International Trade Consumer Protection Antitrust & Trade Regulation

Read need-to-know updates, commentary, and analysis on International Trade issues written by leading professionals.
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Social Media Competitions in the UK: Play Fair

With 1.65 billion users on Facebook, 332 million users on Twitter and 400 million on Instagram, it is unsurprising that many companies are seeking to increase brand awareness and customer engagement by running competitions...more

Polish Competition Authority Supports UBER

On 5 May 2016, the Polish Office of Competition and Consumer Protection (UOKiK) published a position paper in which it expressed its opinion on Uber’s operations on the Polish market for transportation services....more

Changes in the regulatory control of the pharmaceutical market - Q1 2016 Review

Until January 1, 2017, for confirming the state registration of a foreign medicinal product, it is permitted to present a certificate of GMP ?ompliance (obtained in the country of origin) to the applicable GMP standards in...more

Insurer Antitrust Exemption in Europe in Jeopardy

In the United States, the McCarran Ferguson Act provides insurers with an exemption from the federal antitrust laws. Enacted in 1945, the Act provides that conduct that constitutes the "business of insurance" is outside the...more

Tobacco Cases Expose Tension Between Antitrust and Public Health

A recent decision of the European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) regarding the sale of tobacco products highlights a long-standing tension between two sets of laws: antitrust/competition laws, which seek to keep products affordable...more

Consequences for those involved in cartel conduct increasing in Australia and abroad

Companies and individuals who breach prohibitions against cartel conduct face increasing levels of fines and other penalties in Australia and overseas. In this article, we outline expected developments in Australia this year,...more

Antitrust Division Focuses Enforcement Efforts on Individuals Behind International Cartels

The Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice is vigorously pursuing civil and criminal actions against individuals—and not simply the companies they run. Just last month, Assistant Attorney General Bill Baer...more

EU Commission maintains close scrutiny of retail geo-blocking

On the 18th of March 2016, the EU Commission published initial findings from its e-commerce sector inquiry. The initial findings show a widespread use of geo-blocking throughout retailers in the EU. The findings reaffirm the...more

Brexit – Legal Consequences For Commercial Parties: Gaining Or Losing The Competitive Edge? Implications For Competition Law...

Now that the UK is on the path to an “in-out” referendum on 23 June, this paper looks at the impact of a Brexit on competition policy and enforcement in the UK, and generally in the European Union (“EU”). EU competition...more

Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place: The Second Circuit to Decide Appeal From Cartel Defendants Who Argued Compliance With...

On January 28, 2016, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit heard arguments on whether the doctrines of act of state, foreign sovereign compulsion, and international comity required the reversal of a jury’s...more

No consensus on Privacy Shield following debate on adequacy

The EU-US Privacy Shield remains a hotly debated issue. At a meeting at the European Parliament last week, it became evident that significant areas of disagreement remain between the European Commission, the European...more

Opt-out class actions in the UK – off the blocks, on a mobility scooter

A new opt-out class action regime was introduced into the UK on 1 October 2015 under the Consumer Rights Act 2015 (the "CRA"). Since then, practitioners have been waiting patiently; intrigued to see when the first claim would...more

Potential Antitrust Implications of Most Favored Nation Clauses

Both in the automotive and other industries, parties have turned to most favored nation (MFN) clauses—or clauses having the same effect—as a means to assure the lowest possible input costs. MFN clauses offer pro-competitive,...more

"German Competition Regulator Investigates Facebook for Alleged Violation of Data Protection Laws"

The German Federal Cartel Office (the FCO) has announced that it has initiated proceedings against Facebook for the company’s alleged abuse of its dominant position in a market for social networks. The FCO appears to...more

EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework Text Published: Imposes New Obligations on U.S. Entities that Seek Data Transfers from the EU

The European Commission (EC) has released details of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield, a new framework under which personal data may be transferred from the European Union (EU) to the United States. The Privacy Shield replaces the...more

EU-US Privacy Shield Released

On February 29, following an earlier February 2 announcement, but with few details, the U.S. Secretary of Commerce released letters to the European Commission setting forth the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Principles along with...more

EU-U.S. Privacy Shield is Go…nearly

On 29 February 2016 the European Commission issued the legal texts of the EU-U.S Privacy Shield which aims to replace the defunct EU-U.S Safe Harbor Framework as a legitimate mechanism for transferring personal data from the...more

EU Regulatory Agendas: EDPS Priorities 2016 and Article 29 Working Party Work Programme 2016 – 2018

On January 7, 2016, the European Data Protection Supervisor ("EDPS") published its priorities for 2016[1]. The EDPS is an independent supervisory authority at EU level whose primary objective is to ensure that European...more

Mediation: New Obligations for France-based Traders

Since entry into force on 1 January 2016 of the French provisions transposing the 2013 EU directive regulating mediation of consumer disputes (Directive 2013/11/EU of 21 May 2013 on alternative dispute resolution for consumer...more

Advertising Law - February 2016 #3

EU, U.S. Reach Data Deal—Not a Harbor, but a Shield - After the deadline expired to reach a deal on a new Safe Harbor for the transatlantic transfer of data, the European Union and the United States reached an agreement...more

Retail closer than ever to competition authorities’ hearts

Following a number of European Commission sector inquiries (which included investigations into the energy, financial services and pharmaceuticals sectors), the competition authorities at both European and national levels have...more

"Privacy Shield" is Proposed to Replace Invalidated U.S. - EU Safe Harbor Agreement and Keep Data from Europe Flowing

The Safe Harbor agreement between the European Union and the United States permitted American businesses to import personal data of EU citizens based on self-certification of compliance with EU data protection laws. Safe...more

Israel Connect - Legal Insight for Success in the US Market

We are excited to present you with the second issue of Israel Connect — our quarterly newsletter focused on forging new connections and strengthening existing bonds between Israeli businesses and the US market. In our second...more

From Safe Harbor to Privacy Shield: New EU-U.S. Agreement for Transatlantic Data Flows

The European Commission (EC) and the U.S. Department of Commerce have reached an agreement to create a framework for transfers of personal data from the European Union to the United States. The framework, named the EU-U.S....more

French Class Action Law Has Less Impact Than Expected

Since the entry into force on 1 October 2014 of the provisions of the “Hamon” law of 17 March 2014, which introduced class actions into French law in relation to consumer and competition law matters, only six class actions...more

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