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FATCA Violation Underlies Latest US Tax and Securities Fraud Charges

Indictment demonstrates the strength of US law enforcement efforts to combat offshore fraud and is the first to charge a FATCA violation. On September 9, 2014, in US v. Robert Bandfield, et al., federal prosecutors in...more

IRS Affirms Treatment of Short Sales for UBTI Purposes

Since there are many hedge funds that utilize short selling as part of their investment strategy, it is important for hedge fund investors, including tax exempt organizations, to understand the U.S. tax treatment of these...more

IRS Internal Memorandum Advises That Self-Employment Tax Applies to Profits From an Investment Manager

On September 5, 2014, the Office of Chief Counsel, Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released an internal generic legal advice memorandum advising an IRS field agent that the statutorily provided “limited partner” exception to...more

Levick Monthly - August 2014, edition 13: The U.S. House Signals Significant Mobile Usage Upticks

In This Issue: - The U.S. House Signals Significant Mobile Usage Upticks - The Nick Hanauer Debate: Trickledown, Trickle Dee, And Trickle Dumb - Texas Supreme Court Guts Minority Shareholder Oppression...more

Regulations Finalize Treatment of Basis of Indebtedness of S Corporations to Their Shareholders

Regulations issued July 23, 2014 finalize certain treatment of the basis of indebtedness of S corporations to their shareholders. The regulations adopt the June 2012 proposed regulations without substantive change, except for...more

New Tax Guidance Would Simplify Rules for Shareholders of Institutional Money Market Funds

On July 23, 2014, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) adopted final rules governing the structure and operation of money market funds (SEC MMF Reform Rules). See our client alert entitled “SEC Adopts Floating-NAV and...more

Amendments to Offshore Fund Rules to Reflect Finance Act 2014 AIFM Partnership Tax Changes

Regulations amending the Offshore Funds Regulations 2009 (the 2009 Regulations) to reflect the Finance Act 2014 changes to the taxation of alternative investment fund managers operating as partnerships (AIFM firms) were made...more

Tax Talk -- Volume 7, No. 2 -- July 2014

In This Issue: - As FATCA Begins, IRS Rolls out Withholding Forms, Increases IGA Count - IRS Issues Final Circular 230 Rules Simplifying Written Tax Advice Requirements - Mortgage CCA Raises More...more

Is Your Purchaser Accredited? Clarifications from the SEC

Under Rule 506(c), companies can now engage in a general solicitation in conducting private placements but if they do so, they must verify that each purchaser is accredited. The SEC has provided some safe harbors for...more

SEC Requires Floating NAV for Institutional Money Market Funds; IRS Eases Tax Reporting Burden for Fund Investors

A divided Securities and Exchange Commission recently adopted rules that will require floating net asset values (NAVs) for institutional money market funds and give most money market funds the discretion to impose liquidity...more

FDIC Gives Guidance to S-Corporation Banks Regarding Dividends under Basel III

On July 21, the FDIC clarified how it will evaluate requests by S-Corporation Banks to make dividend payments that would otherwise be prohibited under the Basel III capital conservation buffer. New Basel III capital rules...more

SEC Adopts Amendments to Money Market Fund Rules

The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) today adopted long-awaited and highly anticipated amendments to rules under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the 1940 Act) governing money market funds. ...more

SEC Requires Floating NAV for Institutional Money Market Funds; IRS Eases Tax Reporting Burden for Fund Investors

Yesterday, a divided Securities and Exchange Commission adopted rules that will require floating net asset values (NAVs) for institutional money market funds and give most money market funds the discretion to impose liquidity...more

Equity Compensation Alphabet Soup – ISO, NSO, RSA, RSU and more

Startups and public companies alike often use equity to help attract, retain and incentivize talented employees and other service providers. The different forms of awards have proliferated in the past several years, though,...more

Perspectives - Fall 2012 Volume 3, Edition 2: An Executive Compensation, Benefits & Human Resources Law Update

In this Issue: - Don’t “Moench”ion It: Supreme Court Rejects Presumption of Prudence for ESOP Fiduciaries - Avoiding Claims of Excessive Fund Fees - Risk of ERISA Class Actions Can Be Reduced by Use of...more

SEC Issues Interpretive Advice About Verification Safe Harbors Under Rule 506(c)

The availability of the private placement exemption under SEC Rule 506 depends in large measure upon determinations that purchasers are “accredited investors” under the rules. Where there is no general solicitation, Rule...more

Italian Government Enacts Innovative Measures to Support Access to Finance

A new decree expands the types of entities allowed to provide loans beyond banks and financial intermediaries. Introduction - The Italian Government enacted law decree No. 91, of June 24, 2014, published on...more

Banking & Financial Services E-Note

In This Issue: - 70 Countries Agree to Share Bank Information in Tax Evasion Probe - Financial Industry Pushes Back Against Proposed ERISA Requirements - Federal Reserve Proposes Tougher Stress Tests for...more

IRS Pursues 409A Audits, Issues Ruling on Certain Options/SARs under 457A

IRS audits signal focus on Section 409A compliance; Revenue Ruling makes certain nonqualified options and stock appreciation rights more attractive for offshore entities. The IRS has begun its limited audit initiative...more

Orrick's Derivatives in Review - July 2014

Extension of Certain Dodd-Frank No-Action Relief - The CFTC recently established a phased compliance timeline for the implementation of the execution requirement currently applicable to certain interest rate swaps and...more

Seed Capital Review: Fall 2013 Survey Of Angel Financings

Welcome to the first installment of Seed Capital review, written by members of the entrepreneurial Services Group at Gray plant mooty. this is our first periodic report analyzing seed capital being raised by companies in...more

Corporate & Tax E-Note - June 26, 2014

In This Issue: - SBA Ups Size Standards, Allowing 8,400 Firms to Become Small Biz - Auditors Want to Limit Reporting of 'Critical Audit Matters' - House Approves Permanent Extension of Small Business Tax...more

Pre-Filing Consultation of SEC Staff Regarding Venezuela Operations May Be Appropriate in Certain Circumstances

In a recent meeting, a representative of the SEC accounting staff noted that the SEC staff is focusing on how companies with operations in Venezuela are affected by the various foreign currency exchange mechanisms in...more

Possible Offshore Deferrals for Hedge Fund Managers – IRS Confirms That Certain Stock Options and Stock Appreciation Rights Are...

The Internal Revenue Service (the "IRS") has issued Revenue Ruling 2014-18 (the "Ruling"), which generally confirms that a stock-settled stock option or stock appreciation right that is granted with an exercise/base price of...more

Financial Regulatory Developments Focus - June #3

In this issue: - Compensation - Capital and Prudential Regulation - Bank Structure - Financial Services - Consumer Protection - Enforcement - People - Events...more

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