Colors as Trademarks: The Gloves Are On In This Baseball Brawl

Rawlings Sporting Goods Co. has brought suit (complaint here) against competitor Wilson Sporting Goods Co. for giving a Wilson® baseball glove with “metallic gold-colored webbing, stitching and lettering” to a major league player -- Brandon Phillips of the Cincinatti Reds -- who has won the “Rawlings Gold Glove” award in the past but is an endorser of Wilson rather than Rawlings.

Every baseball fan has heard of the Gold Glove awards given annually to 9 players from the National League and American League, respectively, for their defensive prowess. Some fans may not be aware, however, that the award was associated with a company. The award was apparently instigated in 1957 by Rawlings and is officially known as the Rawlings Gold Glove Award. (That’s certainly how Rawlings and the official site of Major League Baseball both refer to it.)

Rawlings gives winners a trophy made out of a golden colored glove:

Although Rawlings owns incontestable federal registrations for word marks such as GOLD GLOVE, GOLD GLOVE AWARD and RAWLINGS GOLD GLOVE AWARD, it cites only common law rights for the “trade dress embodied in the distinctive famous gold-colored baseball glove that forms the centerpiece of the world famous Gold Glove Award.” Rawlings claims that it also gives winning players a “functional baseball glove” that “includes metallic gold indicia on the glove itself.” Whether the players actually use these gloves, and how visible and recognizable the “metallic gold indicia” are to the public, will be good topics for discovery in the case.

As many readers will know, attempts to trademark colors of products have a long and storied past, ranging from the 1995 Supreme Court case involving Qualitex’s green-gold dry cleaning pads to the more recent case involving Louboutin’s red colored shoe soles, covered in our blog here. In this case, an added wrinkle would seem to arise where a color is commonly associated with excellence (i.e. gold medals) and with awards. The Golden Gloves for boxers, Golden Globe awards for the film industry, and the Golden Spikes for the country’s top college baseball player all come to mind, and a search on reveals a host of more or less obscure awards involving gold-colored items. When a player wears a glove with gold webbing, stitching, and lettering, is he arguably sending a signal that he is both excellent and flashy? And if he is also more specifically implying that he is a Gold Glove-caliber defender, where is the harm in that if it’s true?

Rawlings will have to try and prove that the gold-colored glove Wilson gave to Brandon Phillips will cause people to believe that Wilson, not Rawlings, is the sponsor of the Gold Glove award. Survey evidence would seem to be the key to this dispute. It will also be interesting to learn whether Rawlings has ever run advertising or promotional campaigns in which it called attention to the “metallic gold indicia” on winning players’ gloves.


DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Foley Hoag LLP - Trademark, Copyright & Unfair Competition | Attorney Advertising

Written by:


Foley Hoag LLP - Trademark, Copyright & Unfair Competition on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:

Sign up to create your digest using LinkedIn*

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.

Already signed up? Log in here

*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.