Wills, Trusts, & Estate Planning Civil Procedure Tax

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Wealth Management Update

September Interest Rates for GRATs, Sales to Defective Grantor Trusts, Intra-Family Loans and Split Interest Charitable Trusts - The September § 7520 rate for use with estate planning techniques such as CRTs, CLTs, QPRTs...more

An Inherited IRA And Bankruptcy

In Clark v. Rameker, a case decided by the U.S. Supreme Court on June 12, 2014, the Court ruled that an inherited IRA did not constitute “retirement funds” under the Federal Bankruptcy Code and, therefore, those funds were...more

In Frank Aragona Trust, Tax Court Holds that Trustees’ Activities as Employees Count for Purposes of Material Participation Under...

The issue of whether a trust has passive or non-passive income from its investment in a pass-through entity has taken on increased importance in light of the tax imposed on net investment income under Code Section 1411 of the...more

Does the settlor of a trust have standing to seek its enforcement in the courts?

As a general rule, any beneficiary of a trust would have standing to seek its enforcement in the courts. The Restatement (Third) of Trusts is sending mixed signals as to whether the settlor of a trust, qua settlor, would have...more

No Refund Of Extension Overpayment Followed By A Code §6166 Election

If an estate files to extend the due date of its Form 706 estate tax return, it can elect to defer the portion of the estimated estate tax that will be deferred pursuant to its Code §6166 election. It does not make the...more

Supreme Court Holds Inherited IRAs Not Exempt from Bankruptcy Estate

The Bankruptcy Code permits an individual in bankruptcy to exempt from the bankrupt estate “retirement funds” in an individual retirement account (“IRA”) or certain other tax-advantaged vehicles. In a recent case, the U.S....more

Supreme Court Rules Inherited IRAs Available to Creditors in Bankruptcy

On June 12, 2014 the United States Supreme Court issued its opinion in Clark v. Rameker, 13-299, ruling that inherited IRA accounts are available to creditors in bankruptcy. At issue was a Bankruptcy Code provision that...more

U.S. Supreme Court Rules That Inherited IRAs are Available to Pay Creditors

On June 12, 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its opinion in Clark v. Rameker[1], opening up another source of recovery for creditors and Chapter 7 trustees in bankruptcy proceedings. In Clark, a Chapter 7 debtor inherited...more

The U.S. Supreme Court Holds That Inherited IRAs Are Not Exempt In Bankruptcy

On June 12, 2014, the United States Supreme Court unanimously held in Clark v. Rameker Trustee that funds in an individual retirement account (“IRA”) inherited from someone other than the bankrupt debtor’s spouse are not...more

Inherited IRAs Are Not Bankruptcy-Exempt as “Retirement Funds”

On June 12, 2014, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously held in Clark v. Rameker that an inherited individual retirement account (IRA) does not qualify for the “retirement funds” exemption in the Bankruptcy Code and is not...more

More On Inherited IRAs And Creditor Protection

Our post from yesterday discussed how the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Clark v. Rameker that inherited IRAs are not exempt from creditor claims in bankruptcy. Here are some more observations on that case...more

Inherited IRA Exposure To Creditors – Resolution At Last

We have written on the question whether inherited IRAs are exempt from creditors in a federal bankruptcy action. The various courts that have addressed the issue have gone in both directions....more

Delaware District Court Affirms Order Approving Gifting In Chapter 11 Case

The U.S. District Court for the District of Delaware has affirmed a bankruptcy court order which approved both a sale of the debtors’ assets and the establishment of an escrow account, which essentially provides a “gift” to...more

Wealth Management Update - May 2014

May Interest Rates for GRATs, Sales to Defective Grantor Trusts, Intra-Family Loans and Split Interest Charitable Trusts - The May § 7520 rate for use with estate planning techniques such as CRTs, CLTs, QPRTs and...more

Tax Court Rules on Built-In Gains Discount and Appraiser Qualification

On February 11, 2014, the United States Tax Court issued a memorandum opinion (i) determining the proper method for valuing a holding company (i.e., an S or C corporation holding marketable securities or appreciated...more

Pennsylvania Tax Developments - A Reed Smith Quarterly Update (February 24, 2014)

This is a brief update on recent Pennsylvania tax developments. It is intended to provide an overview of issues and cases to watch, as well as administrative and legislative developments....more

Wealth Management Update - January 2014

January Interest Rates for GRATs, Sales to Defective Grantor Trusts, Intra-Family Loans and Split Interest Charitable Trusts - The January § 7520 rate for use with estate planning techniques such as CRTs, CLTs, QPRTs...more

Pennsylvania Tax Developments - A Reed Smith Quarterly Update (3rd Quarter 2013)

This is a brief update on recent Pennsylvania tax developments. It is intended to provide an overview of issues and cases to watch, as well as administrative and legislative developments. ...more

Federal Tax Treatment of Married Same-Sex Couples

On August 29, 2013, the Internal Revenue Service ruled that married same-sex couples will be treated the same as married heterosexual couples for all federal tax purposes, including income and gift and estate taxes. Revenue...more

Out With The Old, In With The New: Clearwater Seafoods Holdings Trust V. The Queen

In the recent decision in Clearwater Seafoods Holdings Trust (2013 FCA 180), the Federal Court of Appeal considered the scope and purpose of Rule 29(1) of the Tax Court of Canada Rules (General Procedure) (the “Rules”). When...more

IRS Goes Back 41 Years To Assess Gift Tax

If a taxpayer does not file a tax return, the statute of limitations for most federal taxes never commences. Thus, in theory, the IRS can go back as many years it wants to such an “open” year to audit and assess tax....more

Tax Law Blog: Iowa Trust Industry Breathes a Sigh of Relief after the Supreme Court's Reversal in Trimble

On January 25, 2013, trustees around the state breathed a sigh of relief after the Iowa Supreme Court reversed the district court’s controversial decision in the trust case of In the matter of Trust #T-1 of Mary Fay Trimble....more

Sooner Rather Than Later For Gift Tax Returns

Late 2012 saw an unprecedented amount of gifting, as taxpayers sought to use up their unified credit before it was slated to shrink up in 2013. As a result, the IRS should be swamped with gift tax returns for 2012. Taxpayers...more

Wandry Appeal Withdrawn

I have previously written about the Wandry decision... Wandry is a favorable Tax Court Memorandum decision that accepted the use of a simplified formula gift clause (that is, one that did not involve disclaimer or charitable...more

IRS Disapproval of Valuation Method Does Not Prevent There Being A Qualified Appraisal

To obtain a charitable deduction for many contributions of property, the taxpayer is required to obtain a “qualified appraisal” and submit that appraisal with the income tax return. Treas. Regs. §1.170A-13(c)(ii) contains a...more

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