Failure To Name Primary Violator Doesn’t Doom Class Action Against Secondary Actors


One might expect plaintiffs to always name the primary violator in a securities fraud suit.  However, what if suing the primary violator is not an option because the primary violator is in bankruptcy or the subject of a court ordered stay?  Can there be a finding of secondary liability when there is no finding of primary liability?

U.S. District Court Judge Jon S. Tigar recently ruled that a plaintiff can proceed without the primary violator.  In Hayden v. Wang, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 161892 (N.D. Cal. Nov. 13, 2013) the plaintiff, an investor in a private placement, filed a class action in California Superior Court against the issuer, the placement agent and numerous individuals alleging violations of Corporations Code Section 25401.  After the action was filed, the issuer filed a petition for relief under Chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code, thereby staying the action against it.  The placement agent then removed the case to the federal court.  The plaintiff then moved to sever the issuer and remand the claims back to the Superior Court.  Three of the individual defendants argued that the action couldn’t proceed without the primary violator – the issuer.

Judge Tigar rejected this argument, stating:

The law is clear that the alleged primary violator is not required to be named as a defendant for a plaintiff to proceed against other defendants who are jointly and severally liable, or, with respect to [Corporations Code] section 25504.1, directly liable for materially assisting the primary violation.

In support, Judge Tigar cited Moss v. Kroner, 197 Cal. App. 4th 860 (2011), a case that I discuss here.


DISCLAIMER: Because of the generality of this update, the information provided herein may not be applicable in all situations and should not be acted upon without specific legal advice based on particular situations.

© Allen Matkins | Attorney Advertising

Written by:


Allen Matkins on:

Readers' Choice 2017
Reporters on Deadline

"My best business intelligence, in one easy email…"

Your first step to building a free, personalized, morning email brief covering pertinent authors and topics on JD Supra:

Sign up to create your digest using LinkedIn*

*By using the service, you signify your acceptance of JD Supra's Privacy Policy.

Already signed up? Log in here

*With LinkedIn, you don't need to create a separate login to manage your free JD Supra account, and we can make suggestions based on your needs and interests. We will not post anything on LinkedIn in your name. Or, sign up using your email address.