Labor & Employment General Business Tax

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Another Look at U.S. Federal Income Tax Treatment of Contingent Earnout Payments

The sale of a company in an M&A transaction often involves consideration to the selling shareholders that is deferred and contingent on subsequent events in the life of the company, such as the post-acquisition performance of...more

The Affordable Care Act—Countdown to Compliance for Employers, Week 23: The Impact of Employment Contract Terms on Variable Hour...

For applicable large employers (i.e., employers who employed at least 50 full-time and full-time equivalent employees on business days during the preceding calendar year) endeavoring to comply with the Affordable Care Act’s...more

IRS Gives QLACs the Green Light: Final Regulations Issued

On July 1, 2014, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) issued final regulations (“Final Regulations”) that permit employers and IRA providers to offer “qualified longevity annuity contracts” or “QLACs” under defined...more

The Affordable Care Act—Countdown to Compliance for Employers, Week 24: Can Offers of Group Health Plan Coverage Under Code...

The Employer Shared Responsibility provisions of the Affordable Care Act (“ACA”) generally require “applicable large employers” (i.e., employers who employed at least 50 full-time and full-time equivalent employees on...more

California Supreme Court Addresses Test for Independent Contractor Status and Class Certification of Independent Contractor...

Employers frequently struggle with determining when a service provider should be classified as an independent contractor, as opposed to an "employee." Getting the answer to that question wrong can prove significant in many...more

Rules Will Allow Issuance of Longevity Insurance in Retirement Plans

On July 1, the U.S. Department of the Treasury (Treasury) and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued final rules excluding qualifying longevity annuity contracts (QLACs) from the required minimum distribution rules (RMD...more

Senate Finance Committee Considering Measure to Largely Repeal IRC Section 530 Safe Harbor for Most Businesses Using Independent...

Sen. Sherrod Brown (D.Ohio) reintroduced the “Fair Playing Field Act,” S.1706, in November 2013. The bill, which first appeared in 2010 under then-Senator John Kerry’s sponsorship, purports to close an ostensible loophole in...more

IRS Pursues 409A Audits, Issues Ruling on Certain Options/SARs under 457A

IRS audits signal focus on Section 409A compliance; Revenue Ruling makes certain nonqualified options and stock appreciation rights more attractive for offshore entities. The IRS has begun its limited audit initiative...more

New York City Bar Association Report Offering New Proposed Guidance on the Treatment of a Partner as an Employee for Federal Tax...

This report, which was submitted on behalf of the New York City Bar Association by its Committee on Taxation of Business Entities, proposes new guidance, relating to the treatment of certain partners as employees for federal...more

Giving Stock to Your Employees — How and How Much?

Equity grants can be an attractive alternative to cash when compensating employees, consultants, and service providers. Beware, though: if not structured properly, equity grants can cause some nasty consequences for the...more

IRS Issues Revenue Ruling on Applicability of Section 457A to Options and Stock Appreciation Rights

On June 10, 2014, the IRS issued Revenue Ruling 2014-18, which holds that nonqualified stock options, as well as stock-settled stock appreciation rights (SARs), do not constitute nonqualified deferred compensation subject to...more

IRS Ruling Allows Tax-Deferred Stock Rights for Fund Managers

Section 457A of the Internal Revenue Code (the Code) generally restricts the ability of offshore funds and other entities domiciled in tax-indifferent jurisdictions to offer tax-advantaged deferred compensation to U.S....more

High Tax Rates Spur the Allure of Deferred Compensation

There are a number of reasons why executives choose to defer the payment of current compensation under a nonqualified deferred compensation plan. For example, some executives do not need the compensation to be paid...more

New IRS Revenue Ruling 2014-18 and the Use of Hedge Fund Stock Options

The Internal Revenue Service has issued Revenue Ruling 2014-18 (the “Ruling”) to clarify that stock options and stock-settled stock appreciation rights (“SARs”), properly designed, can be used as a form of compensation to...more

VAT recovery and pension schemes: Where are we now?

HMRC’s policy on reclaiming VAT on investment management and other costs remains under review in the light of two recent decisions from the Court of Justice of the European Union. The first of these cases, PPG...more

IRS Begins Audit of Deferred Compensation Plans Subject to Section 409A

The IRS announced at recent bar association meeting that it is commencing a formal compliance initiative program (CIP) of selected employers and their deferred compensation arrangements that are subject to Section 409A of the...more

Doing Business in Latin America and The Caribbean: Turks & Caicos Islands

The Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI) lie 575 miles southeast of Miami and 39 miles southeast of The Bahamas. There are eight principal inhabited islands which have an estimated population of 35,000. The legal system is based...more

IRS Rules Captive Reinsurance Arrangement Involving Retiree Medical Benefits Qualifies as Insurance for Federal Tax Purposes

On May 18, 2014, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) ruled that an employer’s wholly owned captive insurance subsidiary could reinsure the employer’s retiree medical benefit risks and still qualify as insurance for federal tax...more

An Epic Question: Is This Pay Ratio Too Large, Too Small or Just Right?

California’s corporate tax rate is currently 8.84%. According to the California Taxpayer’s Association, only nine states (Alaska, Connecticut, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Minnesota, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Rhode Island) have...more

Passing AB 1897 Means Greater Liability for Employers Who Use Labor Contractors

The Issue: Today, many employers rely on labor contractors or temporary employment agencies to sustain their operations. Occasionally, however, labor contractors fail to comply with labor laws and regulations by failing to...more

Doing Business In Iowa

ABOUT IOWA - A. Population and Geography - Centrally located in the United States, the state of Iowa is characterized by rich agricultural land, with wetlands, woodlands, and prairie throughout. The state...more

Whose Risk Is It Anyway? New Revenue Ruling Provides Guidance for Employee Benefits Captives

On May 8, the IRS issued Rev. Rul. 2014-15, 2014-22 I.R.B. 1, which provides guidance in the rapidly expanding area of insuring or reinsuring employee benefits with captives. ...more

Spotlight On Belgium: Trends In The Legal Landscape - Issue 5, Spring 20014

One might expect that, with this fifth issue of a quarterly newsletter, we would be able to rely on the cyclical nature of things and simply model this Spotlight on Belgium after our very first issue. This is not the case,...more

Court’s Ruling Holding Corporate Officer Responsible for Trust Fund Recovery Penalty Illustrates Risk of Personal Liability for...

A district court in the Northern District of California has held that the officer of a now-defunct corporation is personally responsible for the Trust Fund Recovery Penalty based upon the company’s failure to collect, account...more

Lingering Questions About the San Francisco Gross Receipts Tax

The first installment payment for the new San Francisco Gross Receipts Tax was due April 30, 2014. Many questions about the new tax remain. While the City has provided some relief from installment underpayment penalties,...more

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