After Expensive Campaign, Proposal 3 Rejected By Voters


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The renewable energy initiated constitutional amendment on the November 6 statewide ballot (Proposal 3) was defeated 62 percent to 38 percent. The proposal would have constitutionally mandated that by 2025, 25 percent of the state’s electricity would come from renewable resources. It was the second-most expensive ballot campaign this election cycle.

According to the Michigan Campaign Finance Network, supporters of the proposal, including the League of Conservation Voters, the BlueGreen Alliance, the American Wind Energy Association, and the Green Tech Action Fund, contributed over $10 million to the campaign. The opposition raised more than $25 million, including $11.5 million from Consumers Energy and $9.4 million from DTE Energy. 

The principal arguments against the proposal were:

  1. energy policy should not be written into the Michigan Constitution and
  2. the cost of the energy would be $12 Billion dollars which would raise electric bills. 

The counterarguments were: 

  1. unless written into the Constitution the utility forces would amend and water down renewable energy legislation; and
  2. the utilities will be spending even more than $12 Billion by 2025 replacing existing generation, and this proposal would have mandated that a portion of that investment go toward renewables.


Topics:  Constitutional Amendment, Renewable Energy

Published In: Constitutional Law Updates, Elections & Politics Updates, Energy & Utilities Updates

DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

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