Bankruptcy is a court process, but a highly specialized one. That is why bankruptcy cases do not proceed in the same federal courts that hear typical criminal and civil cases. Instead, bankruptcy has its own court system. Each U.S. federal district has its own bankruptcy court with its own local procedures and customs. Working with a local bankruptcy attorney gives you the benefit of having an advocate who knows these procedures and is acquainted with the judges and other court personnel.
Georgia is divided into three districts, each with its own bankruptcy court:
Northern District — Georgia’s Northern District serves the areas north of a rough line between Troup County and Stephens County. It has 10 judges who sit in divisions in Atlanta, Rome, Gainesville and Newnan.
Southern District — Despite the name, Georgia’s Southern District covers the eastern part of the state, from Lincoln County, down the coast and as far west as Dodge County. The court has four judges who sit in Augusta, Brunswick, Dublin, Savannah, Waycross and Statesboro.
The bankruptcy court in which you must file depends on your primary place of residence or principal office of your company. While all these courts follow uniform federal rules of bankruptcy procedure, they do have their own local rules and procedures that are just as important.