International laws and their enforcement are issues of increasing importance in today's world of globalization.
Many civilized nations sign treaties to codify and interpret the international laws that govern their relations. Several sovereign southern African nations signed a treaty creating a quasi-federal international government called the Southern African Development Community ("SADC"). One of the entities created by the SADC Treaty is the SADC Tribunal--a permanent international court similar to the International Court of Justice ("ICJ").
The issue presented here is that the SADC Tribunal has the jurisdictional authority to make binding decisions upon sovereign members of the SADC Treaty, it lacks the executive power to enforce those decisions.
This paper follows the case of Campbell v. Zimbabwe, argued before the SADC Tribunal on a human rights claim, in an effort to present the subject of international law and the difficulties of enforcing judgments against sovereign nations at an introductory level.
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