In This Excerpt:
I. HISTORIC OVERVIEW ...... 250
A. The Illegal Gratuity Statute, Unamended ... 250
B. Interpretation by Courts ... 251
1. United States v. Sun-Diamond Growers ... 251
2. Valdes v. United States ... 253
C. Criticism of Sun-Diamond Growers and Valdes ... 254
II. THE PUBLIC CORRUPTION PROSECUTION IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 2009 ... 254
A. S. 49 ... 254
1. Section-by-Section Snapshot ...255
B. H.R. 2822 ... 256
III. ANALYSIS OF THE PUBLIC CORRUPTION PROSECUTION IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 2009 ... 257
A. Why the PCPIA May Be Needed ... 257
B. How the PCPIA Would Aid Prosecutions of Illegal Gratuities ... 258
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