Yesterday, the federal Surface Transportation Board (STB) authorized the California High-Speed Rail Authority (Authority) to construct the initial 65-mile segment of its passenger train system between Merced and Fresno, California. The system will eventually connect the major population centers of the state on over 800 miles of rail lines, operating at speeds up to 220 mph.
"We welcome this decision and will continue to work with the Surface Transportation Board on the implementation of the nation's first high-speed rail program," said Jeff Morales, the Authority's chief executive. "We can now focus on starting major work on the project this summer and providing thousands of jobs in the Central Valley."
The Authority expects to award a $985 million contract shortly to a joint venture led by Tutor Perini to design and construct the first 29-mile section of the high-speed train system in the San Joaquin Valley, from Madera County to Fresno.
In authorizing construction of this initial Merced-to-Fresno segment of the larger high-speed train system, the STB exempted the Authority from the more detailed and lengthy application process that would otherwise govern federal licenses to construct rail lines. The STB noted that the Authority's rail line will be a "valuable addition to the passenger rail transportation system in California," and adopted the extensive environmental analysis already completed by the Authority for this segment.
The STB, a federal economic regulatory agency, has jurisdiction over the construction of rail lines as part of the interstate rail network. The STB determined that it had jurisdiction over the Authority's high-speed train system because the STB found that, despite being located entirely in the state of California, the Authority plans to interconnect its system with other interstate services like Amtrak.
The STB's decision in this matter will establish important precedent for the future federal regulation of state-supported passenger rail systems.