The Ontario Divisional Court's recent decision in Deeb v IIROC, 2012 ONSC 1014 (CanLII) will be of interest to securities law practitioners with clients operating in Ontario, as it speaks to the ability (or inability) of respondents to circumvent the disciplinary process of the Investment Industry Regulatory Organisation of Canada (IIROC) by means of an application for judicial review. Deeb confirms that, in line with previous decisions, IIROC derives its authority from the contractual relationships with its members and not from statute, and that when an individual or firm contractually submits to IIROC's jurisdiction, it is bound by that commitment and will be unable to bypass IIROC's disciplinary procedures by proceeding directly to the civil courts.
IIROC is a self-regulatory organisation that regulates investment dealers in Canada. IIROC is recognised as a self-regulatory organisation by the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) pursuant to the Ontario Securities Act (RSO 1990, c S.5), which allows persons or companies affected by a direction, decision, order or ruling made by IIROC to apply to the OSC for a hearing and review of the relevant direction, decision, order or ruling. Despite being recognised by the OSC, IIROC is an independent body and receives its funding from its members.
Hampton Securities Limited is a dealer member of IIROC. Peter Michael Deeb, the president and chief executive officer of Hampton, is registered as an 'approved person' with IIROC. Both agreed to be bound by IIROC's rules and bylaws and submitted to IIROC's jurisdiction. Specifically, in its April 2008 membership application, Hampton stated that it "submits to the jurisdiction of IIROC", and that it "agrees that IIROC is entitled to exercise such jurisdiction over the applicant and its approved persons with respect to any matter, facts, actions or circumstances existing or arising prior to, as at, or after the date" on which it became a member.
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