blunder made is that...more

On Dred Scott v. Sanford

At the time of the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States in Dred Scott v. Sanford, in the year of 1856, there were black citizens as well as black slaves. Black citizens were descendants of blacks who were...more

Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 is defined to have both Fundamental and Common Privileges and Immunities

Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 has been defined to have both fundamental privileges and immunities as well as common privileges and immunities. After the adoption of the Constitution of the United States of...more

Yes a citizen of a State is also a citizen of the several States under the Constitution

A citizen of a State who is not a citizen of the United States is entitled to privileges and immunities of a citizen of the several States, under Article IV, Section 2, Clause 1 of the Constitution of the United States of...more

Yes there is a citizen of a State and a citizen of the United States

There is a citizen of the United States, and a citizen of a State who is not a citizen of the United States. Legal authority quoted, cited and linked....more

Yes there are two citizens (with privileges and immunities) under the Constitution since the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment

Since the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment, there are two citizens under the Constitution of the United States of America with privileges and immunities which are not the same. They are a citizen of the United...more

Yes, there were four citizens before the Fourteenth Amendment

Before the Fourteenth Amendment, there were two citizens; one was a citizen of a State, born in the United States of America (a native citizen); the other was a citizen of the United States, born in a foreign country (a...more

What effect did the Slaughterhouse Cases have on the case Dred Scott v. Sanford?

Discover for yourself that the Slaughterhouse Cases had no effect on the case of Dred Scott v. Sanford. Legal authority cited, quoted, and linked....more

Yes, persons born in the United States under the Fourteenth Amendment are not born in the several States

One born (or naturalized) in the United States, under Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment is not born (or naturalized) in the several States, but rather in the District of Columbia, the territories and possessions of...more

Questions and Answers on Citizenship in the United States, More

All you need to know about citizenship in the United States. (The following cases from the Supreme Court of the United States are quoted, cited, and linked to: Holden v. Hardy, 169 U.S. 375 (1918); Collector v....more

Yes there is a citizen of the several States

The Supreme Court, in the Slaughterhouse Cases, held, that there are now two citizens under the Constitution of the United States of America, a citizen of the United States, at Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment, and...more

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