Federal District Court Holds Foreclosures Negate Trust’s Ability to Enforce Representations and Warranties


On October 1, the U.S. District Court for the District of Minnesota granted a lender’s motion for partial summary judgment finding that a trustee’s foreclosure on properties securing mortgage loans extinguished the loans and rendered them unavailable for repurchase by a lender. MASTR Asset Backed Securities Trust 2006-HE3 v. WMC Mortgage Corporation, No. 11-2542, 2012 WL 4511065 (D. Minn. Oct. 1, 2012). The trustee filed the action to compel the lender to repurchase certain loans the lender sold to the trust, alleging that the lender breached representations and warranties made in connection with the sale. The lender moved for partial summary judgment on the grounds that (i) the loans at issue no longer existed to be repurchased after the trust foreclosed on the properties securing the mortgages, and (ii) the trust failed to provide the lender with “prompt notice” of the alleged breaches on which its repurchase demands were based as was required by the relevant agreement between the parties. In opposition to the lender’s motion, the trustee argued that, notwithstanding its foreclosure on the properties securing the loans, the loans remained available for repurchase given that the relevant agreement between the parties defined “mortgage loans” to include proceeds from any foreclosure sale. The court rejected the trustee’s argument and granted the lender’s motion for partial summary judgment, concluding that the loans no longer existed for repurchase. With respect to the lender’s “prompt notice,” that court said that while it found notice was not “prompt” under the circumstances presented, it could not grant summary judgment on that basis prior to discovery.