Error to Dismiss for Lack of Prosecution at Case Management Conference

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After Plaintiff failed to attend a case management conference, the trial court issued an order which stated in its entirety:

Neither plaintiff nor defendant appeared at duly set status conference. Whereas this court hereby dismisses without prejudice the above styled case for lack of prosecution.

Florida Rule of Civil Procedure 1.420(e) allows the court to dismiss a suit for lack of prosecution, but the required procedures for dismissal for lack of prosecution were not met, i.e.: “no record activity for ten months followed by a notice to the parties and a sixty-day opportunity to take action.”

The 4th DCA noted that the trial court could have dismissed the suit under Florida Rule of Civil Procedure 1.200(c), which provides that the court may “dismiss the action” if a party fails to attend a case management or pretrial conference. However, the court would have had to made a finding of fact that the failure to attend the case management hearing was “willful and contumacious.”

Since the court’s order merely stated that Appellant failed to attend the conference and did not set forth any findings establishing that Appellant engaged in “willful and contumacious” behavior, the 4th DCA overturned the trial court’s dismissal.

PETERSEN & HAWTHORNE, P.A. v. EMI ENTERPRISES, INC., et. al.,  Case No. 4D11-3609 (4th DCA June 12, 2013).


DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

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