Tax Civil Rights

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Supreme Court Upholds Broad Interpretation of FHA

In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court ruled that disparate impact claims can be brought under the Fair Housing Act (“FHA”). Disparate impact claims attack policies or practices that are facially neutral but have a...more

Monthly Benefits Alert - June 2015

Supreme Court - As explained in more detail in separate alerts we issued over the past several days, the Supreme Court decided two major cases involving the Affordable Care Act and same-sex marriage. First, as described...more

Moving Toward True Marriage Equality

With the recent decision of the U.S. Supreme Court, same-sex couples now have the freedom to marry, and divorce, throughout the Country. There is finally marriage equality. Certainly, being able to marry is important...more

Recent US Supreme Court Decision Impacts Affordable Housing Industry

On June 25, the US Supreme Court upheld a decision that the Fair Housing Act ("Act") includes disparate impact claims. In Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., the Supreme...more

U.S. Supreme Court Upholds Disparate-Impact Claims in Fair Housing Act Cases

On June 25, 2015, in Texas Dep't of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, the U.S. Supreme Court held that a plaintiff may establish a prima facie case under the Fair Housing Act (FHA) on the basis...more

Supreme Court Approves Same-Sex Marriage: Tax and Legal Implications for Same-Sex Spouses

On June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court handed down its decision in the landmark case of Obergefell v. Hodges. The Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution requires all states to license a...more

Court Reaffirms Viability of Disparate Impact Theory in Discrimination Cases

Last week, the Supreme Court issued its highly anticipated ruling in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc. (Inclusive Communities). For the first time, the Court interpreted...more

U.S. Supreme Court Finds Disparate Impact Claims Cognizable Under FHA

This case arose from a dispute regarding where housing for low-income persons should be constructed in Dallas, Texas—that is, whether low-income housing projects that received government tax credits should be built in the...more

U.S. Supreme Court Decides Fair Housing Act Allows Disparate-Impact Claims

On June 25th, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its opinion in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs, et al. v. Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., et al., holding that disparate-impact claims are cognizable under...more

Housing Discrimination Claims Given Boost By Supreme Court

Today, by a 5-4 vote, the U.S. Supreme Court held that the federal Fair Housing Act (FHA) encompasses claims of disparate-impact discrimination. This decision, which marks the first time that the Supreme Court addressed this...more

Fair Housing Act Prohibits Policies and Practices Causing a Disparate Impact - Housing Policies and Practices Must Be "Necessary...

On June 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court held that individuals and groups can challenge housing policies or practices that have a disproportionate adverse effect on protected classes (i.e., a disparate impact) – even if there...more

The U.S. Supreme Court Finds a Constitutional Right to Same-Sex Marriage: Implications for Employee Benefit Plan Sponsors

On June 26, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court issued a historic decision in Obergefell v. Hodges, holding that the Fourteenth Amendment’s Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses require states to allow same-sex marriage and to...more

Supreme Court upholds ‘disparate impact’ under the FHA but emphasizes that claims cannot rely on statistics alone

In a much-anticipated decision, the U.S. Supreme Court held in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. Inclusive Communities Project (“Inclusive Communities”) that claims of disparate impact discrimination are...more

Supreme Court Decides Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Inc.

On June 25, 2015, the U.S. Supreme Court decided Texas Department of Housing & Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project, Inc., No. 13-1371, holding that a disparate-impact claim is cognizable under the Fair...more

Supreme Court Upholds Use of Disparate Impact in FHA Claims

In a decision certain to have major repercussions for the banking industry, the Supreme Court on Thursday upheld the use of disparate impact theories of liability – that is, suits that claim a law or practice has a...more

US Supreme Court Upholds Use of Disparate Impact Claims in Fair Lending Enforcement

The US Supreme Court finally weighed in today on whether the disparate impact theory may be used to prove housing discrimination and ruled that such claims are viable under the Fair Housing Act (FHA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 3601 et...more

New York State Attorney General Issues Guidance on the Conflict of Interest and Whistleblower Policy Provisions of the New York...

The New York State Attorney General’s Charities Bureau recently issued written guidance on certain provisions of the New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act of 2013 (the “Act”), including provisions on audit oversight...more

OSHA Issues Revised Whistleblower Investigations Manual

Continuing its emphasis on its Whistleblower Protection Program, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) released an updated Whistleblower Investigations Manual on May 21, 2015. OSHA enforces whistleblower...more

Supreme Court Update: Comptroller v. Wynne (13-485) And San Francisco v. Sheehan (13-1412)

We're back with the two remaining decisions from Monday, Comptroller v. Wynne (13-485) and San Francisco v. Sheehan (13-1412), two split decisions featuring strange bedfellows. The Justices' philosophical differences...more

Religious Institutions Update: May 2015

Religious institutions commonly keep ministry supporters and members abreast of developments through newsletters, correspondence and other communications. Sometimes, the developments reported are embarrassing to those...more

Some Wellness Benefits are Taxable

My colleagues blogged on recent wellness guidance from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and the three agencies charged with enforcing the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the Department of Treasury, the Department...more

Monthly Benefits Alert - April 2015

Central States Pension Fund Developing Rescue Plan - The Central States Pension Fund has announced that it will adopt a “rescue plan” under which certain participant benefits will be reduced. The Multiemployer Pension...more

IRS Extends Temporary Coverage/Nondiscrimination Testing Relief for Closed Defined Benefit Plans

Under guidance issued in Notice 2015-28, the IRS extended relief from certain coverage/nondiscrimination testing requirements for defined benefit plans that have been closed to new participants but provide ongoing accruals...more

Monthly Benefits Alert - March 2015

Retirement Plans - IRS Modifies its Voluntary Retirement Plan Correction Procedures (EPCRS) - Under the IRS’s Employee Plans Compliance Resolution System (EPCRS), retirement plan sponsors may voluntarily request...more

The Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) and Wage and Hour Law

Unless you are living under a rock, you are probably aware of the uproar in Indiana about the Religious Freedom Restoration Act that the state passed, triggering an incredible backlash inside and outside the state and a rush...more

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