Evaluating FOCI In The Context Of An M&A Transaction

We all now realize that, contrary to the pronouncements of certain pundits, the world is not economically flat. But it is undeniable that its citizens and businesses are more economically connected than ever before. One manifestation of this interconnectedness is the increasing number of cross-border acquisitions of business enterprises. In most cases these transactions do not become the subject of public discussion or detailed government scrutiny. But when foreign entities seek to purchase U.S. government contractors who perform classified national security work and therefore hold facility security clearances (“FCLs”), the U.S. Government is anxious to know, among other things, the extent to which the company is the subject of foreign ownership, control or influence (“FOCI”). Being under FOCI can sound the death knell for a company’s ability to perform classified work, with consequent loss of business that may be critical to the company’s continued status as a going concern. But that outcome can often be avoided by development and submission of a FOCI mitigation plan which, if accepted either as submitted or modified, can enable the company to continue performance of national security work.

The National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual (“NISPOM”) contains detailed direction regarding requirements for compliance with the rules governing FOCI. This brief article asks and, using NISPOM, provides basic answers to some of the key questions that arise with regard to the FOCI rules.

Please see full article below for more information.

LOADING PDF: If there are any problems, click here to download the file.