Residential Real Estate Civil Procedure Consumer Protection

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CFPB Seeks Rehearing of D.C. Circuit Panel Ruling in PHH: What Now?

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (Bureau) Friday filed a petition in the closely-watched PHH case, seeking to undo a ruling by a panel of judges for the D.C. Circuit Court that was highly critical of the Bureau’s...more

CFPB Structure Hangs In the Balance as Agency Petitions D.C. Circuit for Rehearing

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) filed on Nov. 18, 2016, a petition challenging the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit's ruling in PHH Corp., et al. v. Cons. Fin. Prot. Bureau, in which...more

Servicers Beware: Courts Rule Non-Parties Cannot Invoke Jury Trial Waiver

In Florida, courts routinely enforce jury trial waiver provisions found in loan agreements, which are generally valid and enforceable. This is true even with respect to fair debt actions. However, because there is generally a...more

The Ninth Circuit Holds That Enforcing A Security Interest Is Not Necessarily Debt Collection

On Oct. 19, 2016, the Ninth Circuit held that merely enforcing a security interest is not “debt collection” under the federal Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”). In so holding, the Ninth Circuit disagreed with...more

US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit Declares Structure of the US Consumer Financial Protection Bureau Unconstitutional

The US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit declared the structure of the US Consumer Financial Protection Bureau unconstitutional, stating that the “massive, unchecked power” exercised by its director, Richard Cordray, lacks...more

Cordray remarks to MBA signal continued CFPB focus on servicing, likely petition for rehearing in PHH case

In his remarks at the Mortgage Bankers Association’s annual meeting in Boston on October 25, Director Cordray signaled that mortgage servicing will continue to be a focus of CFPB supervisory and enforcement activity, with the...more

Court Rules CFPB Unconstitutional and Finds CFPB Improperly Applied Mortgage Lending and Reinsurance Laws

In PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, no. 15-1177 (D.C. Cir. Oct. 11, 2016), the Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit recently held that the organizational structure of the Consumer Financial Protection...more

Federal Appeals Court Finds CFPB's Structure Unconstitutional

While certainly a big blow to the Bureau, the court’s remedy did not go as far as some CFPB opponents would have liked. In a blockbuster ruling on October 11, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia...more

CFPB Structure Ruled Unconstitutional and Enforcement Reach Under RESPA Curtailed

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit on Oct. 11, 2016, held unconstitutional the current structure of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), broadly condemning the agency's unparalleled...more

Breaking News: In PHH v. CFPB, D.C. Circuit Holds that CFPB Structure is Unconstitutional

Yesterday, the D.C. Circuit issued its long-awaited decision in PHH Corporation v. CFPB. The court made several landmark rulings. First, it held that the CFPB’s single-director-removable-only-for-cause structure is...more

DC Court of Appeals Reinforces Long-Standing RESPA Interpretation; Rules CFPB Director’s “For-Cause Only” Removal Unconstitutional

Today the United States Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit issued its long-awaited ruling in the PHH v. CFPB appeal. LLW has written about the PHH case before, and below are some quick takeaways from the court’s 110-page...more

11th Circuit Holds That Entity Collecting Its Own Debt, Which It Acquired After Default, Is Not a “Debt Collector” Under the...

The 11th Circuit Court of Appeals has affirmed its prior holding in Arencibia v. Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corp. that an entity that acquires and collects debt on its own behalf does not qualify as a debt collector under...more

Consumer Financial Services Newsletter - August 2016

Seventh Circuit Rules: Filing a Proof of Claim for Old Debt Is Okay — Circuits Split - Owens et al. v. LVNV Funding LLC et al., Nos. 15-2044, 15-2082, 15-2109 (7th Cir. Aug.10, 2016) - In Owens v. LVNV Funding LLC,...more

Sixth Circuit Nixes TILA Rescission Claim

Two homeowners tried to rescind their home mortgage loan when they weren’t notified that the deed of trust had been assigned. Although this argument may have been a creative way to stave off a foreclosure, it was not...more

CFPB Week in Review

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) had another busy week. Here is an overview of what the CFPB was up to recently: Enforcement Actions and Litigation - Enforcement Action Against Santander Bank...more

Careful Who You Trust. A Lender Can Be Liable For The Negligence And Misrepresentations Of Its Loan Servicers, Even Absent Any...

In the recent case of Daniels v. Select Portfolio Serving, Inc., the California Court of Appeal has held that a lender may be liable for the negligence and misrepresentations of the lender’s servicer, without any contractual...more

CFPB and DOJ settle fair lending claims involving allegations of redlining, discretionary underwriting and pricing, and overt...

The CFPB and DOJ recently announced a proposed consent order with BancorpSouth Bank to settle charges that the bank’s mortgage lending practices violated the Fair Housing Act and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act....more

High Court’s Encino Decision Means No Deference for CFPB View on RESPA, PHH Argues

On June 23, PHH filed a letter in the D.C. Circuit supplementing its appeal briefing in PHH Corp v. CFPB, No. 15-1177. For those of you who may have missed our prior posts on this, PHH is appealing a decision made by CFPB...more

Supreme Court of Texas; Recent Texas Home Equity Lending Decisions

On May 20, 2016, the Supreme Court of Texas (the "Court") issued its opinions in two cases involving Texas home equity lending – Garofolo v. Ocwen Loan Servicing and Wood v. HSBC Bank USA. The decisions are important for the...more

Consumer Financial Services Newsletter - May 2016

Debt Collection Letters Now Have a Safe Harbor In The Second Circuit - Avila v. Riexinger & Associates, LLC, 15-1548, --- F.3d ---- , 2016 WL 1104776 (2d Cir. March 22, 2016) - The U.S. Court of Appeals for the...more

New York Court Finds Borrower Must Strictly Comply with Notice Requirements to Hold Servicer Liable Under Regulation X

In an issue of first impression, the Supreme Court of New York refused to find a loan servicer violated Regulation X by initiating foreclosure when a borrower failed to strictly comply with the servicer’s instructions for...more

Problems With the CFPB’s Argument: An Analysis of the D.C. Circuit Oral Arguments on Statute of Limitations

What began as a challenge to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (“CFPB”) $109 million enforcement ruling against the mortgage company PHH Corp. (“PHH”) for alleged violations of the Real Estate Settlement Procedures...more

Michigan Consumer Protection Act Claims Do Not Require Proof of Intent to Deceive

Because the Michigan Consumer Protection Act (MCPA) was derivative of common law fraud, many have argued that all claims brought under the MCPA require a plaintiff to prove fraud-like elements in order to create liability...more

CFPB Field Hearing May Unveil New Rule on Arbitration Agreements

The CFPB is continuing its march towards a new rule governing the use of arbitration clauses in consumer lending contracts. On April 20, the Bureau announced its next step will be to conduct a field hearing in Albuquerque,...more

US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit Upholds CFPB Director’s Authority to Sue

A divided US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled that the Director of the US Consumer Financial Protection Bureau had the authority and standing to bring a civil enforcement claim against a California attorney and...more

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