Wills, Trusts, & Estate Planning Bankruptcy Civil Procedure

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Bankruptcy Bleak House—The Limited Ability of Bankruptcy Courts to Enter Final Judgments

In Stern V. Marshall, ____ U.S ___, 131 S. Ct. 2594 (2011), the Supreme Court held that bankruptcy courts cannot issue final judgments on state law counterclaims even though they are “core proceeding”. Stern V. Marshall is...more

Strong Arm Powers: What Can Be Done With An Avoided Lien?

DeGiacomo v. Traverse (In re Traverse), 753 F.3d 19 (1st Cir. 2014) – A chapter 7 trustee sought to avoid an unrecorded first mortgage and to preserve the lien for the benefit of the bankruptcy estate. In response, the...more

Affiliate Transfer: Fraudulent Conveyance or Unwinding Resulting Trust?

A chapter 7 trustee sought to set aside as a debtor’s transfer of her interest in property held jointly with her husband to her husband’s corporation as a constructive fraudulent conveyance. The bankruptcy court agreed that...more

An Inherited IRA And Bankruptcy

In Clark v. Rameker, a case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court on June 12, 2014, the Court ruled that an inherited IRA did not constitute “retirement funds” under the Federal Bankruptcy Code and, therefore, those funds were...more

Federal Practice & Bankruptcy: SCOTUS on Bankruptcy: Jurisdiction and Inherited IRAs Clarified

In a rare burst of bankruptcy enthusiasm, the US Supreme Court in June issued two decisions on matters important to the administration of bankruptcy cases. In re Bellingham, decided June 9, addressed a seemingly...more

Bankruptcy Protection for Inherited IRA

The already complicated subject of how to handle Individual Retirement Accounts following the death of an IRA holder just got a little more complicated with the recent Supreme Court decision in Clark v. Rameker. The issue in...more

Supreme Court Holds Inherited IRAs Not Exempt from Bankruptcy Estate

The Bankruptcy Code permits an individual in bankruptcy to exempt from the bankrupt estate “retirement funds” in an individual retirement account (“IRA”) or certain other tax-advantaged vehicles. In a recent case, the U.S....more

Supreme Court Rules Inherited IRAs Available to Creditors in Bankruptcy

On June 12, 2014 the United States Supreme Court issued its opinion in Clark v. Rameker, 13-299, ruling that inherited IRA accounts are available to creditors in bankruptcy. At issue was a Bankruptcy Code provision that...more

U.S. Supreme Court Rules That Inherited IRAs are Available to Pay Creditors

On June 12, 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its opinion in Clark v. Rameker[1], opening up another source of recovery for creditors and Chapter 7 trustees in bankruptcy proceedings. In Clark, a Chapter 7 debtor inherited...more

The U.S. Supreme Court Holds That Inherited IRAs Are Not Exempt In Bankruptcy

On June 12, 2014, the United States Supreme Court unanimously held in Clark v. Rameker Trustee that funds in an individual retirement account (“IRA”) inherited from someone other than the bankrupt debtor’s spouse are not...more

Inherited IRAs Are Not Bankruptcy-Exempt as “Retirement Funds”

On June 12, 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously held in Clark v. Rameker that an inherited individual retirement account (IRA) does not qualify for the “retirement funds” exemption in the Bankruptcy Code and is not...more

When is a Retirement Account not a Retirement Account?

Q: When is a retirement account not a retirement account? A: When it's an inherited IRA and the owner is bankrupt. That's what the Supreme Court said last week in a case involving the Bankruptcy Code's exemption...more

More On Inherited IRAs And Creditor Protection

Our post from yesterday discussed how the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Clark v. Rameker that inherited IRAs are not exempt from creditor claims in bankruptcy. Here are some more observations on that case...more

Inherited IRA Exposure To Creditors – Resolution At Last

We have written on the question whether inherited IRAs are exempt from creditors in a federal bankruptcy action. The various courts that have addressed the issue have gone in both directions....more

Supreme Court Decides Retirement-Fund Bankruptcy Exemption Case: Clark v. Rameker

On June 12, 2014, the United States Supreme Court decided Clark v. Rameker, No. 13-299, holding that funds in an individual retirement account (IRA) that a bankruptcy debtor obtained through inheritance are not "retirement...more

Delaware District Court Affirms Order Approving Gifting In Chapter 11 Case

The U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware has affirmed a bankruptcy court order which approved both a sale of the debtors’ assets and the establishment of an escrow account, which essentially provides a “gift” to...more

High Court to Rule on Retirement Fund Exemption

Ruth Heffron established an IRA naming her daughter, Heidi Heffron-Clark, as the sole beneficiary. Ruth died in 2001 and the account, valued at roughly $300,000, passed to Heidi. After her mother’s death, Heidi then...more

U.S. Supreme Court Resolves Circuit Split in Bullock v. BankChampaign, N.A.

One of the primary purposes of bankruptcy is to provide for the discharge of certain debts in order to enable a debtor to obtain a "fresh start" post-bankruptcy. Notwithstanding this specific purpose, section 523 of Title 11...more

New Concerns for Bondholders, Lenders and Other Creditors Following SCC’s Indalex Decision

On February 1, 2013, the Supreme Court of Canada (SCC) released its much-awaited decision in the Indalex case. While the central issue in Indalex was the priority of wind-up deficiencies in defined benefit pension plans...more

Estate of Badii ex rel. Badii v. Metropolitan Hospice, Inc., C.A. No. 6192-VCP (Del. Ch. Mar. 12, 2012) (Parsons, V.C.)

In this memorandum opinion, the Court of Chancery appointed a receiver for an insolvent corporation deadlocked over how to discharge a tax lien. Defendant Metropolitan Hospice, Inc. (“MHI”), a closely held corporation,...more

Judicial Restraint in the Early Days Following Stern v. Marshall

Over five months have passed since the United States Supreme Court entered its landmark decision of Stern v. Marshall, 131 S. Ct. 2594 (2011) [2011 BL 165774] the Court’s first key ruling in decades on bankruptcy court...more

No Surprise Here

There has been quite a bit of buzz about a recent bankruptcy case involving an Alaska asset protection trust. However, the case merely confirms a weakness in the use of domestic asset protection trusts that was obvious even...more

Stern v. Marshall: A Jurisdictional Game Changer?

During her lifetime, Vickie Lynn Marshall, publicly known as Anna Nicole Smith (“Vickie”), was hardly a stranger to the prying eyes of the media. Today, the late Vickie is again the subject of media coverage, this time in the...more

Court Limits a 'Self-Settling Trust or Similar Device' to an Express Trust

In In re Porco Inc., the Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Illinois in a March 30 opinion addressed an issue of apparent first impression: whether a resulting or constructive trust is a "self-settling trust or...more

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