International Trade Consumer Protection

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UK relies on EU Treaty exception to avoid “anti-FISA” data transfers clause in European General Data Protection Regulation...

In a written statement to Parliament, Baroness Neville-Rolfe confirmed the UK Government’s view that the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (“TFEU”) means that Article 48 of the GDPR does not apply to the UK....more

Europe Counts Down to the General Data Protection Regulation

Businesses have two years to comply with Europe’s new privacy regime. On 24 May 2016, after more than four years of debate, the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR, or the Regulation) enters into force. The GDPR...more

German Court orders WhatsApp to provide consumers in Germany with T&Cs in German language

In a press release dated 17 May 2016, the Federation of German Consumer Organizations (Verbraucherzentrale Bundesverband – vzbv) announced that on 8 April 2016, the Court of Appeal Berlin (Kammergericht Berlin; “Court”)...more

The Network and Information Security Directive: Serious Cyber Attacks Will Require Notification

The Council of the European Union adopted the EU Network and Information Security (NIS) Directive (the ‘Directive’) 17 May, ready for final adoption by the European Parliament. The Directive, initially proposed in 2013, has...more

Advocate General’s opinion states that IP addresses are Personal Data

On 12 May, the Advocate General’s (AG) opinion in Case C-582/14 Patrick Breyer v Germany was released, stating that dynamic IP addresses should be considered personal data for the purposes of EU data protection law. Although...more

Social Media Competitions in the UK: Play Fair

With 1.65 billion users on Facebook, 332 million users on Twitter and 400 million on Instagram, it is unsurprising that many companies are seeking to increase brand awareness and customer engagement by running competitions...more

Galloway v Frazer & Others – A glimpse to the future of data protection litigation

On 27 January, the High Court of Northern Ireland granted British MP George Galloway leave to serve proceedings on Google Inc. out of the jurisdiction. The application was based on a variety of claims including libel,...more

The European Cloud Initiative: Will Data Protection Requirements Cause Stormy Weather?

The European Commission (EC) recently proposed the European Cloud Initiative (ECI): a plan to create a world-class data infrastructure to store, manage, transport and process data at high speeds. The primary aims are to...more

European Commission Publishes Proposal for Signing the EU-U.S. Umbrella Agreement

The EU-U.S. data protection Umbrella Agreement consists of a framework of principles and safeguards for trans-Atlantic transfers of personal data (such as criminal records, names and addresses) in relation to the prevention,...more

"FinCEN Finalizes Customer Due Diligence Rule Amid Other Actions to Enhance Financial Transparency"

In the wake of the Panama Papers controversy, the U.S. government has taken major steps this month to promote financial transparency. First, the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) finalized its proposed rule issued...more

Polish Competition Authority Supports UBER

On 5 May 2016, the Polish Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) published a position paper in which it expressed its opinion on Uber’s operations on the Polish market for transportation services....more

EBA Publishes Discussion Paper on Use of Consumer Data by Financial Institutions

On May 4, 2016, the EBA published a discussion paper on innovative uses of consumer data by financial institutions, in line with its mandate to monitor financial innovation. The EBA report notes that although general...more

Changes in the regulatory control of the pharmaceutical market - Q1 2016 Review

Until January 1, 2017, for confirming the state registration of a foreign medicinal product, it is permitted to present a certificate of GMP ?ompliance (obtained in the country of origin) to the applicable GMP standards in...more

Countdown to Compliance: Final Text for EU General Data Protection Regulation Published

The final text of the significant new EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) has now been published (4 May 2016) in the Official Journal of the European Union. This means the clock is now ticking for the sweeping new...more

Data transfers in limbo – U.S. companies face fines by German data protection authorities

While EU regulators determine whether to adopt a new agreement for transfers of personal data from Europe to the United States to replace the invalid EU-U.S. Safe Harbor Framework, German data protection authorities have not...more

Privacy Shield Update: A Recap of Recent Developments

On April 13, 2016, the Article 29 Working Party (WP29), an influential group of European data protection authorities, issued a non-binding opinion that criticized certain elements of the fledgling Privacy Shield framework....more

2016 IAPP Global Privacy Summit: Key Themes and Takeaways

Last month, privacy and security professionals from around the world gathered in Washington, D.C. for the International Association of Privacy Professionals’ Global Privacy Summit 2016. The conference focused on the new...more

GDPR published – Enforcement begins on 25 May 2018

EU Regulation 2016/679 (the General Data Protection Regulation, or "GDPR") was officially published on 4 May 2016. Enforcement will begin on 25 May 2018, giving businesses just over two years to bring their operations into...more

A Tale of Shields & Swords or Are Data Transfers between the EU and the US legal once again?

The world changed on October 6, 2015; well, at least the world of data transfer between the European Union and the U.S. On that day, the European Court of Justice issued its “Schrems” judgment (case C-362/14) declaring the...more

Turkish Parliament Enacts New Data Protection Law

In a step toward its accession to the EU, Turkey has enacted its first comprehensive Data Protection Law. The law was passed by the Turkish Parliament 24 March and published in the Official Gazette 7 April....more

EU General Data Protection Regulation in force from 25 May 2018: the Countdown to Compliance starts now

The long-awaited General Data Protection Regulation was published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 4 May 2016. This means that the most comprehensive reform to the EU’s omnibus data protection law in 20 years...more

GDPR Published Today, Commencing Two-Year Countdown to Application

One of the most important EU legislative initiatives in recent years, and a landmark in privacy regulation worldwide, the GDPR is set to replace the Data Protection Directive (95/46/EC) of 1995. After the Council of...more

Requirements for valid consent – Why opting-in should not be optional

The Düsseldorfer Kreis, a committee made up of representatives of German data protection authorities, recently published guidance on the requirements for obtaining valid consent to the collection, processing and use of...more

Insurer Antitrust Exemption in Europe in Jeopardy

In the United States, the McCarran Ferguson Act provides insurers with an exemption from the federal antitrust laws. Enacted in 1945, the Act provides that conduct that constitutes the "business of insurance" is outside the...more

How to Prepare for the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

The EU General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”) was adopted by the EU Parliament last April 14, 2016. The GDPR will replace the EU Data Protection Directive (95/46/EC), which was implemented more than 20 years ago....more

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