Science, Computers & Technology Constitutional Law

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Coming Up This Term from SCOTUS

One class action-related case, so far: Microsoft v. Baker, case no. 15-457, on certiorari from the Ninth Circuit. The issue: “Whether a federal court of appeals has jurisdiction under both Article III and 28 U.S.C. § 1291...more

Federal Circuit Finds Three Intellectual Venture’s Patents Invalid under the Mayo/Alice Framework

The Federal Circuit recently decided a case concerning three patents owned by Intellectual Ventures I LLC (“IV”). Intellectual Ventures I LLC v. Symantec Corp., Case Nos. 2015-1769, 2015-1770, 2015-1771 (Fed. Cir. Sept. 30,...more

Sixth Circuit: Substantial Risk of Harm and Mitigation Costs Sufficient to Confer Standing in Data Breach Case

On October 12, 2016, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit denied a petition for an en banc rehearing of its September 12 decision in Galaria, et al. v. Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company (Nos. 15-3386/3387). In...more

Update on Data Breach and Data Privacy Class Actions Post-Spokeo

In May, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its opinion in Spokeo v. Robins, providing guidance on the “injury-in-fact” aspect of the constitutional standing requirement for putative class action plaintiffs. 136 S. Ct. 1540...more

Update on Prosecution for Truthful Off-Label Promotion

We have been following issues related to the interplay of off-label use, manufacturer statements about off-label use, the First Amendment, and FDA enforcement for a long time. (Like here, here, and here, among many posts.) ...more

Judge Mayer’s Concurrence in IV Shows the Problem with Judicially Created Exceptions

The press is all abuzz with reactions to Judge Mayer’s concurring opinion bluntly stating that “claims directed to software implemented on a generic computer are categorically not eligible for patent.” Intellectual Ventures...more

Your Credit Card Number’s Been Stolen. Have You Been Injured? Courts’ Answers Continue to Vary

Seemingly not a day goes by without news of another major data breach. In the past few weeks, Yahoo! announced that at least 500 million of its user accounts were stolen in 2014, hot on the heels of Dropbox’s announcement...more

Despite Plaintiffs Satisfying Standing Requirements, Barnes & Noble Closes the Book on Data Breach Class Action

In data breach class actions, standing is often the major obstacle, and has taken on renewed focus following the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Spokeo v. Robins, 136 S. Ct. 1540 (May 24, 2016). See, e.g., Federal Court Finds...more

Avoiding Close Calls: Sixth Circuit’s Galaria v. Nationwide Decision Offers Valuable Pleading Tips

The Sixth Circuit’s split decision last month finding Article 3 standing in a data breach case is the first of its kind post-Spokeo. See Galaria v. Nationwide Nos. 15-3386/3387 (6th Cir. Sept. 12, 2016) (unpublished). It is...more

Data Breach Standing Goes Nationwide; Sixth Circuit Says Plaintiffs Have Standing to Sue

The Sixth Circuit joined the growing trend of appellate courts holding that plaintiffs had demonstrated standing for data breach class actions in Galaria et al. v. Nationwide Mutual Insurance Company. In a recent order, the...more

Is a Consumer Trade Association’s Speech Covered by the DC Anti-SLAPP Act?

When a consumer trade association “speaks” about the health effects of a product, is its speech on an issue of public interest, and thus within the scope of the DC anti-SLAPP statute, or is it in furtherance of the...more

Software Patent Eligibility: Preemption Gets Starring Role at the Federal Circuit

The Supreme Court decision Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank, 134 S. Ct. 2347 (2014) pronounced, in no uncertain terms, preemption “drives” patent subject matter eligibility and its exceptions. But after Alice, it appeared preemption’s...more

New California Law Will Require Online Entertainment Database Sites to Remove Age-Based Information

California’s governor has signed into law a bill aimed at discouraging discriminatory age hiring practices in the entertainment industry. The law focuses on internet websites identifying ages, but critics question whether...more

Alleged Wiretap Act and CIPA Violations Held to Satisfy Spokeo Test for Standing in Latest Gmail Privacy Class Action

In the wake of the Supreme Court’s decision in Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins, 136 S. Ct. 1540 (2016), lower courts have begun to address whether alleged violations of statutes intended to protect privacy suffice, in the absence of...more

Encryption: Ensuring the Right to Privacy in the Information Age?

On December 2nd, 2015, a tragic mass shooting occurred in San Bernardino, California. The attack resulted in 14 deaths and severe injuries to 22 others. The attackers, a married couple, targeted the husband’s workplace – the...more

Sixth Circuit Eases Plaintiffs’ Burden for Standing in Data Breach Claims

Insurance companies are susceptible to the same sort of data breaches as suffered by many other businesses, such as the recently reported theft from Yahoo of the personal data in half a billion accounts. In a major decision...more

FDA Denies AbbVie Citizen Petition on Fifth Amendment Takings

On September 23, the FDA denied a citizen petition from AbbVie submitted to the FDA on April 2, 2012, requesting that the FDA not implement the BPCIA as to any applications for biosimilar products referencing Humira...more

Key Legal Issues in Privacy and Data Security on Display in Sixth Circuit Data Breach Class Action Decision

A September 12, 2016 decision out of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit adds new fuel to an ongoing legal debate: when a data breach places a business’s sensitive customer information into the hands of hackers,...more

Employment Law Navigator – Week in Review: September 2016 #4

Last week, 21 states filed a lawsuit challenging the Department of Labor’s new overtime rules. Within hours, another suit was filed by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and business groups. The lawsuits contend that the Department...more

Sixth Circuit Lowers Bar For Plaintiff’s Standing To Sue In Data Breach Cases

On September 12, 2016, a split panel from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit held in an unpublished opinion that customers of Nationwide Mutual Insurance (“Nationwide”) could pursue claims stemming from a 2012...more

Gannett Cannot Escape Privacy Suit Over USAToday App

On Friday September 2, the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts ruled against Gannett Company, Inc. (“Gannett”) in a case where Gannett allegedly violated the Video Privacy Protection Act (“VPPA”) by...more

Off-Label Promotion And The First Amendment Updates

Although activity around the Amarin and Pacira cases has settled down, questions regarding the FDA’s position on truthful off-label promotion-and whether it comports with First Amendment free speech principles—persist....more

Federal Circuit Overturns PTAB Denial of Motion to Amend Claims in IPR Proceeding

Veritas Technologies LLC v. Veeam Software Corp., No. 2015-1894 (Fed. Cir. Aug. 30, 2016). On recurring controversy in AIA trials is the difficulty patent owners face meeting the PTAB’s strict requirements for amending...more

The Eighth Circuit Charts a Course for Data Privacy Cases in the Wake of Spokeo for Technical Violations of a Statute That Result...

The Eighth Circuit recently became the one of the first federal Courts of Appeals to apply the U.S. Supreme Court’s Article III standing decision in Spokeo Inc. v. Robins to a data privacy case. The Eighth Circuit affirmed...more

FDA Announces Public Hearing on Off-Label Communications; Registration Deadline October 19, 2016

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will hold a public hearing on November 9 and 10, 2016, to obtain input on manufacturer communications regarding unapproved uses of approved or cleared medical products (off-label...more

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