A technical variance in a "998 offer" can preclude an award of costs


In Rouland v. Pacific Specialty Insurance Co. the California Court of Appeal for the Fourth Appellate District decided an interesting case under California’s cost shifting provision, Code of Civil Procedure Section 998.

The Plaintiffs sued their insurer, Pacific Specialty Insurance Company (Pacific), for breach of contract after the insurer refused to cover damages incurred in a landslide. 

Prior to trial, Pacific served the Plaintiffs with separate offers to settle pursuant to Code of Civil Procedure Section 998. The offer directed them to respond with an “Offer and Notice of Acceptance” with the trial court within 30 days of the offer date. The Plaintiffs ignored the 998 offers.

Then a jury returned a verdict in favor of Pacific. The trial court entered judgment against the Plaintiffs and Pacific sought $331,000 in expert fees incurred in discovery and trial. 

The Plaintiffs argued that a 998 award was improper as the offer did not “strictly comply” with requirements of 998. The trial court did not award Pacific any expert fees. The insurance carrier appealed.

The court of appeal reversed the decision of the trial court. The court of appeal noted that Section 998 allows a defendant to recover reasonable expert fees where the plaintiff fails to timely accept a 998 award, and then loses at trial. 

The court noted that for a Section 998 offer to be valid, it must be in writing and include a statement containing the terms and conditions of an award as well as a simple statement of acceptance.

The court of appeal noted that Pacific’s offers directed the plaintiffs to file an “Offer and Notice of Acceptance.”  The court noted that the offer was in substantial compliance with the statute. For this reason the court ruled that the trial court erred in not awarding the carrier the expert costs. 

This case is a cautionary one for counsel and a reminder that a technical variance in a 998 offer can preclude an award of costs.


Written by:

Published In:

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Hinshaw & Culbertson LLP | Attorney Advertising

Don't miss a thing! Build a custom news brief:

Read fresh new writing on compliance, cybersecurity, Dodd-Frank, whistleblowers, social media, hiring & firing, patent reform, the NLRB, Obamacare, the SEC…

…or whatever matters the most to you. Follow authors, firms, and topics on JD Supra.

Create your news brief now - it's free and easy »

All the intelligence you need, in one easy email:

Great! Your first step to building an email digest of JD Supra authors and topics. Log in with LinkedIn so we can start sending your digest...

Sign up for your custom alerts now, using LinkedIn ›

* With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name.